Einstein Observatory (HEAO-2) (Space Science): Oral history interviews, 1992-1994.


Einstein Observatory (HEAO-2) (Space Science): Oral history interviews, 1992-1994.

Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S. groups by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Project Manager, Project Scientist, Program Manager, Program Scientist, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in space science. The interviews focus on the Einstein Observatory, a high energy astrophysics observatory. They also mention it's x-ray telescope. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) were conducted with: Columbia University: Thomas Hamilton, David Helfand; Goddard Space Flight Center: Elihu Boldt, Steve Holt, Frank McDonald; Massachusetts Institute of Technology: George Clark; Marshall Space Flight Center: Carroll Dailey, Fred Spear, Ernst Stuhlinger; NASA Headquarters: Richard Halpern, Albert Opp; Naval Research Laboratory: Herbert Friedman; Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory: Riccardo Giacconi, Paul Gornstein, Stephen Murray, Harvey Tanabaum. Other institutions in the collaboration include: American Science & Engineering.

16 items.


SNAC Resource ID: 8292251

Related Entities

There are 18 Entities related to this resource.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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The Department of General Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) did not officially exist until 1882. Courses in general studies were offered as early as 1865, when the MIT Catalog offered a curriculum option called the Course in Science and Literature. At that time, all regular MIT students were required to take “general studies” classes from the Course in Science and Literature, in addition to English, history, and modern languages. In 1882 the Course in Scienc...

Columbia University

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The Columbia University community and administration mobilized to the fullest extent in answer to the entry of the United States into World War I. Summed up by President Nicholas Murray Butler in the 1918 Annual Report, the effects of the war on the University were far-reaching: "Students by the hundred and prospective students by the thousand entered the military, naval, or civil service of the United States; teachers and administrative officers to the number of nearly four hundred...

Dailey, Carroll

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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.

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Launched in 1978, the Einstein Observatory was the second spacecraft in NASA's series of High Energy Astrophysical Observatories. A self-created consortium of universities and research institute built and integrated a x-ray telescope and four instruments with varying resolutions and sensitivities to rotate into the telescope's focus. Marshall Space Flight Center was responsible for the spacecraft. Intended to obtain data on the most significant fixed x-ray sources revealed by HEAO-1, an all-sky ...

Boldt, Elihu

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Stuhlinger, Ernst, 1913-2008

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Gorenstein, Paul

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Clark, George W.

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Resident of Jackson, Michigan. From the description of George W. Clark scrapbook, 1839-1887. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34421558 ...

Holt, Stephen S., 1940-....

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Tananbaum, Harvey D.

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Astrophysicist. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory from 1973. From the description of Oral history interview with Harvey Tananbaum, 2002 June 24, 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80633239 ...

Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000

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Herbert Friedman received his Ph.D. in physics from Johns Hopkins University in 1940, and began working at the Naval Research Lab a year later. After two years of using X-ray radiation to detect manufacturing flaws, he was appointed head of the Electron Optics (1943-1958) branch of the Rocketry Division. In 1958 Friedman took over the Space Science Division until his retirement. From the description of Oral History interview with Herbert Friedman, 1983 June 7. (Unknown). WorldCat rec...

Giacconi, Riccardo.

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Giacconi (1931-) taught astronomy at Harvard. From the description of Papers of Riccardo Giacconi, 1980-1981 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76973249 Astronomer (astrophysics, X-ray astronomy, fields and particles); executive vice-president, American Science and Engineering (ASE), 1959-1973. He left to become Associate Director of the High Energy Astrophysic Division of the Center for Astrophysics (CFA) and Professsor of Astronomy at Harvard University...

Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.

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Robert C. Child was appointed Assistant in the Astrophysical Observatory (APO) in 1893. In 1894 his title was changed to Aid, Acting in Charge, APO, a position he retained until 1896. Charles G. Abbot joined the APO as an Assistant in 1895. The following year he became Aid, Acting in Charge, APO. From the description of Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 1893-1899 Records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78228384 Robert C. Child was appointed assistant in the Astrophysica...

Einstein Observatory (Artificial satellite)

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United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was established as an independent agency of the executive branch on October 1, 1958 by the National Aeronautics and Space Act (72 Stat. 426), approved July 29, 1958. It superseded the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). NASA conducted redsearch on problems of flight, developed aeronautical and space vehicles, explored outer space, and participated in international programs for the peaceful development of space technology....

Helfand, D. J. 1950-

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Center for History of Physics (American Institute of Physics)

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This oral history project was undertaken by the Center for History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics, beginning in about 1976. The American Philosophical Society Library is a designated repository for the archive, which includes photocopies of typed manuscripts of the interviews, and microfilm and microfiche of certain manuscript collections of astrophysicists. These include the papers of Robert D'E Atkinson, Seth Chandler, Theodore Dunham [The American Philosophical Society has re...

Goddard Space Flight Center

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