Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. Legislative Files, ca. 2010 - 1/3/2016

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Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. Legislative Files, ca. 2010 - 1/3/2016

2010-2016

12,364 Portable Document Format (PDF) files, 103 Microsoft Word files, 2 electronic documentation files in Microsoft Word format, and 1 electronic documentation file in Portable Document Format (PDF)

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There are 88 Entities related to this resource.

Payne, Donald M. (Donald Milford), Jr., 1958-

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Donald Milford Payne Jr. (born December 17, 1958) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 10th congressional district since 2012. Payne was born and raised in Newark, New Jersey, the son of the first African-American to represent the state of New Jersey in Congress, Donald M. Payne, who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1989 until his death in 2012. The younger Payne studied graphic arts at Kean University, was an adviser at the ...

Johnson, Hank, 1954-

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Henry Calvin Johnson Jr. (born October 2, 1954) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 4th congressional district since 2007. He is a member of the Democratic Party. He is one of only three Buddhists, along with Hawaii Senator Mazie Hirono and former Hawaii Representative Colleen Hanabusa, to have ever served in the United States Congress. Johnson grew up in Washington, D.C. Johnson received his B.A. degree from Clark College (now Clark Atlanta University) ...

Moore, Gwen, 1951-

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Gwendolynne Sophia Moore (born April 18, 1951) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Wisconsin's 4th congressional district since 2005. In 2016, Moore was elected to serve as Caucus Whip of the Congressional Black Caucus for the 115th United States Congress. She is a member of the Democratic Party. Moore was born in Racine, but has spent most of her life in Milwaukee. She is the eighth of nine children; her father was a factory worker and her mother a public school ...

Cleaver, Emanuel, II, 1944-

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Emanuel Cleaver II (born October 26, 1944) is a United Methodist pastor and an American politician who is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Cleaver represents Missouri's 5th congressional district, elected in 2004. Cleaver was born in Waxahachie, Texas and grew up in public housing in Wichita Falls, Texas. He graduated from Prairie View A&M University where he was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Cleaver then moved to Kansas City, Missouri where he founded a branch of the ...

Butterfield, G. K. (George Kenneth), 1947-

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George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (born April 27, 1947) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for North Carolina's 1st congressional district since 2004. Butterfield was born and raised in the then- segregated city of Wilson, North Carolina. He graduated from Charles H. Darden High School in Wilson and went on to earn a Bachelor of Arts in political science and sociology from North Carolina Central University (NCCU), a historically black university. During his junior yea...

Scott, David, 1945 June 27-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60t0drx (person)

David Albert Scott (born June 27, 1945) is an American politician and businessman who has served as the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 13th congressional district since 2003. Scott's district includes the southern fourth of Atlanta, as well as several of its suburbs to the south and west. Prior to his election to Congress in 2002, Scott served as a Democratic member of both chambers of the Georgia Legislature and operated a small business. Scott was born in Aynor, South Carolina and attend...

Meek, Kendrick, 1966-

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Kendrick Brett Meek (born September 6, 1966) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for Florida's 17th congressional district from 2003 to 2011. He was the Democratic nominee in Florida's 2010 Senate election. Born in Miami, Florida to future Congresswoman Carrie P. Meek and Harold H. Meek, Knedrick Meek graduated from Miami Springs High School in Miami, where he played football as a defensive lineman. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice in 1989 fro...

Davis, Artur, 1967-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t837rx (person)

Artur Genestre Davis (born October 9, 1967) is an American attorney and politician who served as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives for Alabama's 7th congressional district from 2003 to 2011. He was also a candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Alabama in the 2010 election. After losing in the primary, he moved to Virginia and joined the Republican Party. He was defeated in his attempt to be elected Mayor of Montgomery, Alabama in the 2015 election...

Clay, William L., Jr., 1956-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67f3kfg (person)

William Lacy Clay Jr. (born July 27, 1956) is an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative from Missouri's 1st congressional district from 2001 to 2021. His congressional career ended after he lost in a Democratic primary to Cori Bush in 2020, after successfully defeating her in the 2018 primary. William Lacy Clay Jr. was born in St. Louis, Missouri. His family moved to Washington, D.C., when his father, Bill Clay, was elected to Congress. In his teenage years, Clay attended p...

