Library Of Congress, Manuscript Division. Bernard J. D. Irwin Papers.
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Bernard John Dowling Irwin was born in Ireland and emigrated to the United States while still a boy. He graduated from New York Medical College in 1852 and began his service in the U.S. Army as a surgeon in 1855. In February 1861, while stationed at Fort Buchanan, Arizona, he led troops against Chiricahua Indians at Apache Pass. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and gained the nickname "The Fighting Doctor" for his gallantry. During the Civil War, Irwin introduced the use of tent field hospitals...
Born in Northampton, Mass., Nov. 23, 1819, son of Josiah Dwight and Sarah (Williston) , grad. Yale 1839, read law 1841, traveled and studied in France, Germany, Italy, 1842-45, worked survey of mineral lands of Northern Peninsula of Mich., 1847-49, Ia. State Chemist Ill. State Survey, Geologist of Cal., 1860-74, opened Harvard School of Mines, 1868, elected to Geol. Soc. of London. Author of Metal Wealth of the U.S. and other books. Married Louisa Goddard Howe in June, 1854, had 1 daughter. Died...