Oral history interview with Nikolai Gennadievich Basov, 1984 September 14.


Oral history interview with Nikolai Gennadievich Basov, 1984 September 14.

Beginning of studies in molecular spectroscopy at Moscow Institute of Physics (MIFI) (1948). Invitation to Lebedev Institute (FIAN) by Mikhail Aleksandrovic Leontovich, head of the lab and MIFI theoretical physics department. Early radiospectroscopy work there with Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov using synchrotron. Inadequacy of low sensitivity equipment leading to development of maser-laser technology. Use of CsF molecule to solve problem of increasing the resolution of microwave frequency region. First indications of success reported at Conference on Radiospectroscopy, USSR Academy of Sciences, 1952 and first publication in field of quantum electronics with Prokhorov. Laboratory of Oscillations study of self excitation in a beam resonator system. Work atmosphere at FIAN. Basov's work during World War II, 1941-1945. Student at Moscow Institute of Physics, 1946. Joined Lebedev Physical Institute, 1948. Comments on relationship of Soviet politics and physics work. Comparison of American and Soviet science. Meeting with American scientists working in same area; comparison of their work with his. Colleagues working on semiconductor laser problems. Funding of laser programs. Scientific developments parallel with Theodore H. Maiman's ruby laser. Development of three-level maser. Diversification of laser technology in U.S. and Russia. Current laser research; history of laser development at Lebedev; prize winners in laser technology. Work atmosphere in newly developed Laboratory of Quantum Radiophysics. Applications of laser; research using modern spectroscopic methods; investigations on the properties of coherent radiation. Also prominently mentioned are: Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian, Nicolaas Bloembergen, V. A. Danilychev, V. Ya. Fainberg, F. S. Faizullov, Benjamin Lax, Theodore Maiman, A. N. Oraevskij, Yu. M. Popov, Arthur Leonard Schawlow, Henry Evelyn Derrick Scovil, D. V. Skobeltsyn, Charles Hard Townes, S. I. Vavilov, I. G. Zubarev, V. S. Zuev; Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Akademiia nauk SSR, Conference of Faraday Society, Conference on Quantum Electronics, Conference on Radiospectroscopy, International Conference on Quantum ElectronicsR︣esonance Phenomena at A. F. Joffe Acad of Institute of Physics and Technology (Lenin), Laboratory of Oscillations (Soviet Union), and Lenin Prize.

Sound recording: (ca. 7.0 hrs.), 1 session.Transcript: 28 p.


SNAC Resource ID: 8224610

Related Entities

There are 15 Entities related to this resource.

Skobelʹt︠s︡yn, D. V. (Dmitriĭ Vladimirovich), 1892-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hh9pxf (person)

Zuev, V. S.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k38zjx (person)

Faraday Society Conference.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68979v0 (corporateBody)

Popov, Iu. M.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66144nq (person)

Prokhorov, A. M. (Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich), 1916-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q910hj (person)

Ambart︠s︡umi︠a︡n, V. A. (Viktor Amazaspovich)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d53s9z (person)

Townes, Charles Hard

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b56kv5 (person)

Physicist. Member of technical staff, Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1939-1947; professor of physics, Columbia University, 1948-1961; physics dept. chairman, director of radiation laboratory, and provost, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1961-1967; University Professor of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, from 1967. From the description of Memoranda from Bell Telephone Laboratories concerning applications of microwave spectroscopy (1946); letters from Townes to Joan Br...

Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h70gxs (person)

Physicist, (1921-1999). Professor of physics, Stanford University from 1961. From the description of Letter regarding edits to chapter 2 of -Physics in the 20th Century-, 1997 December 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78903394 Physicist. Professor of Physics at Stanford University since 1961 and executive head of the Physics Dept., 1966-70; at Bell Laboratories, 1951-1961. Schawlow is best known for his work on lasers, and received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1981. ...

Akademiia nauk.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gr329r (corporateBody)

Vavilov, S. I. (Sergeĭ Ivanovich), 1891-1951.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6639w6k (person)

Physicist (optics, history of physics). 1918-1930, Institute for Physics and Biophysics, Moscow; 1918-1932, Moscow University, professor since 1929; 1932-1945, Opitcal Institute, Leningrad; 1932-1951, Director, Physical Institute of Academy of Sciences; 1931, correspondent members, Academy of Sciences; 1932 ordinary members, Academy of Sciences; 1945-1951, President, Academy of Sciences. From the description of Papers, 1913-1951. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77679042 Physi...

Bloembergen, Nicolaas

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d79cj3 (person)

Born 1920. From the description of Oral history interview with Nicolaas Bloembergen, 1983 June 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83800477 ...

International Quantum Electronics Conference

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w610374z (corporateBody)

Basov, N. G. (Nikolaĭ Gennadievich), 1922-2001

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tr5mx9 (person)

Nicolay G. Basov (b. December 14, 1922, Lipetsk, Russia-d. July 1, 2001, Moscow, Russia) was an optical physicist at the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, specializing in quantum electrodynamics, lasers, and masers. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Aleksandr M. Prokhorov and Charles N. Townes: "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle." After obaining a PhD from Mo...

Guenther, Arthur Henry, 1931-....

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ht5tk6 (person)

Leontovich, M. A

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pk3kx5 (person)