Mayorkas, Alejandro Nicholas, 1959-

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Alejandro Nicholas Mayorkas (born November 24, 1959) is an American lawyer and government official serving as the seventh United States Secretary of Homeland Security since February 3, 2021. During the Obama administration, he served in the Department of Homeland Security, first as Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (2009–2013), and then as Deputy Secretary (2013–2016). Born in Havana, Cuba, his family fled shortly after the Cuban Revolution to Florida and later settled in ...

Thomas-Greenfield, Linda, 1952-

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Linda Thomas-Greenfield (born 1952) is an American diplomat who is the United States Ambassador to the United Nations under President Joe Biden. A member of the Democratic Party, she served as the United States Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs from 2013 to 2017. Thomas-Greenfield then served in the private sector as a senior vice president at Albright Stonebridge Group in Washington, D.C. and as as fellow at Georgetown University. President Biden nominated her to be the United...

Meeks, Gregory, 1953-

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Gregory Weldon Meeks (born September 25, 1953) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative from New York since 1998. He is a member of the Democratic Party. His district is made up largely of working, middle, and upper middle-class African-American and West Indian American communities, but also includes a small part of Ozone Park and part of Howard Beach known as Old Howard Beach, both of which are predominantly middle-class Italian-American communities. In addition, he represen...

Lee, Barbara, 1946-

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Barbara Jean Lee (née Tutt; born July 16, 1946) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for California's 13th congressional district. Now in her 12th congressional term, Lee has served since 1998, and is a member of the Democratic Party. The district, numbered as the 9th district from 1998 to 2013, is based in Oakland and covers most of the northern part of Alameda County. Lee was born Barbara Jean Tutt in El Paso, Texas, the daughter of Mildred Adaire (née Parish) and Ga...

Jones, Stephanie Tubbs, 1949-2008

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6km2sb2 (person)

Stephanie Tubbs Jones (September 10, 1949 – August 20, 2008) was an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 11th congressional district from 1999 until her death in 2008. A member of the Democratic Party, her district encompassed most of Downtown and Eastern Cleveland and many of the eastern suburbs in Cuyahoga County, including Euclid, Cleveland Heights and Shaker Heights. She was the first African American woman to be elected to Congress from Ohio. Tubbs Jones w...

Fudge, Marcia L. (Marcia Louise), 1952-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dg7fxh (person)

Marcia Louise Fudge (born October 29, 1952) is an American attorney and politician who has been the Senate-confirmed nominee for Secretary of Housing and Urban Development since March 2021. She served as the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 11th congressional district from 2008 to 2021. A member of the Democratic Party, she won the 2008 special election uncontested, succeeding Stephanie Tubbs Jones, who died in office. Fudge was chair of the Congressional Black Caucus in the 113th Congress. Presid...

Vilsack, Thomas J. (Thomas James), 1950-

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Thomas James Vilsack (born December 13, 1950) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 32nd United States secretary of agriculture under the Biden administration. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 30th secretary of agriculture from 2009 to 2017 in the Obama administration and as the 40th governor of Iowa from 1999 to 2007. On November 30, 2006, he formally launched his candidacy for nomination for President of the United States by the Democratic Party in...

Christensen, Donna Marie, 1945-

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Donna Marie Christian-Christensen, formerly Donna Christian-Green (born September 19, 1945), is an American physician and politician. She served as the 4th elected non-voting Delegate from the United States Virgin Islands's at-large district to the United States House of Representatives from 1997 until 2015. Born Donna Christian in Teaneck, New Jersey, she is the daughter of a Virgin Islands Federal District Court judge, Almeric Christian. She received her Bachelor of Science from St. Mary's ...

Davis, Danny K., 1941-

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Daniel K. Davis (born September 6, 1941) is an American politician who is the U.S. Representative from Illinois's 7th congressional district, elected in 1996. The district serves much of western Chicago, including the Loop. It also includes several of Chicago's inner western suburbs, such as Bellwood, Oak Park, and River Forest. Davis is a Democrat, a member of the Congressional Black Caucus, and is also one of five members of the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA) serving in Congress. Davis...

Cummings, Elijah, 1951-2019

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Elijah Eugene Cummings (January 18, 1951 – October 17, 2019) was an American politician and civil rights advocate who served in the United States House of Representatives for Maryland's 7th congressional district from 1996 until his death in 2019, which he was succeeded by his predecessor Kweisi Mfume. A member of the Democratic Party, Cummings previously served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1983 to 1996. Cummings was born on January 18, 1951, in Baltimore. After graduasting with ho...

