Peyton Rous Papers Circa 1917-1970


Peyton Rous Papers Circa 1917-1970

For his pioneering research on the link between viruses and cancer, the pathologist Francis Peyton Rous was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1966. Working primarily at the Rockefeller Institute after 1909, Rous first came to notice for his theoretical construction of the first blood bank for use in France during World War I, a plan ultimately implemented by his assistant, Oswald H. Robertson. Subsequently, he left an important imprint on the development of experimental medicine, partly through his own research on the origins of cancer and his administrative activities at the Rockefeller, but also as editor of the from 1921-1970. The Rous Papers include correspondence, lectures, articles, reports, laboratory records, reprints, and photographs that document all aspects of the life and work of Peyton Rous. Reflecting his work at the Institute are letters of colleagues, information on assistants, and reports to the directors (1909-1959). Additional material relates to Rous' diverse organizational interests, including the American Cancer Society, Century Association, Jane Coffin Childs Memorial Fund for Medical Research (at Yale University), Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Johns Hopkins University, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, New York Academy of Medicine, Royal Society of Medicine Foundation, and Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research. Journal of Experimental Medicine

61.0 Linear feet


SNAC Resource ID: 6631806

Related Entities

There are 66 Entities related to this resource.

New York Academy of Medicine (corporateBody)

Blackwells Island is the former name of Welfare Island in New York. From the description of Miscellaneous hospitals' records, [ca. 1770-1962] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155497904 ...

MacNider, William de Berniere, 1881-1951 (person)

William de Berniere MacNider, physician, pharmacologist, and medical educator, was born in Chapel Hill, the son of Virginius St. Clair and Sophia Beatty Mallett MacNider. Both his father and his grandfather were physicians. In 1898 MacNider enrolled in The University of North Carolina, where he was graduated in the first class of the medical school with a doctor of medicine degree in 1903. Returning from special medical studies at the University of Chicago and Case Western Reserve,...

Corner, George Washington, 1889-1981 (person)

George Washington Corner worked as a medical historian in addition to anatomist and endocrinologist. From the guide to the Great Leaders in American Medicine; Dr. George Washington Corner, 1974., 1974, (American Philosophical Society) George Washington Corner was an anatomist, endocrinologist, and medical historian. From the description of Papers, 1903-1982. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122440080 From the description of G...

Smith, Frederick (person)

Cutler, Richard B. (person)

Wyckoff, Ralph W. G. (Ralph Walter Graystone), 1897-1994 (person)

Wycoff died in 1994. From the description of Reminiscences of Ralph W. G. Wyckoff, ca. 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78201735 ...

Blankenhorn, Marion A. (Marion Arthur), 1885- (person)

Cincinnati-born, Blankenhorn received his M.D. from Western Reserve in 1914. Prior to World War I, he was an intern and resident physician at Lakeside Hospital in Cleveland. He joined Base Hospital No. 4 when it was formed at Lakeside Hospital in 1917. In 1935 he became director of the Medical Department at Cincinnati General Hospital. Hepatic and blood diseases, and deficiency diseases were his primary area of interest. From the description of Marion A. Blankenhorn papers, 1916-1918...

Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975 (person)

Scientist and educator, Detlev W. Bronk was born in New York City in 1897. He received the B.A. from Swarthmore College in 1920, the M.S. in physics in 1922, and the Ph.D. in physics and physiology, both from the University of Michigan. From 1928 to 1929, as a Fellow of the National Research Council, he conducted studies with English scientists E.D. Adrian and A. V. Hill on the mode of discharge of impulses by motor nerve cells and shed light on many problems of sensory physiology a...

Rous, Peyton; Kidd, John G. ; and Friedewald, William F. (person)

Robertson, O. H. (Oswald Hope), 1886-1966 (person)

Oswald Hope Robertson was a physician and naturalist. He worked mostly at the Rockefeller Institute, the Peking Union Medical College, and the University of Chicago (Professor of Medicine, 1927-1951). Robertson investigated pneumonia and the disinfection of air with glycol vapors. He also studied the biology of salomonoid fishes. Robertson is acknowledged as the creator of the first blood bank for use in France during World War I. From the description of Papers, 1918-1968. (American ...

Dean, Henry R. (person)

McDermott, Walsh, 1909-1981 (person)

Physician. McDermott (d. 1981) was Chair, Dept. of Public Health, New York Hospital; Associate Professor of Medicine, Cornell University Medical Center; and Senior Officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. From the description of Papers, 1922-1982, 1972-1981 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122513922 ...

Rous, Peyton and Rogers, Stansfield (person)

Federation of American societies for experimental biology (corporateBody)

Rous, Peyton, Grey et al. (person)

Royal Society of Medicine Foundation (corporateBody)

Hevesy, Georg ˜vonœ 1885-1966 (person)

Chemist (radioactivity, isotope separation). Associate at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Copenhagen (1920-1926, 1934-1943); on the physical chemistry faculty at Universität Freiburg im Breisgau (1926-1935) and associate at the Institute for Research in Organic Chemistry from 1943. From the description of Lectures, 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78354780 From the description of Lectures [microform], 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83426747 ...

