Natural history manuscripts collected by Cromwell Mortimer, 1746-1749.


Natural history manuscripts collected by Cromwell Mortimer, 1746-1749.

The collection consists of manuscripts and letters on scientific subjects collected for publication in the transactions of the Royal Society and annotated by Mortimer as follows. The collection contains "An account of the remarkable case and cure of a woman, from whom a foetus was extracted, that had been lodged thirteen years in one of the Fallopian Tubes" by James Mounsey, M.D., a physician to the Russian Army. With these is an abstract of Mounsey's account by Henry Baker to accompany his presentation of the bones to the Royal Society. In a letter to Martin Folkes, Baker discusses Mounsey's observations on the concretions called "Crabs' Eyes" in the stomachs of crayfish and his conclusion that the Quab fish is not the third stage in the development of the frog. A letter from John Ellicott to Martin Folkes, with an annotation by Folkes, concerns a memoire by Abbé Nollet on the effects of "electrical effluvia" on plants and animals. A partial letter by Abbé Nollet to Martin Folkes, discusses electrical phenomena. A partial manuscript (lacks first four pages) by Sir William Watson discusses electrical experiments including those conducted by Benjamin Franklin "an ingenious gentleman ... in Pennsylvania." A letter from Maurice Johnson to James Jurin, concerns a metallic thermometer in the Museum of the Spalding Gentleman's Society, and is accompanied by a sketch, and a note by Mortimer in which he claims to have constructed a thermometer in 1735 and reported it to Buffon. A copy of a letter to the President of the Royal Society from the Rev. Richard Pococke, describes the Giant's Causeway, County Antrim, Ireland. An abstract of a letter from Father Buonaventura Suares to Dr. Jacob de Castro Sarmento, discusses moons of Jupiter and lunar eclipses. With it are a printed page on lunar eclipses in Paraguay in 1708 and a manuscripts on solar eclipses, 1706-1730. A manuscript by Thomas Simpson describes "the motion of projectiles near the Earth's surface considered independent of the properties of the conic sections" with accompanying diagrams designed for "gentlemen employed in the practice of gunnery." An abstract of a letter from William Anderson to [Henry?] Baker, concerns the hearing of fish. The Revd. Mr. [Thomas?] Birch copies and transcribes an inscription from a Roman altar found upon the moor at Stanhope in the Bishopric of Durham.

16 (ca.) items.





SNAC Resource ID: 7598758

University of Virginia. Library

Related Entities

There are 14 Entities related to this resource.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 (person)

Benjamin Franklin FRS FRSA FRSE (January 17, 1706 [O.S. January 6, 1706] – April 17, 1790) was an American polymath who was active as a writer, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, printer, publisher and political philosopher. Among the leading intellectuals of his time, Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, a drafter and signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, and the first United States postmaster general. As a scientist, he was a major figure in ...

Anderson, W. (William), 1746-1830 (person)

Nollet, abbé (Jean Antoine), 1700-1770. (person)

Suarez, Bonaventura, b. 1680, (person)

Ellicott, John, 1706-1772 (person)

Pococke, Richard, 1704-1765 (person)

Mounsey, James, fl. 1747-1748. (person)

Castro Sarmento, Jacob ˜deœ 1692-1762 (person)

Simpson, Thomas, 1710-1761 (person)

Folkes, Martin, 1690-1754 (person)

Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and natural philosopher. From the description of Martin Folkes manuscript material : 1 item, 1749 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 218524198 From the guide to the Martin Folkes manuscript material : 1 item, 1749, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.) ...

Mortimer, Cromwell, -1752 (person)

Baker, Henry, 1698-1774 (person)

British naturalist, poet and editor. From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to an unidentified recipient, 1758 June 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270623223 ...

Johnson, Maurice. (person)

Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc, comte de, 1707-1788 (person)

French naturalist. From the description of Letter signed : "Au Jardin du Roi," [Paris], to the Comte de Tressan, 1775 May 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270537605 From the description of Document signed : Paris, 1781 May 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270536661 From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p., Montbard?], to Mme. Necker, 1779 Mar. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270525278 From the description of Letter signed : "Au Jardin d...