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The International Workingmen's Association (IWA) was organized in London at a mass meeting of European trade unionists in 1864. Karl Marx was elected to the General Council and he organized the International as a propaganda vehicle for international socialism. Until about 1869 the International concentrated on organizing trade unions. After that the International became interested in gaining support for itself in the United States. It found support in two rival factions of American socialists, t...
Born in Saxony; took part in the revolution of 1848; emigrated, eventually to the USA in 1852; cofounder of the Communist Club in New York in 1857; founded a section of the International Working Men's Association (IWMA) in 1867; member of the IWMA North American Federation in 1871; secretary of the IWMA's General Council in New York 1872-1874; influential in the Workingmen's Party of the United States 1876 (in 1877: Socialist Labor Party), resigned when Lassalleans took over in 1877; wrote for D...