Jackson, Jesse, Jr., 1965-

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Jesse Louis Jackson Jr. (born March 11, 1965) is a former American politician who served as a Democratic Congressman representing Illinois's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1995 until his resignation in 2012. He is the son of activist and former presidential candidate Jesse Jackson and, prior to his career in elected office, worked for his father in both the elder Jackson's 1984 presidential campaign and his social justice, civil rights and political...

Jackson Lee, Sheila, 1950-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k17vh5 (person)

Sheila Jackson Lee (born January 12, 1950) is an American politician. She is currently the U.S. Representative for Texas's 18th congressional district, currently serving in her 14th term in the House, having served since 1995. The district includes most of central Houston. She is a member of the Democratic Party. Jackson Lee was born Sheila Jackson in Queens, New York. Her parents were both immigrants from Jamaica. She graduated from Jamaica High School in Queens. She earned a BA in political...

Norton, Eleanor Holmes, 1937-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6s002hh (person)

Eleanor Holmes Norton (born June 13, 1937) is an American politician serving as a non-voting Delegate to the United States House of Representatives, representing the District of Columbia. As a non-voting member, Norton may serve on committees, introduce legislation, as well as speak on the House floor; however, she is not permitted to vote on the final passage of any legislation. She is a member of the Democratic Party. Eleanor K. Holmes was born in Washington, D.C., the daughter of Vela (née...

Watt, Melvin L. (Melvin Luther), 1945-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qv6vw7 (person)

Melvin Luther Watt (born August 26, 1945) is an American politician who was Director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency from 2014 to 2019. He was appointed by President Barack Obama. He is a former United States Representative for North Carolina's 12th congressional district, from 1993 to 2014. He is a member of the Democratic Party. After attending segregated schools in Mecklenburg County, Watt attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, graduating Phi Beta Kappa with a busi...

Scott, Bobby, 1947-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67x73f1 (person)

Robert Cortez Scott (born April 30, 1947) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 3rd congressional district since 1993. A member of the Democratic Party, he is the dean of Virginia's congressional delegation. The district serves most of the majority-black precincts of Hampton Roads, including all of the independent cities of Franklin, Newport News (where he resides) and Portsmouth, parts of the independent cities of Chesapeake, Hampton, Norfolk and Suffolk an...

Meek, Carrie P. (Carrie Pittman), 1926-2021

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r031p5 (person)

Carrie Pittman Meek (April 29, 1926 - November 28, 2021) was a Democratic politician from the U.S. state of Florida. She served in the United States House of Representatives from 1993 to 2003, representing Florida's 17th congressional district. Meek was born and raised in Tallahassee, Florida. She graduated from Lincoln High School. She remained in north Florida for college and graduated from Florida A&M University (then known as Florida A&M College for Negroes) in 1946. At this time, African...

Johnson, Eddie Bernice, 1935-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j98qcj (person)

Eddie Bernice Johnson (born December 3, 1935) is an American politician from the state of Texas, currently representing Texas's 30th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives. Johnson is a member of the Democratic Party. Born and raised in Waco, Texas, Johnson grew up wanting to work in medicine. She left Texas, which had segregated schools, and attended Saint Mary's College in South Bend, Indiana, where she received a diploma in nursing in 1956. She transferred to ...

Waters, Maxine, 1938-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6815sx5 (person)

Maxine Moore Waters (née Carr, August 15, 1938) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for California's 43rd congressional district since 1991. The district, numbered as the 29th district from 1991 to 1993 and as the 35th district from 1993 to 2013, includes much of southern Los Angeles, as well as portions of Gardena, Inglewood and Torrance. A member of the Democratic Party, Waters is currently in her 15th term in the House. She is the most senior of the twelve black wo...

Stewart, Bennett M. (Bennett McVey), 1912-1988

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t54j95 (person)

Bennett McVey Stewart (August 6, 1912 – April 26, 1988) was a Democratic U.S. Representative from Illinois. Stewart was born in Huntsville, Alabama. He attended the public schools in Huntsville and Birmingham. He received a B.A. from Miles College in Birmingham in 1936. He worked as the assistant principal of Irondale High School in 1936. He was an associate professor of sociology at Miles College in 1938. He worked as an insurance executive in 1940, and as the Illinois director for an insura...

