Jonas Salk Papers, 1926 - 1991


Jonas Salk Papers, 1926 - 1991

Papers of a noted physician, virologist, humanitarian, and founder of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego, California. Salk is best known for his development of the world's first successful vaccine for the prevention of poliomyelitis, licensed in the U.S. in 1955. He has also conducted important research in the prevention and treatment of influenza, multiple sclerosis, cancer, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. He served on the faculty of the University of Michigan (1942-1947), the University of Pittsburgh (1947-1963), and as Director of the Salk Institute (1963-1975). His numerous writings have appeared in scholarly and popular journals, and he is the author or co-author of five books, including MAN UNFOLDING (1972) and THE SURVIVAL OF THE WISEST (1973). He has worked for a wide variety of humanitarian efforts, and has served on the board of directors of many organizations, including the MacArthur Foundation, the Dreyfus Fund, and the Epoch B Foundation. The Salk Papers constitute an exhaustive source of documentation of Dr. Salk's professional activities, but very few materials relating to his personal life can be found in the collection. Most of the papers cover the period from the mid-1940s to the early 1980s. Best documented are Dr. Salk's activities from the mid-1950s to the early 1960s -- activities largely related to the development of the Salk polio vaccine. The papers include general correspondence, files relating to polio, subject files, writings by Dr. Salk, photographs, artifacts, and research materials. Also included in the collection are materials created by Dr. Salk's laboratory staff members and papers generated by offices of the Salk Institute. Prominent correspondents include Basil O'Connor and other officers and staff of the National Foundation - March of Dimes; immunologists Thomas Francis and Albert Sabin; physicist and biologist Leo Szilard; mathematician and philosopher Jacob Bronowski; architect Louis Kahn; and other important figures in the worlds of art, science, education, public administration, and humanitarianism.The papers are arranged in ten series: 1) GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 2) POLIO FILES, 3) SUBJECT FILES, 4) WRITINGS, LECTURES AND INTERVIEWS, 5) PHOTOGRAPHS AND OTHER IMAGES, 6) SALK INSTITUTE FILES, 7) FILES OF OTHERS, 8) AWARDS, HONORS AND CERTIFICATES, 9) MISCELLANY, and 10) RESEARCH MATERIALS.Additions to the Jonas Salk Papers processed in 1995 primarily document Salk's fundamental role in the revival of the live versus killed polio-vaccine debate in the mid 1970s and 1980s. Also included in this accession are materials related to the internal affairs of the Salk Institute, dated 1982-1989, files that document the work of the San Diego Growth Management Task Force put together in 1984 by Mayor Roger Hedgecock, materials related to Salk's interest in developing a vaccine for HIV, and files pertaining to Salk's advisory role on a broad range of committees and foundations. The papers include a large correspondence series, polio subject files, writings by Dr. Salk, reports, research materials, and photographs. Some notable correspondents found in this accession are Robert Aldrich, Francis Crick, Indira and Kishone Gandhi, Albert Gore, Roger Guilleman, Robert Hamburger, Armand Hammer, Orrin Hatch, Arnold Mandell, Ronald Reagan, and Herbert York. The papers date 1941-1991, with the bulk of the material dating in the 1970s and 1980s. The papers occupy 34 linear feet and are arranged in ten series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) WRITINGS AND LECTURES, 3) POLIO SUBJECT FILES, 4) CONFERENCES, 5) SAN DIEGO GROWTH MANAGEMENT TASK FORCE MATERIALS, 6) SALK INSTITUTE FILES, 7) NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, INTERVIEWS, AND EPHEMERA, 8) AWARDS, 9) PHOTOGRAPHS, and 10) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.

316.10 linear feet; (573 archives boxes, 38 card file boxes, 13 records cartons, 76 art bin items, and 176 oversize folders)



SNAC Resource ID: 6654094

Related Entities

There are 14 Entities related to this resource.

