William Barton Rogers papers


William Barton Rogers papers


This collection contains the personal correspondence of William Barton Rogers, the founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Family and professional correspondence, notes, articles, lectures, clippings, and drafts of articles on scientific topics, documents relating his philosophy on science and technology education, and many antecedent documents relating to the establishment and early years of MIT are included. An important part of the collection is drafts of documents prepared during Rogers's efforts to establish a new kind of scientific Institute and to organize the Massachusetts Institute of Technology which was formally incorporated on April 10, 1861, in Boston, Massachusetts. Later documents relate to the development of the educational curriculum, finances, faculty, and facilities of the Institute. There are also papers relating to Rogers' term as president of the National Academy of Sciences, and his involvement with the American Social Science Association and the American Association of Geologists and Naturalists (later the American Association for the Advancement of Science).

5.0 cubic feet; (14 manuscript boxes, 1 flat box, 1 oversize enclosure)

eng, Latn

Related Entities

There are 34 Entities related to this resource.

Richards, Ellen H. (Ellen Henrietta), 1842-1911

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f58g9f (person)

Ellen Swallow was born 3 December 1842 in Dunstable, Massachusetts. She received a B.S. from Vassar College in 1870. She earned another B.S. from M.I.T. in 1873 and, in the same year, an M.A. from Vassar. She studied for a doctorate at M.I.T., but never received it, reportedly because "the heads of the department did not wish a woman to receive the first D.S. in chemistry." In 1875 she married M.I.T. chemistry professor, Robert H. Richards, and devoted the next ten years to advocating for scien...

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68h99sx (person)

Swiss-American zoologist and geologist. Professor of zoology and geology at Harvard University. Louis Agassiz was born in Môtier-en-Vuly, Switzerland. He studied at the universities of Zürich, Erlangen (Ph.D., 1829), Heidelberg, and Munich (M.D., 1830). Agassiz studied medicine briefly but turned to zoology, with a special interest in fishes and fossils, while studying under the French naturalist Cuvier. In 1832 he became professor of natural history at the University of Neuchâtel, Sw...

Hitchcock, Edward, 1828-1911

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69p38ng (person)

Physician and faculty member, Amherst College. From the description of Papers, 1852-1855, Amherst, Mass. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35091769 Edward "Doc" Hitchcock, eldest son of geologist and Amherst College President Edward Hitchcock and artist Orra White Hitchcock, graduated from Amherst in the Class of 1849 and received an M.D. from Harvard Medical School. Hitchcock was Professor of Hygiene and Physical Education at Amherst College, 1861-1911, college physici...

Webb, Thomas H. (Thomas Hopkins), 1801-1866

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x64gw7 (person)

Epithet: writer of plays British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000623.0x000037 ...

Rogers, William Barton, 1804-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d2211v (person)

Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Virginia from 1835-1853. In the years following his departure, he founded and was president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Boston. From the description of Papers of William Barton Rogers [manuscript], 1843 December 19. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647837261 Shields was a student from Cumberland County, Va.; afterwards a captain and surgeon, C.S.A., then physician and farmer in Union Count...

Crosby, William O. (William Otis), 1850-1925

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6012mh3 (person)

William Otis Crosby, 1850-1925, SB 1876, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, served as instructor in the Department of Geology, 1878-1883; assistant professor, 1883-1902; associate professor, 1902-1906; and professor, 1906-1907. He consulted on subways and tunnels for the Boston Transit Commission; advised on the Boston dry dock; acted as advisor to the Charles River Dam Commission for the development of the Charles River Basin Project; and conducted an investigation of the foundation conditi...

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69d0r9w (corporateBody)

The National Academy of Sciences, founded in Washington, D. C., in 1863, grew out of a desire for a body of scientists to give advice on scientific matters to the federal government. Joseph Henry, first Secretary of the Smithsonian, was a force behind its creation. From the description of National Academy of Sciences, 1863-1887 Records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78403445 ...

Holman, Silas W. (Silas Whitcomb), 1856-1900

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67z289r (person)

Silas Whitcomb Holman (1856-1900) was an 1876 graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), earning the degree of SB in physics. Upon his graduation he was appointed an assistant in the Department of Physics. He stayed at MIT throughout his life, moving up the ranks to instructor (1880), assistant professor (1882), associate professor (1885), professor (1893), and professor emeritus(1897). Holman attended Cambridge public schools and, after three years of ...

Kneeland, Samuel, 1821-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cg4bn7 (person)

Physician and naturalist of Boston. From the description of Letter, 1887, Mar. 9 : Boston, to Prof. Le Metayer de Guichainville, New York. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35130210 Samuel Kneeland was a physician and zoologist. From the description of Correspondence, 1883-1888. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122616041 From the guide to the Samuel Kneeland correspondence, 1883-1888, 1883-1888, (American Philosophical S...

