Oral history interview with Frank Herman, 1982 June 17.
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International Business Machines Corporation was incorporated in New York State on June 16, 1911 under the name Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. In 1922, Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. purchased all of the shares of Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft. In 1924 the official name of the company was changed to International Business Machines Corporation. In 1933, IBM CEO Thomas Watson ordered the merger of IBM subsidiaries in Germany (Optima, Degemag, Holgemag, Dehomag) under the name De...
The Department of General Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) did not officially exist until 1882. Courses in general studies were offered as early as 1865, when the MIT Catalog offered a curriculum option called the Course in Science and Literature. At that time, all regular MIT students were required to take “general studies” classes from the Course in Science and Literature, in addition to English, history, and modern languages. In 1882 the Course in Scienc...
The Columbia University community and administration mobilized to the fullest extent in answer to the entry of the United States into World War I. Summed up by President Nicholas Murray Butler in the 1918 Annual Report, the effects of the war on the University were far-reaching: "Students by the hundred and prospective students by the thousand entered the military, naval, or civil service of the United States; teachers and administrative officers to the number of nearly four hundred...
Physicist. On the physics faculty at University of Rochester, 1935-1937; research physicist, General Electric Company, 1937-1939; on the physics faculty at University of Pennsylvania, 1939-1942; Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1942-1949; and University of Illinois, 1949-1965; president, National Academy of Sciences, 1962-1969; president, Rockefeller University, 1968-1978. From the description of Summary of 1987 conference: The Origins of Solid State Physics in Italy: 1945-1960, 198...