Records of the Agency for International Development. 1948 - 2003. Photographs of Marshall Plan Activities in Europe and Africa

ArchivalResource

Records of the Agency for International Development. 1948 - 2003. Photographs of Marshall Plan Activities in Europe and Africa

1945-1954

This series consists of photographs taken by photojournalists, such as Werner Bischof, Ernst Haas, and Charles Fenno Jacobs, primarily for the Economic Cooperation Administration and were initially maintained in its Paris, France office. Pictured are aid programs in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Holland, Italy, Portugal, and the United Kingdom. In addition, this series includes images of aid programs in French territories in Africa, including French Cameroons and the federations of French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa. Subjects of interest in this series include medical care, housing, land reclamation, training, and the rehabilitation of various industries, including agriculture, automobile, coal, cotton, diamond, energy, fishing, lumber, oil, shipping, steel, and telecommunications. Also included are views of Marshall Plan officials and ceremonies. Photographs of interest in this series include pictures of Secretary of State George C. Marshall at Harvard University on June 5, 1947 (286-ME-13-10 through 13-13). The photographs were taken during a visit to Harvard, where Secretary Marshall received an honorary degree and gave the commencement speech, which is now known as the "Marshall Plan Speech". Fellow honorary degree recipients physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (286-ME-13-10, 13-12 and 13-13), General Omar Bradley (286-ME-13-10 through 13-12), and poet T. S. Eliot (286-ME-13-10 and 13-12) are also pictured. Furthermore, this series contains a view of Secretary Marshall and Undersecretary Robert A. Lovett presenting the European Recovery Program to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in 1948 (286-ME-13-7), and a group portrait of Secretary Marshall, British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov, and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault at a meeting in March 1947 (286-ME-13-9). Another group of photographs of particular interest in this series include views of U.S. President Harry S. Truman signing several bills, including the Land-Lease Extension Act on April 17, 1945 (286-ME-14-1), Global Aid Bill on April 2, 1948 (286-ME-14-5), European Recovery Authorization Bill on April 19, 1949 (286-ME-14-2 and 14-4), and the Foreign Aid Bill on June 5, 1950 (286-ME-14-3).

eng, Latn

Information

SNAC Resource ID: 6458464

National Archives at College Park

Related Entities

There are 11 Entities related to this resource.

Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6776605 (person)

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as the 34th vice president in early 1945. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain communist expansion. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the Conservative Coalition that dominated Congres...

Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64r8k15 (person)

Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965), a poet, critic, editor, and playwright, was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He received a B. A. in 1909 and an M. A. in 1910 from Harvard, where he also pursued a doctoral degree in philosophy. In 1915, he married Vivienne (Vivien) Haigh-Wood. He completed his dissertation in 1916 while living in England and submitted it to Harvard, but was unable to defend it. He was literary editor of the avant-garde magazine The Egoist. In the Spring 1917, he publishe...

Bradley, Omar Nelson, 1893-1981

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65822fj (person)

Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981) was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II, holding the rank of General of the Army. Bradley was the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and oversaw the U.S. military's policy-making in the Korean War. Born in Randolph County, Missouri, Bradley worked as a boilermaker before entering the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated from the academy in 1915 alongside Dwight D. Eisenh...

Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich, 1890-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d22bws (person)

Jacobs, Fenno, 1904-1975

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d09b77 (person)

Charles Fenno Jacobs (December 14, 1904 – June 27, 1975) was an American photographer in the mid-20th century. Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, famed photographer Edward Steichen recruited Charles Fenno Jacobs (1904-1975) to join his Naval Aviation Photographic Unit. The U.S. Navy had established this special group to document and publicize its aviation activities and allowed Steichen to recruit the most talented photographers he could find. By 1941 Jacobs had already establ...

Haas, Ernst, 1921-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64x5cps (person)

Photographer, lecturer; New York, N.Y. From the description of Ernst Haas interview, 1969 Mar. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78626508 ...

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v1266v (person)

Died 1967. From the description of Oral history interview with J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1963 November 18 and 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80709804 Physicist (quantum theory and nuclear physics). On the physics faculty at California Institute of Technology and University of California, Berkeley in theoretical physics, 1929-1947; director of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1943-1945; chairman of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1946-1952; d...

Bevin, Ernest, 1881-1951

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rn4dvw (person)

Bevin was a British labor leader and politician. He served as the British Minister of Labour (1940-1945) and as Foreign Secretary (1945-1951). Rosita Forbes (1893?-1967) was the consumate traveler in and writer on north Africa, the Middle East and western Asia. From the description of [Letter] 1945 Nov. 27, Foreign Office, S.W. 1 [to] Rosita Forbes / Ernest Bevin. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 166268415 1892-1894 farm labourer, Chaffcombe farm, then Beers...

Lovett, Robert A. (Robert Abercrombie), 1895-1986

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60z7nkm (person)

Robert Abercrombie Lovett was born in Huntsville, Texas, on September 14, 1895. After receiving a B.A. from Yale in 1918 and attending Harvard Law School and the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration, Lovett became a partner in Brown Brothers, Harriman & Co. Aside from his periods of government service, Lovett was associated with Brown Brothers, Harriman & Co. for the remainder of his life. From 1941-1945, Lovett served as assistant secretary of war for air. During the Truma...

Bidault, Georges

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69p4cq0 (person)

Epithet: Prime Minister of France British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000837.0x0000b9 ...

Bischof, Werner, 1916-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wh41km (person)

B. Apr. 26, 1916, Zürich, Switzerland; d. May 16, 1954; became a member of the Magnum Photo Inc. in 1949;Education: studied photography at Zurich's School for Arts and Crafts, 1932 to 1936. From the description of Werner Bischof : Artist File. (International Center of Photography). WorldCat record id: 611950392 ...