Papers of Seth Barnes Nicholson, 1914-1963.


Papers of Seth Barnes Nicholson, 1914-1963.

The collection contains Seth Barnes Nicholson's astronomical research and correspondence. The majority of Nicholson's research material deals with his study of Jupiter and its moons (Box 1). His other research (Box 2) includes his study of magnetic activity, the asteroid Icarus, Trojan asteroids, Pluto, Venus, the Sun and Sun spots (there is one item dealing with both Jupiter and the Sun in Box 1). There are some pieces of correspondence in the research folders. Most of the correspondence (Box 3) is between Nicholson and other astronomers throughout the world; the majority of it is also about Jupiter and its moons, asteroids and sun spots. Notable participants in the collection include: Giorgio Abetti, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Robert Grant Aitken, Joseph Ashbrook, Ira Sprague Bowen, Leland E. Cunningham, Sturla Einarsson, Charles Federer, Paul Herget, Samuel Herrick, Theodor S. Jacobsen, Vladimir Kourganoff, Karl Otto Kiepenheuer, Gerard Kuiper, Willem Luyten, M. G. J. Minnaert, Yngve Öhman, Jan Oort, William Henry Pickering, Frederick Hanley Seares, Harlow Shapley, Otto Struve, Alexander N. Vyssotsky, Fred L. Whipple and Fritz Zwicky. The collection also includes several photographs.

445 items.3 boxes.


SNAC Resource ID: 8081226

Related Entities

There are 31 Entities related to this resource.

Abetti, Giorgio, 1882-1982 (person)

Struve, Otto, 1897-1963 (person)

Astronomer (astrophysics of stars, spectroscopy, interstellar studies, origin of universe) and administrator. On the staff of Yerkes Observatory, 1921-1932, director, 1932-1950; editor, ASTROPHYSICS JOURNAL, 1932-1947; on the astrophysics faculty, department chair, and director, Leuschner Observatory, University of California, Berkeley, 1950-1959; and director, National Radio Astronomy Observatory from 1959. From the description of Selected correspondence [microform], 1932-1945. (Unk...

Bowen, Ira Sprague, 1898-1973 (person)

Ira Sprague Bowen (1898-1973), a physicist by training, was the third Director of the Mount Wilson Observatory from 1946-1964. From the description of Papers of Ira Sprague Bowen, 1940-1973. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122369281 Astrophysicist. California Institute of Technology. From the description of Papers, 1917-1961. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77663307 Biography ...

Zwicky, F. (Fritz), 1898-1974 (person)

Internationally reknowned astronomer and physicist at CalTech; then director of research, Aerojet Engineering Corporation. From the description of Report on certain phases of war research in Germany, 1947 Jan. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122448303 Astrophysicist (supernovas, galaxies, and intergalactic matter, patents for jet propulsion). Ph.D. 1922 from Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland. Assistant and Associate Professor of Theoretical Physics, 1927-19...

Ashbrook, Joseph, -1980 (person)

Ashbrook earned his Harvard PhD in 1947. From the description of Notes on the hypergeometric series / Joseph Ashbrook. [1942] (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 228512400 ...

Jacobsen, Theodor S. (person)

Herget, Paul, 1908- (person)

Astronmer. Cincinnati Observatory, 1931-1940; Director, 1943-; Lick Observatory, 1935-1936; U. S. Naval Observatory, 1942-1946. From the description of Papers, 1935-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78261249 Astronomer. From the description of The first astronauts: Second Dirk Brouwer Memorial Prize Lecture delivered before the American Astronomical Society at the University of Maryland, 1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84586814 Paul ...

Mount Wilson Observatory (corporateBody)

Founded in December 1904 by George Ellery Hale and funded by the Carnegie Institution, the Mount Wilson Observatory quickly became one of the 20th century's major astronomical research centers. Located just north of Los Angeles high atop the San Gabriel Mountains, the observatory took full advantage of Southern California's clear nights and uniquely steady air. The observatory's 60" telescope completed in 1908 was the largest then in existence. In 1917, another Mount Wilson telescope, 100" in di...

Federer, Charles, 1909- (person)

Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873-1964 (person)

Frederick Hanley Seares (1873-1964) was a staff astronomer at the Mount Wilson Observatory known for his photometric studies and his editorial work. He was appointed Assistant Director of the Mount Wilson Observatory in 1925, a position he held until his retirement in 1940. He was Director of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (1940-46) and was a recipient of the Society's Bruce Gold Medal. From the description of Papers of Frederick Hanley Seares, 1909-1945 (bulk 1909-1940). (H...

Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972 (person)

Astronomer (galaxies, photometry, spectroscopy) and administrator. Astronomer, Mount Wilson Observatory, 1914-1921; director, Harvard Observatory, 1921-1952; on the astronomy faculty at Harvard from 1952. From the description of Papers [microform], 1910-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80523781 Harlow Shapley (1885-1972) was an astronomer. Shapley served as director of the Harvard College Observatory and was a professor at Harvard University, eventually he became the Pai...

Humason, Milton L. (Milton La Salle), 1891-1972 (person)

Milton La Salle (his middle name has also been cited as Lasell) Humason was a staff astronomer for the Mount Wilson & Palomar Observatories throughout his entire astronomical career. Humason is remembered chiefly for his collaboration with Edwin P. Hubble in the field of observational cosmology. Perhaps his most notable accomplishment, however, was his rise from mule-driver and janitor at Mt. Wilson to the position of astronomer with the lack of even a high-school education. It was a feat re...

Minkowski, Rudolf 1895-1976 (person)

Whipple, Fred L. (Fred Lawrence), 1906-2004 (person)

Fred Lawrence Whipple was an astronomer, and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1956. From the description of Correspondence, 1965-1975. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122579023 From the guide to the Fred Lawrence Whipple correspondence, 1965-1975, 1965-1975, (American Philosophical Society) Fred Lawrence Whipple (1906- ), an astronomer at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), was noted for his research and...

Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories (corporateBody)

Öhman, Yngve, 1903- (person)

Professor of astrophysics, responsible for the observatory at Anarcapri, Capri, Italy. Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Died 1988. From the description of Papers. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82331287 ...

Vyssotsky, A. N. (Alexander N.), 1888- (person)

Oort, Jan Hendrik (person)

Astronomer (galactic structure, interstellar gas, comets). (1900-1992). Astronomer at and, from 1945, Director of the Leiden Observatory; on the faculty of University of Leiden from 192; established observational verification of galactic rotation; one of the authors of the Oort-Lindbald theory of differential galactic rotation; initiator, with Baade, of the European Southern Observatory; general secretary of the International Astronomical Union from 1935-1948, and president from 1958-1961. ...

Pease, F. G. (Francis Gladheim), 1881- (person)

Introduction Francis Gladheim Pease was one of the original staff members of the Mount Wilson Solar Observatory when it was formed in 1904. His most important contribution to the Observatory was his expertise in the design and use of astronomical instruments. Together with George W. Ritchey, Pease designed most of the equipment for the new Observatory. His most significant work was in the design of the 100-inch Hooker Telescope, the 20-foot a...

Aitken, Robert Grant, 1864-1951 (person)

Kuiper, Gerard P. (Gerard Peter), 1905-1973 (person)

Astronomical society of the pacific (corporateBody)

Kiepenheuer, K. O. (Karl Otto) (person)

Pickering, William H. (person)

Biography William H. Pickering was born in Havelock, a small town on New Zealand's South Island, in 1910. He came to the United States to study at Caltech in 1929. He received his BS from Caltech in 1932, his MS in 1933 and his PhD in Physics in 1936. William Pickering's graduate advisor was Robert Millikan. After completing his PhD, he was hired as an assistant professor in Caltech's Electrical Engineering Department. In 1944 Dr....

Luyten, Willem Jacob, 1899-1944. (person)

Kourganoff, V. (Vladimir), 1912- (person)

Carnegie Institution of Washington. (corporateBody)

Nicholson, Seth B. (Seth Barnes), 1891-1963 (person)

Seth Barnes Nicholson was born in Springfield, Illinois on November 21, 1891. He received his Bachelors in Science from Drake University, Des Moines Indiana in 1911 and his Ph.D. from the University of California in 1914. He discovered Sinope, the ninth moon of Jupiter, while observing the seventh moon, Pasiphaë, at Lick Observatory. The computation of its orbit was the subject of his Ph.D. thesis. Nicholson went on to discover three other moons of Jupiter, along with two asteroids, during his ...

Einarsson, Sturla. (person)

Herrick, Samuel, 1911-1974 (person)

Samuel Herrick, generally recognized as the found of the field of astrodymanics, was born in Madison County, Virginia, in 1911. He received a B. S. in Mathematics from Williams College in 1932 and a Ph.D. in Astronomy from the University of California at Berkeley in 1936. Most of his teaching career was spent at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Herrick served as an instructor in the Astronomy Department from 1937 to 1942; as an assistant professor from 1942 to 194...

Roemer, Elizabeth, 1929-.... (person)