Papers of James Augustin Brown Scherer, 1916-1943 (bulk 1916-1918)


Scherer, James A. B. (James Augustin Brown), 1870-1944. Papers of James Augustin Brown Scherer, 1916-1943 (bulk 1916-1918)

Papers of James Augustin Brown Scherer, 1916-1943 (bulk 1916-1918)

The bulk of the collection centers on Scherer's work with the Council of National Defense during the First World War. There are two and half boxes of documents which had been previously collected in two large volumes. The original arrangement (by date) has been retained for both collections (labeled "Bulletins" and "General Letters," respectively) in cataloged form. The "General Letters" collection is the most extensive; it comprises the entirety of Box 2 and the first half of Box 3. In some cases - due to the similarity of their subject material - two or more consecutive listings in the index have been cataloged together in one folder. There are two smaller collections labeled "Noteworthy Activities Undertaken by State Councils" and "I.C.A. Circulars." These two smaller document collections have their own folders in Box 3. All four contain an index - those for the two still-bound collections list the bulletins in the reverse order of their appearance. The two large volumes have been cataloged in the order listed in their indexes. The collection also has one box of semi-cataloged manuscripts, correspondence, and ephemera. In addition to directives on the formation of community-level patriotic organizations and meetings, Americanization programs, and fuel and food conservation for the war effort, the box also contains Scherer's travel itinerary from his tour of State Councils of National Defense early in the war. The box also contains a bevy of newspaper clippings covering Scherer's criticism of the Hearst newspaper syndicate and his resignation following an order from the Secretary of War to end his criticism. Most of the unbound council of National Defense documents are stamped "For Information Only; No Action Desired" - all dated after Scherer had stepped down. The collection"s ephemera includes a number of Council of National Defense pamphlets, advertisements, and news clippings. Subjects in the collection include: African-Americans; Americanization; American Red Cross; liberty bonds; military training camps; Newton Baker; patriotism; rationing; sedition; preventive medicine, U.S. Department of Agriculture; World War I propaganda; war risk insurance; and William Randolph Hearst.

452 items.

Related Constellations

There are 6 Constellations related to this resource.

United States. Department of Agriculture (corporateBody)

The United States Department of Agriculture was established in 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln and was elevated to a Cabinet level organization by President Grover Cleveland in 1889. The Department of Agriculture assists farmers and producers of food as well as creating policies and programs related to food distribution and nutrition information. The United States Department of Agriculture controls a number of regional offices through out the continential United States and its territories....

Hearst, William Randolph, 1863-1951 (person)

Epithet: American newspaper proprietor British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000303.0x000339 American journalist, publisher, and politician. From the description of William Randolph Hearst papers, 1874-1951 (bulk 1927-1947). (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 26643556 American newspaper publisher. From the description of Letters : of William Randolph Hearst, 191...

Scherer, James A. B. (James Augustin Brown), 1870-1944 (person)

James Augustin Brown Scherer (aka James A.B. Scherer) was born in Salisbury, North Carolina on May 22, 1870 to the Rev. Simeon Scherer and Harriet Isabella Brown. After earning his bachelor's degree from Roanoke College, Scherer accepted a position teaching English at the Japanese Imperial Government school in Saga, Japan. While serving in this post, he met Bessie Brown, a native of Yamaguchi, Japan, whom he wed on July 5, 1894. He also began a lifelong interest in the Japanese peop...

United States. Council of National Defense (corporateBody)

Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937 (person)

Secretary of War during WWI From the guide to the Newton D. Baker letters, 1918, 1920, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) American statesman. From the description of Letter : Cleveland, to Edna Mannheimer, 1912 Jan. 9. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122349032 Baker was city solicitor (1903-1911) and mayor (1912-1916) of Cleveland, Ohio and U. S. Secretary ...

American Red Cross (corporateBody)

On December 2, 1905, Mrs. Tunis G. Bergen brought together a group of Brooklyn residents at the Barnard Club House on Remsen Street to form New York City's first borough-based Red Cross organization. With an initial membership roster of 300, the Brooklyn Chapter of the American Red Cross embarked on its first major campaign to aid victims of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, collecting over $100,000 and thousands of articles of clothing to contribute to the relief effort. From this point on, th...