Adams, Louisa Catherine, 1775-1852

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65v49kv (person)

Louisa Catherine Adams, the first of America’s First Ladies to be born outside of the United States, did not come to this country until four years after she had married John Quincy Adams. Political enemies sometimes called her English. She was born in London to an English mother, Catherine Nuth Johnson, but her father was American–Joshua Johnson, of Maryland–and he served as United States consul after 1790. A career diplomat at 27, accredited to the Netherlands, John Quincy developed his inte...

Niagara Movement (Organization)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q30jrv (corporateBody)

The Niagara Movement emerged out of years of struggle against racial oppression in the United States and frustration with the slow pace of change on the one hand and the moderate, accommodationist policies of Booker T. Washington on the other. In February 1905, W. E. B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter helped call together an all-black "national strategy board" to chart a new and more radical course toward social and racial justice. Inviting fifty nine like-minded intellectuals and activists t...

M'Clintock, Mary Ann, 1800-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pp9w3f (person)

Mary Ann M'Clintock or Mary Ann McClintock (February 20, 1800 - May 21, 1884) is best known for her role in the formation of the women's suffrage movement, as well as abolitionism. Born Mary Ann Wilson in Burlington, New Jersey of Quaker parents, she attended Westtown School in 1814 for one year. In 1820, she married fellow Quaker Thomas M’Clintock, a druggist and Biblical scholar, and with him moved to 107 South 9th Street where he kept his drugstore. Here their children, Elizabeth, Mary Ann...

Pence, Mike, 1959-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bw0wmq (person)

Michael Richard Pence (born June 7, 1959) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the 48th vice president of the United States, since 2017. He previously was the 50th governor of Indiana from 2013 to 2017 and a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. Pence was born and raised in Columbus, Indiana, and is the younger brother of U.S. representative Greg Pence. He graduated from Hanover College and earned a law degree from the Indiana University Robert H. ...

Baer, Daniel Brooks, 1977-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6md9pf2 (person)

Daniel Brooks Baer (born January 6, 1977) is an American politician and former diplomat from Colorado. Baer served in the Obama administration's State Department, first as a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (2009-2013) and then as United States Ambassador to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (2013-2017). In 2018, Governor John Hickenlooper appointed Baer as the executive director of the Colorado Department of Higher E...

Harper, Keith Michael, 1965-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66b7szv (person)

Ambassador Keith M. Harper is a partner at Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP. From 2014 to 2017, he served as the United States Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland. Ambassador Harper serves as a Senior Non-Resident Fellow at the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs, and the American Bar Association has appointed him as Special Advisor to the ABA’s Rule of Law Initiative. Throughout his legal...

Killion, David T., 1966-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v22v5m (person)

David T. Killion (born September 25, 1966) is an American government official and diplomat. He notably served as U.S. Ambassador to UNESCO (2009-2013) and Senate Staff Director for the U.S. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (U.S. Helsinki Commission) (2014-2017). A native of Danbury, Connecticut, Killion holds a BA from Wesleyan University in Middletown, Conn., and an MA from the University of California at Los Angeles. From 1994 to 1996, Killion served as a as a legislative...

Macmanus, Joseph Estey, 1953-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t836vv (person)

Joseph Estey Macmanus (born 1953) is an American diplomat who served as Executive Secretary of the United States Department of State from 2014 to 2017. Prior to that, he served as the U.S. Ambassador to International Organizations in Vienna from 2012 to 2014, as well as interim coordinator for efforts to implement President Barack Obama's Iran Nuclear Deal in 2015. He was President Donald Trump's nominee to become United States Ambassador to Colombia. This nomination was reported favorably by th...

Mendelson, Sarah Elizabeth, 1962-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62s4g31 (person)

Ambassador Sarah E. Mendelson is Distinguished Service Professor of Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University and Head of Carnegie Mellon’s Heinz College in Washington DC. She served as the US Representative to the Economic and Social Council at the United Nations until January 20, 2017. Prior to her appointment as Ambassador, she served as a Deputy Assistant Administrator at USAID from 2010-2014 where she was the Agency lead on democracy, human rights, and governance. A long time policy en...

Nix-Hines, Crystal, 1963-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vf9vv1 (person)

Crystal Nix-Hines (born 1963) served as the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) with the rank of Ambassador between July 2014 and January 2017. Crystal Nix grew up in Wilmington, Delaware, where her father, Theophilus R. Nix Sr., was the second African-American attorney admitted to the Delaware bar, and her mother, Dr. Lulu Mae Nix, founded social service organizations. She attended the Wilmington Friends Sch...

