Oral history interview with Charles H. Townes, 1979 June 18 and 20.

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Oral history interview with Charles H. Townes, 1979 June 18 and 20.

Childhood and youth; his family life and siblings; education at Furman during the Depression, 1931-1935; merit scholarship. Graduate study at Duke University in 1936; shifts to Caltech during second year; early interest in astronomy; works with Fred Zwicky. His first job, at Bell Telephone Laboratories, from 1939-1947; scientific associates (Dean Wooldridge, William Shockley). Discussion of work on microwave spectroscopy, and NH3 spectrum; competition with Bleaney and Good. Accepts I.I. Rabi's offer to join Columbia University faculty in 1948. Interest in molecules, atoms (not solid state physics), and in short microwaves; comments on teaching, students, and faculty; department head from 1952-1955. Inventions of the maser and laser in the 1950s, background ideas; Treshkas' and Lamb's writings on stimulated emission. Purcell, Pound, Dicke did not think of maser; discussion of the effects contributing to the appearance of simultaneity of inventions. Masers in radioastronomy; consultantship at BTL; joint laser invention with Arthur Schawlow. Interactions with Gordon Gould; BTL's interest in the laser.

Preliminary transcript.

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Physicist (optics). Major affiliations: Columbia University, New York, NY, USA, 1938-1952; Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA, 1951-1956; University of Oxford, Oxford, England, UK, 1956-1962; and Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA, 1962-1974; University of Arizona from 1974. Nobel Prize in Physics, 1955. From the description of Oral History interview with W. E. Lamb, 1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154305292 Physicist. Major affiliations include: Columbia Universit...

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Physicist. Member of technical staff, Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1939-1947; professor of physics, Columbia University, 1948-1961; physics dept. chairman, director of radiation laboratory, and provost, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1961-1967; University Professor of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, from 1967. From the description of Memoranda from Bell Telephone Laboratories concerning applications of microwave spectroscopy (1946); letters from Townes to Joan Br...

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Physics, engineering;. Member of technical staff, Bell Laboratories, 1936-1946; Dir. electronic research and development, Hughes Aircraft Co, 1946-1953; Research Assoc. Engineering, California Institute of Technology, from 1962. Born, 1913; Died, 1985. From the description of Oral history interview with Dean E. Wooldridge, 1976 August 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82944288 ...