Gilding, Henry P. (person)

Kidd, John G. (John Graydon), 1908- (person)

John Kidd was a Philadelphia merchant and shipper. From the description of Letterbook, 1749-1763. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122316666 ...

Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research (corporateBody)

Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946 (person)

Simon Flexner was a physician, administrator, professor of pathology at the University of Pennsylvania, director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (1901-1935). From the description of Papers, 1891-1946. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122535412 Rufus Ivory Cole served as the the director and physician-in-charge (1909-1937) of the Hospital of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, the first hospital in the United States d...

Gasser, Herbert S. (Herbert Spencer), 1888-1963 (person)

Physiologist (1888-1963). Professor of Pharmacology, Washington University School of Medicine, 1921-1931. Professor of Physiology and head of the Medical Department, Cornell University, 1931-1935. Director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1935-1953. Gasser and Joseph Erlanger were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1944. From the description of Herbert S. Gasser papers, 1914-1964. 1914-1964. (Washington University in St. Louis). WorldCat record id:...

Gye, Will E. (person)

Rockefeller Institute. (corporateBody)

In 1892, the physician and medical administrator Simon Flexner began research on cerebrospinal meningitis, a meningococcal disease with an untreated mortality rate between 70 and 90%. Experimenting on monkeys, Flexner developed a promising serum treatment for the disease by 1903, which he used extensively during the epidemic outbreaks of meningitis in New York City in 1904-1905 and 1907. For several years, Flexner kept his serum under his close supervision, with the result that the Rockefeller I...

Century Association (New York, N.Y.) (corporateBody)

The Century Association or Club was a prominent New York social club, whose membership was primarily drawn from men involved with the arts. It held exhibitions and built a collection. From the description of Century Association records, 1829-1958. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122647986 ...

Rous, Peyton and Beard, J. W. (person)

Beard, Joseph W., 1901- . (person)

Virologist at Duke University (1937-1973). Beard and his staff purified and photographed the virus that causes warts and skin cancer in rabbits, researched cause of avian leukosis, and isolated and identified cancer viruses that cause leukemia in chickens. From the description of Joseph W. Beard papers, 1930-1982. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 57116363 ...

Whipple, George Hoyt, 1878-1976 (person)

G.H. Whipple was founding dean of the Univ. of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry. In 1934 he received the Nobel Prize in medicine & physiology for his work in the treatment of anemia. From the description of Papers, 1915-1976. (University of Rochester Medical Center). WorldCat record id: 22301256 George Washington Corner worked as an anatomist, endocrinologist, and medical historian. From the guide to the George Washington Corner papers, 1889-1981,...

LuckGe, Baldwin (person)

Warthin, Aldred Scott, 1866-1931 (person)

University of Michigan pathologist. From the description of Aldred Scott Warthin papers, 1893-1947 (bulk 1923-1931). (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 82744671 Aldred Scott Warthin was a pathologist and professor of pathology at the University of Michigan. From the guide to the Aldred Scott Warthin pamphlets and reprints, 1909-1929, (Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan) ...

Rous, Peyton and MacKenzie, Ian (person)

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) (corporateBody)

The National Academy of Sciences, founded in Washington, D. C., in 1863, grew out of a desire for a body of scientists to give advice on scientific matters to the federal government. Joseph Henry, first Secretary of the Smithsonian, was a force behind its creation. From the description of National Academy of Sciences, 1863-1887 Records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78403445 ...

Dolman, Claude E. (Claude Ernest), 1906-1994 (person)

Born in Porthleven, England, Claude Dolman received his medical education at St. Mary's Medical School and graduated with a Ph.D. from the University of London. He came to Canada in 1931 as a Research Assistant and Clinical Associate with Connaught Laboratories at the University of Toronto. In 1935, he moved to Vancouver to become Director of the Division of Laboratories. Dolman became head of the University of British Columbia's Department of Bacteriology and Preventive Medicine (1936-1951) and...

Dubos, René J. (René Jules), 1901-1982 (person)

Bacteriologist. From the description of Reminiscences of Rene Jules Dubos : oral history, 1957. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309734154 Bacteriologist and 1969 Pulitzer Prize winner. From the description of Letter, 1948, July 1 : New York City, to Dr. S. Elberg, Berkeley, California. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35059804 Epithet: microbiologist and pathologist, Professor Department of Environmental Medicine ...