Rogers, James B., 1803-1852

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hm5g7h (person)

Association of American geologists and naturalists

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f521mt (corporateBody)

Dalton, Charles Henry, 1826-1908.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67m84kh (person)

Tappan, Lewis, 1788-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vq340m (person)

Merchant and antislavery leader. From the description of The papers of Lewis Tappan [microform], 1809-1903. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 29852969 Abolitionist from New York State; assisted the Amistad slaves; among the founders of the American Missionary Association in 1846, which began more than 100 anti-slavery Congregational churches throughout the Midwest, and after the American Civil War, founded numerous schools and colleges to aid in the educatio...

Cross, Charles R. (Charles Robert), 1848-1921

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69k4kg9 (person)

Ross, M. D.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n16rr9 (person)

American Association for the Advancement of Science

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64f5jc0 (corporateBody)

Edmund W. Sinnott was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science at the time of this correspondence. Walter G. Berl was an editor for the Association. From the description of Letters, 1948-1971, to Lewis Mumford. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155878457 ...

Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b857gr (person)

Lawyer, founder of Free Soil Party in Massachusetts, governor of Massachusetts, 1861-1866. From the description of ALS, 1861 Oct. 19, New York, N.Y., to an unknown correspondent. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122524861 Prominent anti-slavery lawyer and Civil War governor of Massachusetts. From the description of Papers, 1772-1895, [microform]. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 25618330 Andrew was Governor of Massachusetts ...

Hilgard, J. E. (Julius Erasmus), 1825-1891

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d79dbt (person)

Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterpart. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America. On July 19, 1806 Alexander Dallas Bache wa...

Rogers, Henry D. (Henry Darwin), 1808-1866

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gq7182 (person)

Epithet: LLD, Professor at Glasgow University British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001391.0x0000a0 State geologist for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. From the description of Catalogue of the specimens composing the first state geological cabinet deposited in Harrisburg. [archival material]. 1837-1940. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122581671 Epithet: geologist British Library Arch...

Nichols, Wm. Ripley (William Ripley), 1847-1886

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qc4jqp (person)

Atkinson, Edward, 1827-1905

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pg2bjx (person)

Economist. From the description of Papers of Edward Atkinson, 1882-1887. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79449908 Edward Atkinson was an American economist and underwriter. From the description of Edward Atkinson letters, 1868-1898. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122575952 From the guide to the Edward Atkinson letters, 1868-1898, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) American author, industrialist, and economist. ...

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Alumni Association

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dh28d5 (corporateBody)

Newcomb, Simon, 1847-1886

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hz78sd (person)

Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sn07qt (person)

Eliot served as president of Harvard University (1869-1909). From the description of Correspondence of Charles W. Eliot, 1870-1920. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234339031 Charles William Eliot (1834-1926) was President of Harvard University from March 12, 1869 to May 19, 1909. He also taught mathematics and chemistry at Harvard University (1858-1863) and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1865-1869). Eliot was one of the most influential educa...

Runkle, John Daniel, 1822-1902

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64b4s9k (person)

John Daniel Runkle, 1822-1902, SB, MA, 1851, Harvard College, was the second president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1870 to 1878, having served as acting president from 1868 to 1870. He was professor of mathematics from 1865 to 1902. Earlier in 1860 he was a member of the committee that prepared the " Objects and Plan of an Institute of Technology," which led to the establishment of MIT in 1861, and he worked closely with the founder and first president of...

Storer, Frank H. (Frank Humphreys), 1832-1914

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61z5jh1 (person)

Storer (Harvard, S.B., 1855) taught agricultural chemistry and served as Dean of Bussey Institution at Harvard. From the description of Papers of Francis Humphreys Storer, 1874-1907 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76972891 ...

Rogers, R. E. (Robert Empie), 1813-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66b1ps3 (person)

U.S. chemist; professor of chemistry at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania. From the description of Notes on Roger's [sic] lectures of chemistry, 1868-1869 : [University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,] / taken by George Douglas Meriwether. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31932522 ...

Ordway, John M. (John Morse), 1823-1909

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kz1c7t (person)

Richards, Robert H. (Robert Hallowell), 1844-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tb1fvp (person)

Robert H. Richards was the son of Henry and Laura E. Richards, of Gardiner, Me. He was an American mining engineer, metallurgist, and educator, born at Gardiner, Me. In 1868 with the first class to leave the institution, he graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and there he taught for 46 years, becoming professor of mineralogy and assaying in 1871, head of the department of mining engineering in 1873, and in 1884 also professor of Metallurgy. Rosalind Richards, author and lit...

Crafts, James Mason, 1839-1917

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c54421 (person)

Lanza, Gaetano, 1848-1928

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6280t78 (person)

Rogers, Emma (Emma Savage)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65k3cd9 (person)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Society of Arts

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cx01x2 (corporateBody)

1862-1865 In 1862, William Barton Rogers issued a notice for the first meeting of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Seventeen persons responded to the notice and the meeting was convened on April 8 at the rooms of the Boston Board of Trade. The Act of Incorporation of M.I.T. was read and the first By-Laws of the Institute were enacted. The group thus convened referred to themselves as a Society of Arts. William Barton Rogers envisioned that the Society would be ...

Committee of Associated Institutions of Science and Arts (Boston, Mass.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n744qq (corporateBody)