Topic 9 : Interviews re external influence on the NLRB, 1968-1975.


United States. National Labor Relations Board. Topic 9 : Interviews re external influence on the NLRB, 1968-1975.

Topic 9 : Interviews re external influence on the NLRB, 1968-1975.

Congressional activities, including moves to amend the NLRA, investigations by the Byrd Committee, the Smith Committee and the Dies Committee are elucidated and the activities of the LaFollette Committee are reviewed. Executive efforts to influence the NLRB are also examined. Frances Perkins' relationship with David Saposs and Edwin Smith and the effort to place the Board under the jurisdiction of the Department of Labor are discussed, as is President Roosevelt's influence on the formation of the Board and the selection of its members. Roosevelt's efforts to influence the Board through its first chairman, J. Warren Madden, is also the subject of comment. Corporate efforts to influence or weaken the Board are examined at length. Major industrial corporations, in particular, looked at the NLRB as a threat. The constitutionality of the NLRA was challenged vigorously by the National Lawyers Committee of the Liberty League. The National Association of Manufacturers, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Liberty League and American Medical Association all voiced vigorous opposition to Board policies. Walter Lippmann also found occasion to criticize NLRB activities. Relevant respondents include Bernard Cushman, Lloyd Garrison, Herbert Glaser, Leon Keyserling, Ida Klaus, Philip Levy, Howard Lichtenstein, J. Warren Madden, Lee Pressman, Roger Robb, David Saposs and Nathan Witt. Efforts to influence the direction of the Board's policies and decisions are broadly discussed in the interviews.

12 transcripts.

Related Constellations

There are 27 Constellations related to this resource.

Levy, Philip, -1970 (person)

Philip Levy was a government official in several capacities, serving on the legal staff of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and as counsel to Senator Robert F. Wagner, and practiced private law in Washington, D.C., during a career that spanned 1934-1970. He was directly involved with the development of national labor policy in the United States in the 1930s and 1940s, and maintained a continued interest in labor policy throughout his long career. From the description of Phil...

Klaus, Ida. (person)

Liberty League. (corporateBody)

National Lawyers' Committee. (corporateBody)

Witt, Nathan. (person)

American medical association (corporateBody)

Robb, Roger (person)

Saposs, David J. (David Joseph), 1886-1968 (person)

David Joseph Saposs was the special advisor to the European Labor Division, ECA-MSA Paris, 1948-1952. From the description of Three manuscripts, and one telegram, 1954-1968. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 35819871 ...

Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965 (person)

Frances Perkins was born on April 10, 1880 (some sources say 1882) in Boston, Massachusetts. She was christened Fannie Coralie Perkins but later changed her name to Frances. She was the daughter of Frederick W. Perkins, the owner of a stationer's business, and Susan Bean Perkins. The family moved to Worcester, Massachusetts in 1882. After attending Worcester Classical High School, Perkins entered Mount Holyoke College in 1898. She was president of her class and majored in chemistry and physics, ...

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 (person)

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York. He was the son of James (lawyer, financier) and Sara (Delano) Roosevelt. He married Anna Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, 1905, and had six children: Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin Jr., John. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1904 and later attended Columbia University Law School. Roosevelt was admitted to the Bar in 1907 and worked for the Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn firm in New York City from 1907 to 19...

Cushman, Bernard. (person)

Pressman, Lee, 1906-1969 (person)

Lawyer. From the description of Reminiscences of Lee Pressman : oral history, 1958. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309723084 ...

Lichtenstein, Howard. (person)

United States. (corporateBody)

Smith, Edwin S. (Edwin Seymour), 1891-1976 (person)

Edwin S. Smith (1891-1976) served on the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) during the New Deal, as one of its original members, was a member and president of Friends of the Soviet Union, served as the personnel director of Filene's department store in Boston, and was Commissioner of Labor and Industries in Massachusetts. He also worked for the Oil Workers International Union of the CIO, and the Teachers' Division of the United Public Workers of America. When he appeared before the House Comm...

Madden, Joseph Warren, 1890-1972 (person)

Lawyer, government official. From the description of Reminiscences of Joseph Warren Madden : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309736659 ...

Lippmann, Walter, 1889-1974 (person)

American journalist and author. From the description of Typewritten letter signed, dated : Washington, D.C., 23 September 1960, to Joan Peyser, 1960 Sept. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270992594 Lippmann was an American journalist and author. From the description of Walter Lippmann letters to Hazel Albertson, 1910-1982. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612206746 From the guide to the Walter Lipmann letters to Hazel Albertson, 1910-1982., (H...

Garrison, Lloyd W. (person)

United States. National Labor Relations Board (corporateBody)

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was created in 1935 under the authority of the National Labor Relations Act (popularly known as the Wagner Act.) Its purpose was to implement and administer the Wagner Act which affirmed the right of employees to organize and designate representatives for collective bargaining. Beyond the Board's Wagner Act powers, the War Labor Disputes Act of 1943 authorized the NLRB to intervene to settle wartime labor disputes which threatened to impede war productio...

National Association of Manufacturers (U.S.) (corporateBody)

The National Association of Manufacturers (N.A.M.) was organized in January 1895 as a political lobbying organization representing the interests of America's manufacturers who wanted to maintain a high protective tariff. By the beginning of the twentieth century, N.A.M. sought to curtail the power of organized labor and maintain the open shop. During the New Deal period and World War II, N.A.M. became a significant force in the Republican coalition seeking to decrease the growing role of the sta...

Glaser, Herbert R. (person)

Keyserling, Leon H. (person)

Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America. (corporateBody)

The Chamber of Commerce of the United States traces its origins to an April 22, 1912, conference of commercial and trade organizations called by President William Howard Taft. The idea was to create an organization that could represent the interests of the business community in Washington. The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America held its first annual meeting on January 21, 1913. During the First World War the Chamber organized more than 400 War Service Co...