Papers : of Harry Baylor Taylor and his wife, Alma Booth Taylor, 1761-1966 (bulk 1896-1966).


Papers : of Harry Baylor Taylor and his wife, Alma Booth Taylor, 1761-1966 (bulk 1896-1966).

The collection consists chiefly of the correspondence of Harry Baylor Taylor, his wife, Alma Booth Taylor, and their childresn Helen Wickham Taylor, Mary Booth Taylor Hollowell, Harry Baylor Taylor, and Beverley Conway Taylor Gilliam. The letters describe the life of the family in Anking, China where Taylor worked at St. James Hospital, a mission of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the U.S.A. There are descriptions of local life and customs, routine activities at the missionary compound, medical and surgical work both at the hospital and in famine relief, summer vacations in Kuling, China, and the mission's evangelistic work. Of interest are accounts of how the political events which shaped modern China affected Dr. Taylor's work including the Revolution of 1911 in which he helped the Imperial Governor of Anking escape the city. Other accounts include those of the occupation by the Nationalist Southern Army and his forced evacuation, his 1929 return and rebuilding, the Japanese conquest, the U.S.S. Panay incident and his efforts to rescue the survivors, the family's evacuation from Kuling, his 1942 house arrest and prison camp life. Also included are accounts of his 1943 repatriation, intervening years at Berea College, Berea, Ky., the return of the family to China in 1947, occupation by the communists in 1949, and his forced return to the U.S, in 1951. During the 1930s and 1940s there are letters from Alma in Charlottesville, Va., and from the children at camp and school, including Chatham Hall, Chatham, Va.; Sweet Briar College, Sweet Briar, Va.; University of Virginia Medical School; and Virginia Episcopal High School, Lynchburg, Va. Of interest are letters from Helen as an exchange student at St, Andrew's school, Fife, Scotland. The correspondence is supplemented by Taylor's diaries, speeches and articles by him and his wife, news clippings, photographs, a copy of a 1938 speech by Chiang Kai-shek, the District of Anking newsletter, 1925-1941, and its successor Free Wan-Kan, 1942-44, souvenirs including Japanese propaganda posters, and two copies of Taylor's autobiography My cup runneth over. The collection also contains a letter form Charles Carroll to Charles Carroll about the latter's opinion of women; a diary, 1863, of John Cowdery Taylor concerning the siege of Vicksburg, and a summary of his war service including imprisonment at Ft. Lafayette, N.Y. harbor.

9,600 items.


SNAC Resource ID: 7274460

University of Virginia. Library

Related Entities

There are 5 Entities related to this resource.

Taylor, Alma Booth (person)

Taylor, Harry Baylor, 1882-1971, (person)

Taylor family. (family)

Berea College (corporateBody)

Although the sources of photographs are not always indicated, the bulk was apparently generated in the Berea College Publicity Department and the College News Bureau. In addition, portions of the photographs were donated by individuals, most of whom have some connection with the College. Chief among these is Roy N. Walters who was dean of the Berea College Foundation School from 1943 to 1968. Walters established the College Publicity Department in 1933 and was an unofficial campus photographer t...

Chatham Hall (Chatham, Va.) (corporateBody)