Rous, Peyton and Henderson, James S. (person)

Lipschutz, Alexander (person)

Landsteiner, Karl, 1868-1943 (person)

Austrian American immunologist and pathologist credited with discovering the major blood groups and the ABO system of blood typing. Landsteiner won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1930. From the description of Reprints of scientific writings, 1918-1979. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 57585118 Born in Vienna, Karl Landsteiner obtained his medical training at the University of Vienna and embarked on a career of pathology and immunology. He joined the R...

Krumbhaar, E. B. (Edward Bell), 1882-1966 (person)

Edward Bell Krumbhaar (1882-1966) was a distinguished pathologist and cardiac physician, as well as one of Philadelphia’s leading historians of medicine. A founder of both the Section on Medical History of the College of Physicians and the American Association of the History of Medicine (AAHM), Krumbhaar also served as president of the College and of the AAHM. Krumbhaar was born on August 1, 1882 in Philadelphia. He graduated from the Groton School in Massachusetts; from...

Gregg, Alan, 1890-1957 (person)

Physician. From the description of Reminiscences of Alan Gregg : oral history, 1956. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309731199 Alan Gregg (1890-1957), a career Rockefeller Foundation officer, was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado, to James B. Gregg, a Congregational minister, and his wife Mary (Needham) Gregg. Gregg practiced medicine from 1917-1919 as a member of the Harvard Medical Unit attached to the British Army during World War I. Af...

Rous, Peyton and Dumbell, Keith (person)

Loeb, Leo, 1869-1959 (person)

Rous, Peyton and Kidd, John G. (person)

Rous, Peyton and Turner, J. R. (person)

Johnson, Earl (person)

Mooser, Hermann, 1891-1971 (person)

Zinsser, Hans, 1878-1940 (person)

Zinsser (Columbia, M.D. 1903) was Charles Wilder Professor of Bacteriology and Immunology at Harvard Medical School from 1935 to 1940, chief of bacteriological services at Children's and Infants' Hospital, and consultant in bacteriology at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Mass. His research included the development of a vaccine for typhus, work on the etiology of rheumatic fever, host response to syphilis, nature of the antigen-antibody reaction, the measurement of virus size, and studies ...

Rous, Peyton and Grey (person)

Stanley, Wendell Meredith, 1932- (person)

Karsner, Howard T. (Howard Thomas), 1879- (person)

Berenblum, I. (Isaac), 1903- (person)

DeMaeyer, E. M. (person)

Andrewes, C. H. (Christopher Howard), Sir (person)

Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944 (person)

Rufus Ivory Cole served as the the director and physician-in-charge (1909-1937) of the Hospital of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, the first hospital in the United States devoted primarily to the investigation of disease. Cole's medical research centered on problems relating to immunity to diseases of the respiratory system, particularly pneumonia From the guide to the Rufus Ivory Cole papers, ca. 1900-1966, 1900-1966, (American Philosophical Society) Cattell...

Bayne-Jones, Stanhope, 1888-1970 (person)

Dr. Stanhope Bayne-Jones, Chairman of the Advisory Editorial Board of the History of Preventative Medicine in the U.S. Army in World War II, has been one of the NLM's most distinguished scholars-in-residence. A graduate of Yale University, Dr. Bayne-Jones received the M.D. degree from Johns Hopkins University Medical School in 1914; during subsequent years he achieved eminence not only as a physician and soldier, but also as an educator and researcher. He served as Dean of the Yale University Sc...

Addis, Thomas, 1881-1949 (person)

Paul-Ehrlich-Stiftung (corporateBody)

Rogers, E. Stanfield (person)

Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919 (person)

Born in Ontario, Canada, Dr. Osler was received his medical from McGill University in 1872. He became Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine's first professor of medicine in 1889. Author of The Principles and Practices of Medicine (1892), Osler has been celled the father of psychosomatic medicine and the "most influential physician in history." From the description of Sir William Osler press clippings, 1905-1920. (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 14312601 ...

Huggins, Charles, 1901-1997 (person)

American cancer society (corporateBody)

Crutcher, Katherine G. (person)

Baudisch, Oskar (person)

Shope, Richard E. (Richard Edwin), 1901-1966 (person)

Rous, Peyton, 1879-1970 (person)

Mrs. Rous's family had long been friends with Gladys Brooks. From the description of Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1949-1960. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 183884807 Pathologist; Nobel Prize winner; b. Francis Peyton Rous. From the description of Rous collection, 1940s. (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Association Library). WorldCat record id: 70947287 Francis Peyton Rous was a pathologist. Rous' pioneering studies on...

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962 (person)

Physicist Arthur Holly Compton worked as a research engineer at Westinghouse Lamp Co. (1917-1919) and studied with Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England (1919). He taught physics at Washington University (1920-1923) and at University of Chicago (1923-1945) and served as Chancellor of Washington University from 1945-1953. From the guide to the Arthur Holly Compton notebooks, 1919-1941, 1919-1941, (American Philosophical Society) In 1920, Arthur Holly Co...

TenBroeck, Carl, 1885-1966. (person)