Charles James McDonald Furman papers, 1804-1903.


Charles James McDonald Furman papers, 1804-1903.

Correspondence, research notes, clippings, and diary, 1878-1903, (11 vol.) reflecting Furman's research in Native American archaeology, etymology, ethnology, education, Southern literature, and S.C. history, including that of African Americans, Catawba Indians and others. Letters, 21 Feb. and 24 Mar. 1881, Georgia, from poet Paul Hamilton Hayne and his wife, Mary Middleton Michel Hayne, re lack of appreciation for Southern authors; letter, 22 Oct. 1882, Greenville, S.C., from B.F. Perry, re politics of the Greenback Party and of James B. Campbell; 58 letters, 6 Jan. 1883-2 June 1885, Columbia, S.C., to his parents in Sumter County, S.C., re life as a student at USC; letter, 15 Aug. 1887, Camden, S.C., from John L. Manning re purchase of art works in Europe; letter, 13 Dec. 1891, Sewanee, Tenn., from Shirley Carter Hughson, re author and editor William Peterfield Trent. Letter, 19 Mar. 1892, [York, S.C.], from M.M. Ross, inviting Furman to publish essay re Catawba Indians in his magazine, Ross' Monthly.; 4 letters, 15 Feb. 1893-11 Jan. 1895, from Mrs. Virginia Durant Young, president of the S.C. Equal Rights Association, re women's suffrage; letter, 22 July 1895, Abbeville, S.C., from S[amuel] M. McGowan re the SC state constitutional convention. Series of letters re history of S.C. government and its promotion and preservation, including letter, 8 Mar. 1897, Newry, S.C., from William Ashmead Courtenay re proposal to establish a state historical society to publish state records and promote related projects; letter 26 Jan. 1898, Greenville, S.C., from James Alfred Hoyt, re biennial legislative sessions; 2 letters, 26 Apr. and 11 May. 1900, Washington, D.C., from James William Stokes re bill proposing preservation of S.C. government records of the colonial era; and 2 letters, 15 Feb. and 6 Mar. 1902, Charleston, S.C., re sale of McCrady's S.C. history books. Ethnographical / anthropological papers include essays re an endogamous group of Sumter County residents popularly known as "Redbones," "Turks," or "Old Issues"; these tri-racial isolate groups were thought to descend from Native American Indians, whites, free people of color, and other members of the African American community. Family names represented include the Goins, Chavis, and Oxendine families and others; ethnographical topics discussed in correspondence with Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology, and Bureau members Albert Gatschet and James A. Mooney. Newspaper clippings document Furman's interests and provide insight into his research; examples include, "The Privateer [S.C.] Redbones," published, 27 May 1896, in the Sumter Watchman and Southron newspaper; and Furman's biographical sketch of Redbone patriarch James Edward Smiling (published in The State, 27 May 1897). Smiling represented Sumter County during Reconstruction in the "radical Republican General Assembly," of 1868 to 1870. Correspondents include African American poets Mary F. Weston Fordham and George C. Rowe; historians James Mooney and Colyer Meriwether, and others; places represented include Abbeville, Anderson, Charleston, Greelyville, Stateburg, S.C.; and elsewhere. Journals, 1878-1903, consist of 11 volumes documenting Furman's life as a teenager at Cornhill Plantation in Sumter County (1878-188); attendance at Greenville Military Institute (S.C.), 1880-1882, re student life and events in Greenville, including the arrival of a circus, 4 Nov. 1881; a return to Sumter County, in 2 vol. titled "A Year at Home," re visits with former classmates, local events, trip to Charleston, S.C., to visit his brother at The Citadel, and attendance at a music festival; enrollment at U.S.C., 1883-1885, and his later life. The journals include 3 photographs of Furman and Sumter County scenes: house and outbuildings at Cornhill Plantation (1878 vol.); view of "Bethel Church, so often mentioned in the diary" 1896 (1879 vol.); and portrait, ca. 1902, "McDonald Furman, about two years before his death" (vol. 1883-1884)

1.25 linear ft. (1 carton)

Related Entities

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Furman, Charles James McDonald, 1863-1904. (person)

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S.C. Statute 1811(5)639 specified that every board of commissioners of free schools was to make a yearly return to the legislature. Governor Middleton recommended the passage of this act as a response to the systematic lack of education in the state. The first appropriation made possible 124 elementary schools for the state. As the system progressed, the term "free school" became embarrassingly exchangeable with pauper schools, because the 1811 act carried within it a written directive that an a...

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