Staff notes from the Houghton Geological Survey, 1838-1848.


Staff notes from the Houghton Geological Survey, 1838-1848.

Series 2 of record group 79-44 consists of staff notes from the Houghton Geological Survey for the years 1838-1848. This series consists of four kinds of records. The first is an "Abstract of geological field notes of Bela Hubbard, Mich., 1838-1841." Hubbard notes his travels through Wayne, Monroe, Lenawee, Hillsdale, Branch, Livingston, Genesee, St. Joseph, Cass, Berrien, Shiawassee, Clinton, Barry, Lapeer, Macomb, and St. Clair, describing soil types, geology, springs, topography, resources, and primary economic activities. The series also includes a colored geological section of the eastern lower Peninsula, which in turn is followed by Hubbard's "Notes on the geological survey on Lake Superior." This is an account of a trip along the southern shore as far west as LaPointe in 1840, from which was prepared some illustrations, 12 maps of the coast, and 35 pages of text. The third item is a "Catalogue of plants collected by William A. Burt, Esqr., on the primitive region south of Lake Superior in 1846" (botanical report prepared by Dr. Dennis Cooley). The last item is a "geological report" by Sylvester W. Higgins on parts of Ontonagon County (1848), covering such matters as rock origins, modifying processes, stratigraphic characteristics, and mineral deposits and includes drawings of fossils and profiles of rock formations.

.2 cu. ft.


SNAC Resource ID: 7608969

State Archive of Michigan

Related Entities

There are 6 Entities related to this resource.

Houghton Expedition (1840) (corporateBody)

Burt, William Austin, 1792-1858 (person)

Born in Worcester, Massachusetts, June 13, 1792; received a good education; was for some time an engineer in Erie, New York; came to Michigan, 1822; member of territorial council, 1826-27; settled in Washtenaw County, 1824; engaged in mill-building and local surveying, 1824-33; County surveyor, Macomb Co., 1831-34; Postmaster of Mt. Vernon for 24 years; invented solar compass; surveyed Upper Peninsula 1840-27; discovered 20 beds of iron ore, 1844-46; representative from Macomb County, 1853-1843;...

Cooley, Dennis, 1787-1860. (person)

Michigan. Geological Survey Division (corporateBody)

The Michigan Geological Survey was created by Public Act 20 of 1837. Its purpose was to conduct a geological and mineralogical survey of the state. The state legislature appointed Douglass Houghton the first state geologist (1837). In 1921, the state legislature established the Department of Conservation, and the Michigan Geological Survey became part of that department (Public Act 17 of 1921). The Department of Conservation established the Geological Survey Division circa 1947. In 1968, the dep...

Hubbard, Bela, 1814-1896 (person)

Born in Hamilton, New York on April 23, 1814, Bela Hubbard was the son of Thomas H. Hubbard. He came to Detroit in 1835. Bela Hubbard married Sarah E. Baughman of Adrian, Michigan on March 2, 1848. After his admission to the Michigan Bar in 1842, Hubbard practiced law for a time with Charles Collins, but he soon gave up the law to devote his time to real estate. Hubbard was selected as assistant geologist of Michigan by Douglass Houghton when the geological survey of Michigan was reorganized, 18...

Higgins, Sylvester W. (person)