Papers of Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, 1928-1993.

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Hodgkin, Dorothy, 1910-1994. Papers of Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, 1928-1993.

Papers of Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, 1928-1993.

The papers provide a very full record of Dorothy Hodgkin's career, research and wider professional and public responsibilities. Biographical material includes records of Hodgkin's career, honours and awards, 1928-1990, including documentation of the award of the Nobel Prize, later family and personal correspondence and drafts of an unfinished autobiography. Research material forms by far the largest component in the collection and comprises very extensive documentation of the major topics of insulin, penicillin and vitamin B12 covering a period of sixty years from about 1928 to 1988. Most of the material was found in Hodgkin's box folders whose contents included correspondence, drafts for reports and publications, notebooks, notes and data. J.D. Bernal, with whom Hodgkin worked in Cambridge 1932-1934, and very many of her later collaborators including C.W. Bunn (penicillin) and E.L. Smith (vitamin B12) are represented in the papers by correspondence, drafts, notes and data. Although not extensive there is useful documentation of Hodgkin's Oxford University career including teaching in the 1940s and 1950s, her tenure of the Wolfson Research Professorship of the Royal Society, 1960-1977, the funding and administration of her research and the provision of equipment and supplies including the use of computer facilities at other institutions in the UK and USA and their development at Oxford. There are chronological sequences of material relating to Hodgkin's scientific publications and public lectures and substantial assemblages of material relating to her Royal Society memoirs of J.D. Bernal and Kathleen Lonsdale. There is documentation of Hodgkin's involvement with 16 British and international societies and organizations including Bristol University, the British Association for the Advancement of Science, the Institute of Physics, especially its X-ray Analysis Group established 1943, the International Union of Crystallography and the Royal Society. Her major commitments to Bristol University, where she was Chancellor for nearly twenty years, and to the International Union, which she served as President and whose congresses she attended 1948-1993, are particularly well documented. There is a chronological sequence of material relating to Hodgkin's scientific visits and conferences, 1936-1993, though the great bulk of the material is from the period after the award of the Nobel Prize in 1964. There is evidence for example of her interest in maintaining scientific contacts with the USSR and China during the Cold War and of visa difficulties in respect of visiting the USA during the same period. There is also documentation of the wide range of peace and humanitarian causes with which Hodgkin was involved. Represented are her major commitments to the Medical Aid Committee for Vietnam and Pugwash movement and other organizations and topics including the J.D. Bernal Peace Library, Palestine, Russian dissidents and Scientists Against Nuclear Arms (SANA). There is an extensive scientific correspondence in which many of her distinguished mentors and contemporaries are represented such as J.D. Bernal, W.L. Bragg, J.W. Cornforth, P.P. Ewald, I. Fankuchen, H. Lipson, Kathleen Lonsdale, A.L. Patterson, Linus Pauling, M.F. Perutz, Robert Robinson, R.L.M. Synge and Dorothy Wrinch, and very many of the younger scientists from Britain and overseas who researched in various capacities in her laboratory. The sequence is also noteworthy for the significant number of women scientists who trained in Hodgkin' laboratory. Non-textual material in the collection includes photographs, photographic slides and sound recordings. There are photographs of Hodgkin and scientific colleagues including J.D. Bernal, I. Fankuchen, H.M. Powell and other colleagues from the Oxford laboratory, P.L. Kapitza and F.H.C. Crick, a photograph album recording Pugwash occasions, 1969-1988, photographic slides for Hodgkin's lectures especially on insulin and vitamin B12 and sound recordings including the 1973 Nobel Guest Lecture and her Chancellor's Address to the Bristol University Education Department in 1974.

Related Constellations

There are 17 Constellations related to this resource.

Bernal, J. D. (John Desmond), 1901-

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John Desmond Bernal, 1901-1971. Physicist (crystallography), Professor of physics at Birkbeck College, 1937-1963 and professor of crystallography at Birkbeck from 1963-1968. He published books and pamphlets on the role that science could play in society. He was a founder member of the World Peace Council, holding the presidency from 1958-1965. He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize, 1958. From the description of Papers, 1950-1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80453315 Crysta...

