Map of Cowman's 5th Avenue lots / made by order of I. Hey and D. Lord Executers ; drawn by Geo. Wm. Smith ; copied by Geo. Gibbs. 1845 Jan 19.
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John Jacob Astor organized the American Fur Company in 1808, and the Pacific Fur Company in 1810. In the spring of 1811 he established a post at Astoria on the Columbia River, but sold it to British interests in 1813. By 1817 Astor had gained control of all the Mississippi Valley posts of the Northwest and Southwest Companies. The Columbia Fur Company, one of Astor's major competitors, was absorbed in 1827. By 1834 Astor tired of the fur business and sold all of his interests. From t...
George Gibbs, a New York lawyer, joined the Regiment of Mounted Rifles in 1849, went to Fort Vancouver, Washington, and remained in the Pacific Northwest for the next eleven years. During that time he held a number of positions, including that of an ethnologist and geologist with the Northern Pacific segment of the U.S. Army railroad survey from 1853 to 1855, and the Northwest boundary survey of the Northwest Boundary Commission from 1857 to 1860. He wrote numerous works on Indian languages and ...