Francis, Thomas, 1900- (person)

Thomas Francis, Jr., 1900-1969, professor of epidemiology at the University of Michigan, 1941-1969, was best known for his work in the development of the influenza and poliomyelitis vaccinations. Educated at Allegheny College and Yale Medical School, Francis' work centered around the study of the causes of infectious disease, especially pneumonia, influenza, and poliomyelitis, and the development of serum treatments for these diseases. The Twentieth Century witnessed a r...

Salk, Jonas Edward, 1914-1995 (person)

Biochemical researcher and physician. Salk was an alumnus of City College, Class of 1934. From the description of Memorabilia, [ca. 1934-1965] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155503820 Noted physician, virologist, and humanitarian, best known for development of the first poliomyelitis vaccine. Founder of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. Served on the faculty of the Univ. of Michigan (1942-1963...

Crick, Francis, 1916-2004 (person)

Francis Harry Compton Crick was born on June 8, 1916 in Weston Favell, a district of Northampton, in central England. At age 18, Crick attended University College London (UCL). In 1937, he was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree, second honors, in Physics with a minor in mathematics. With family financial aid, Crick began graduate study at UCL until the outbreak of World War II interrupted his studies. Crick's war work involved research on magnetic and acoustic mines for the British Admiralty. ...

Sabin, Albert B. (Albert Bruce), 1906- (person)

Dr. Albert Sabin, developer of the oral, live virus polio vaccine, began his career in biomedical research in 1926 while still a student at New York University where he received his M.D. degree. He worked at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research from 1935-1939. From 1939 through 1969, Dr. Sabin was successively Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Professor of Research Pediatrics, and Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and The Children's Ho...

Szilard, Leo (person)

Leo Szilard was a nuclear physicist, biologist and advocate of global arms control. Aaron Novick is a biophysicist. From 1948 to 1952, they jointly investigated the genetics and physiology of bacteria and viruses at the Institute of Radiology and Physics (University of Chicago). From the description of Research files, 1948-1969. (University of California, San Diego). WorldCat record id: 37952289 Gertrud Weiss studied medicine at the University of Vienna. After completing her...

Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990 (person)

Business executive and art collector. From the description of Armand Hammer papers, circa 1508-1989. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71072183 Armand Hammer, b. 1897; d. 1990, Art collector of United States. From the description of Oral history interview with Armand Hammer, 1980 Aug. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 646395739 Armand Hammer (1898-1990) was an art collector from Los Angeles, Calif. From the description of Oral history interview...

Salk Institute for Biological Studies (corporateBody)

Kahn, Louis I., 1901-1974 (person)

Louis I. Kahn was born in Estonia and raised in Philadelphia. He was trained in architecture in the Beaux-Arts tradition at the University of Pennsylvania under Paul Philippe Cret. As a mature architect, Kahn was distinguished from his contemporaries (in a period dominated by the International Style) by his unique personal philosophy of architecture and a style marked by a profound sense of history and pure geometry in design and the texture of materials in construction. His legacy is as much in...

Institut Merieux (corporateBody)

Romine, John S. (person)

Bronowski, Jacob, 1908-1974 (person)

Jacob Bronowski, a mathematician by training, was well known for his work in literature, intellectual history and the philosophy of science. At his death in 1974, Bronowski was Research Professor and Fellow of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego, California and Director of the Council for Biology in Human Affairs there. At the Salk Institute, which he joined in 1964, Bronowski's field of research was 'human specificity', that is, the analysis of those functions which character...

Merieux, Charles (person)

O'Connor, Basil, 1892-1972 (person)

Farley was born in 1890 and died in 1972. He graduated from Dartmouth College and Harvard Law School and was admitted to the bar in 1916. In 1925 he formed a law partnership in New York, N.Y. with Franklin D. Roosevelt, which lasted until 1933. When Roosevelt was elected President of the U.S. O'Connor was active in the U.S. Democratic Party and was also active in social welfare work. He was president of the American Red Cross and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. O'Connor is consi...

Lewis, L. James (person)