Montgomery Bus Boycott trial transcript, 1956.

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Montgomery Bus Boycott trial transcript, 1956.

On 1955 Dec. 1 Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Ala., municipal bus to a white person. As a result the black citizens of Montgomery chose to boycott the city's bus system in hope that they could force the bus company and the city to adopt changes to the segregated seating policies. Many of the more vocal blacks banded together to form the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA), electing the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. president. The boycott continued into 1956 Feb., when negotiations between the MIA and the city commissioners and bus company officials stagnated. On Feb. 21 eighty-nine blacks including King were indicted for the misdemeanor of conspiring to boycott. The Alabama anti-boycott law was passed in 1921 in response to the violent strike of Birmingham coal miners. Martin L. King was brought to trail in Mar. and although he was convicted Judge Eugene W. Carter refused to sentence him to prison on the grounds that King had worked to avoid violence. This series consists of the State Attorney General's copy of the transcript of the Circuit Court trial that occurred on 1956 Mar. 19. In addition to King, Roy Bennett, E.N. French, and E.D. Dixon were named as defendants. Attorneys for the defense were Fred D. Gray, Charles D. Langford, Orzell Billingsley, Jr., Peter A. Hall, and Arthur D. Shores. Maury D. Smith, Robert B. Stewart, and William F. Thetford served as prosecuting attorneys. Witnesses included: J.H. Bagley, Willie Chisholm, Erna Dungee, U.J. Fields, R.S. Graetz, Beatrice Jackson, Rufus Lewis, Joe Foster, D.S. Johnson, C.E. Moseley, Hezekiah Nunn, J.B. Sadler, C.H. Williams, Joseph Alford, Joe Alford, Joe Azbell, Mary Banks, A.E. Beasley, M.O. Beasley, C.A. Bedsole, Leola Bell, Henrietta Brinson, Sadie Brooks, Stella Brooks, Henry A. Burks, Arretta Burney, Willie Carter, C.N. Courtney, Irene Dorsey, Willie Elmore, J.B. Gardner, Odelliah Garnier, William A. Gayle, Georgia Gilmore, Thelma Glass, Mary Harris, George Henderson, Lula Mae Hopper, Dorothy Johnson, Geneva Johnson, K.Y. Jones, William Jones, Richard Jordan, Bessie Logan, O.O. Martin, W.H. Mills, Gladys Moore, S.E. Moseley, Rosa Lee Murray, John Oliver, Louise Osborne, Janie Page, Henry A. Parker, R.A. Park, Stuart W. Patton, Della Perkins, Eva Perkins, O.T. Rainwater, Inez Ricks, Frances Rutledge, Jack Shows, R.T. Smiley, Ernest Smith, Martha K. Walker, D.W. Williams, Odessa Williams, and A.W. Wilson. Individuals mentioned during the course of the trial include: Ralph D. Abernathy, Claudette Colvin, Jack Crenshaw, Governor James E. (Big Jim) Folsom, Walter Knabe, Rosa Parks, and JoAnn Robinson.

Original 1 item (1 oversized box)Copy on one microfilm reel.

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Courtney, C. N.

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Carter, Willie.

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Thetford, William F.

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Walker, Martha K.

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Wilson, A. W. (Alpheus Waters), Mrs.

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Williams, Odessa.

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Mills, W. H. (William Hayne), 1872-1942

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw338f (person)

William Hayne Mills was born on September 12, 1872 in Winnsboro, South Carolina, the son of Reverend William Wilson Mills and Sarah Edith (Smith) Mills. Mills received his A.B. from Davidson College (Davidson, North Carolina) in 1892 and his B.D. at Columbia Theological Seminary (Decatur, Georgia) in 1897. Mills was Principal at Bethesda High School from 1892-1894 and was a teacher of Hebrew at Columbia Theological Seminary from 1896-1898. He later served as minister to ...

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wt6cx3 (person)

Page, Janie.

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Jones, William E.

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William Jones was located in Philadelphia at least during some of the time of keeping these journals. He was the son-in-law of Joseph Pennell. From the description of Business ledgers, 1839-1867. (Haverford College Library). WorldCat record id: 216880591 Justice of the Court of Common Pleas. Appointed May 9, 1623, to examine the state of the Virginia Company's affairs. From the description of Draft of proposed procedures against the Virginia Company, 1623. (Unive...

Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63k42x2 (person)

Rosa Louis Lee Parks (1913-2005) became an icon of the civil rights movement after she was arrested and jailed for refusing to relinquish her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus in 1955. Her courage led to the Montgomery bus boycott and eventual court order outlawing segregation and discrimination on buses in that city. She was honored with the Congressional Gold Medal, the United States' highest civilian honor, in July of 1999. ...

Knabe, Walter

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Azbell, Joe

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Women's Political Council (Montgomery, Ala.)

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Fields, U. J.

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Shores, Arthur D. (Arthur Davis), 1904-1996

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Banks, Mary

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Parker, Henry A.

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Lewis, Rufus G.

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Dungee, Erna.

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Moore, Gladys, 1924-

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Bennett, Roy

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Jackson, Beatrice.

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Montgomery Improvement Association (Ala.)

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Parks, R. A.

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Colvin, Claudette, 1939-

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Solomon Nunes Carvalho was born in South Carolina of a Sephardic Jewish family. He studied portrait painting in Philadelphia and later became a daguerreotype photographer. In 1853-54 he served as official artist and photographer on John Charles Fremont's expedition from Missouri to Utah to secure a transcontinental railroad route across the Rocky Mountains. All of his plates and prints from the voyage were lost in a fire. He lived in California briefly, operating daguerreotype studios in both Lo...

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Logan, Bessie.

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Smith, Maury D.

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French, E. N.

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Ricks, Inez.

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Williams, D. W. (Del W.)

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Montgomery County Circuit Court Judge Eugene W. Carter presided over the 1956 trial of Martin Luther King, Jr., president of the Montgomery Improvement Association, who was indicted for conspiring to boycott. On Dec. 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery municipal bus to a white person. Protesting the arrest, black citizens of Montgomery boycotted the city's bus system in order to force the bus company and the city to abolish t...

Gayle, William A.

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Smiley, R. T.

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Perkins, Eva

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Alabama. Attorney General's Office

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Authorities: 1901 Alabama Constitution, Art. V, Sec. 112, 114-115, 117-118, 127, 129, 132, 136-137; Art. VII, Sec. 173; Amendment III; Amendment 282. Alabama Code, Sec. 12-3-32; 16-24-30, 23-1-5 to 23-1-6; 36-15-1 to 36-15-21. Acts 1933, No. 177, p. 189 (Extra Session). Acts 1935, No. 509, p. 1096. Acts 1959, No. 542, p. 1318. Acts 1969, No. 740, p. 1315. Alabama Government Manual, 1982. ...

Brooks, Sadie.

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Moseley, C. E.

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Robinson, Joanne

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White Citizens' Council (Montgomery, Ala.)

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Shows, Jack.

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Crenshaw, Jack W.

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Ralph David Abernathy (1926-1990) was a minister, civil rights leader, and confidant of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. From the description of Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10570514 ...

Burney, Arreta.

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Jordan, Richard.

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