Oral history interview with Adolph Germer, 1960.
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Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations (University of Michigan--Wayne State University). Unionism in the Automobile Industry Project.
Organizer for the United Mine Workers and later, the CIO. From the description of Oral history interview with Adolph Germer, 1960. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32321347 Mr. Germer was born in Welan, Germany In 1881 and came to the United States in 1888. His father was a miner, and Adolph went to work in the coal mines of Staunton, Illinois, when he was eleven years old. He joined the United Mine Workers of America ...
The Committee for Industrial Organization was formed by the presidents of eight international unions in 1935. The presidents of these unions were dissatisfied with the American Federation of Labor's unwillingness to commit itself to a program of organizing industrial unions. In 1936, the A.F. of L. suspended the ten unions which proceeded to organize an independent federation, the Congress of Industrial Organizations. The CIO subsequently became the A.F. of L.'s chief rival for the leadership of...
Mary Harris, reportedly born May 1, 1830, but more likely born in 1836, in Cork, Ireland, was an active participant in the labor movement in the United States for nearly sixty years. Before acquiring the name "Mother" Jones and perceived as the "Miners' Angel," Mary Harris had taught in Catholic schools in Michigan and Tennessee, had married George Jones and had four children. By 1867, Jones had lost her family to a yellow fever epidemic in Memphis, Tennessee. By the 1870s, "Mother" Jones began ...