Medical Aid Committee for Vietnam

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Hodgkin, Dorothy, 1910-1994

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Hodgkin was educated at Sir John Lehman School, Beccles and Somerville College, Oxford. Apart from two years research at Cambridge University after graduation she remained in Oxford for the rest of her career. She combined teaching chemistry at Somerville with research at the highest level. She became University lecturer and demonstrator in 1946, University Reader in X-ray crystallography in 1956 and from 1960 to official retirement in 1977, Wolfson Research Professor of the Royal Society. Hodgk...

Institute of Physics (Great Britain)

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University of Bristol

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The University of Bristol started life as University College, Bristol, in 1876, following a meeting held in the Victoria Rooms to found a centre for higher learning in the city of Bristol. As a subsidiary to the College, the Day Training College for the training of schoolteachers was founded at 21 Berkeley Square under Marian Pease in 1892. In 1893 the Bristol Medical School (founded 1833) was incorporated into the College as its Medical Faculty. Though University College had allowe...

Pugwash (Organization)

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Bragg, William Lawrence, sir, 1890-1971

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Physicist (x-ray diffraction, crystallography). On physics faculty at the University of Manchester (1919-1937), and Cambridge University (1938-1953); director of Royal Institution, London (1954-1966); and Nobel Prize in Physics (1915). From the description of Selected reprints, 1920-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78933069 Sir William Lawrence Bragg. Education: St. Peter's College (Austrailia); B.S., Mathematics, Adelaide University (1908); Natural Sciences, Trinity Col...

Wrinch, Dorothy, 1894-1976

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Crystallographer, biochemist, mathematician, and physicist. From the description of Papers, 1919-1975. (American Institute of Physics). WorldCat record id: 79752694 Dorothy Wrinch with students at Smith College, 1965-1966 Dorothy Maud Wrinch was a chemist, biologist, and physicist most famous for her development of the cyclol theory. Throughout her career, she used her background in mathematics to apply math to biology, and was an important early fi...

International Union of Crystallography.

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The Union was founded in 1947 to advance international cooperation in crystallography; contribute to the advancement of the field in all aspects including non-crystalline states; promote international publication of crystallographic research; facilitate international standardization of methods, units, nomenclature, and symbols used in crystallography; and form a focus for the relations of crystallography to other sciences. From the description of Records of Paul Peter Ewald, 1936-196...

Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994

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Born in Portland, Oregon on 28 February 1901. Died on 19 August 1994. Education: B.S., Chemical Engineering, Oregon State College (1922), Ph.D., Physical Chemistry and Mathematical Physics, California Institute of Technology (1925). Employment: 1925-1926 National Research Council; 1926-1927 Universities of Münich, Zürich, and Copenhagen; 1922-1969 California Institute of Technology; 1969- Stanford University; 1973-1979 Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine. From the descr...

Royal Society (Great Britain)

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The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge began in 1645 when a group of eminent British thinkers started to meet regularly in London to discuss the new, experimental philosophies of science. Though the English Civil War and the Cromwellian Protectorate interrupted its meetings, the Society was formally constituted in 1660. Two years later King Charles II granted the Society its first charter. A second royal charter was granted in 1663 when the Society was given its official nam...

Bunn, C. W. (Charles William)

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Crick, Francis, 1916-2004

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Francis Harry Compton Crick was born on June 8, 1916 in Weston Favell, a district of Northampton, in central England. At age 18, Crick attended University College London (UCL). In 1937, he was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree, second honors, in Physics with a minor in mathematics. With family financial aid, Crick began graduate study at UCL until the outbreak of World War II interrupted his studies. Crick's war work involved research on magnetic and acoustic mines for the British Admiralty. ...

Kapia, P.L. (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-

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Harper, Peter.

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University of Cambridge.

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Harvard University celebrated its 250th anniversary in 1886. Many institutions of higher education, governments, and individuals sent greetings and congratulations to commemorate the occasion. This seal accompanied greetings from the University of Cambridge, England, to the university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. From the description of Sigillum coe cancellarii mror et scholariu Universitat Cantebrigie, 1886. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 228509847 The University...

University of Oxford.

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University of Oxford From the guide to the University of Oxford Musical Exercises, 1890, (Bodleian Library, University of Oxford) Not applicable. From the guide to the Typescript Theses, 1910-55, (Bodleian Library, University of Oxford) Rev. Samuel Myles graduated from Harvard College in 1684. From the description of Diploma : manuscript, 1693 July 14. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612804731 ...