Pressman, David, 1977-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kq8rjn (person)

David Pressman (born 1977) was the United States Ambassador to the United Nations for Special Political Affairs. He was nominated by President Obama, and confirmed by the Senate on September 17, 2014, serving until January 20, 2017. Ambassador Pressman represented the United States at the United Nations Security Council and in related negotiations. After the end of the Obama administration, Ambassador Pressman joined the international law firm of Boies Schiller Flexner LLP where he works in vari...

McCarthy, Regina "Gina", 1954-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jv0dnw (person)

Gina McCarthy became the president and chief executive officer of NRDC in January 2020, leading more than 700 attorneys, scientists, advocates, and policy experts that make NRDC one of the country’s most effective environmental action organizations. McCarthy has been a leading advocate for smart, successful strategies to protect public health and the environment for more than 30 years. McCarthy served as the 13th administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and as assistant admin...

Palin, Sarah, 1964-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bz9j0m (person)

Sarah Louise Palin (née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the ninth governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009. As the Republican Party nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2008 election alongside presidential nominee, Arizona Senator John McCain, she was the first Alaskan on the national ticket of a major political party, the first Republican female selected as a vice...

Akuetteh, Cynthia H. (Cynthia Helen), 1948-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fg4gpz (person)

In 2014, Cynthia Akuetteh, career Senior Foreign Service officer, was nominated by President Barack Obama to serve as ambassador to Gabon and the island nation of Sao Tomé & Principe. After U.S. Senate confirmation she arrived in Libreville, capital of Gabon, to take up her post. Akuetteh (née Cynthia Archie) was born in Washington, D.C. in 1948 to Richard Louis Archie II and Sallie Dolores Hines. In 1970 she graduated from Long Island University in New York with a B.A. degree in History. In ...

Cefkin, Judith Beth, 1953-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ck93rm (person)

Judith Beth Cefkin (born in 1953) is a diplomat and former United States Ambassador to Fiji. She formerly served concurrently as the ambassador to Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu, while resident in Suva, Fiji. She was nominated by President Barack Obama and confirmed by the Senate on November 19, 2014. Her term began January 5, 2015 and ended February 25, 2018. Cefkin was born in Colorado to Rose (née Mackanick) and John Leo Cefkin. She grew up in Ft. Collins, where he father was a profess...

Brigety, Reuben E. (Reuben Earl), 1973-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v51jh1 (person)

Ambassador Reuben E. Brigety II most recently served as the appointed Representative of the United States of America to the African Union and Permanent Representative of the United States to the UN Economic Commission for Africa on September 3, 2013. Prior to this appointment, Ambassador Brigety served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of African Affairs from November 14, 2011 until September 3, 2013 with responsibility for Southern African and Regional Security Affairs. Fr...

Spratlen, Pamela Leora, 1954-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60h48hj (person)

Pamela Leora Spratlen (born 1954) is a U.S. diplomat. She is currently Senior Advisor of the Office of Inspector General in the US State Department, Inspections Division. Prior to this, she served as United States Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan (2011-2014) and United States Ambassador to Uzbekistan (2015-2018). Pamela Spratlen was born in Columbus, Ohio and was raised in Washington State and California. Her father, Thaddeus Spratlen, was a professor in the Department of Marketing at the University ...

Schapiro, Andrew H., 1963-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vn52j1 (person)

Andrew H. Schapiro (born April 25, 1963) is an American attorney and diplomat who served as United States Ambassador to the Czech Republic from September 30, 2014 to January 20, 2017. He was nominated by President Barack Obama March 6, 2014 and confirmed by the Senate in July 2014. He was sworn in on August 14, 2014 and presented his credentials to President Miloš Zeman on September 30, 2014. He is currently a partner of Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan. Schapiro grew up in the Chicago metro...

Aponte, Mari Carmen, 1946-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kt7fw2 (person)

Mari Carmen Aponte is a Washington DC-based attorney who was named acting Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs on May 5, 2016, serving until January 20, 2017. Before this post, she served as U.S. Ambassador to El Salvador, a position she first held from August 2010 until December 2011 and then from June 14, 2012, until December 2015. Born in 1946 and raised in the Santurce district of San Juan, Puerto Rico, Aponte earned a B.A. in Political Science at Rosemont College i...

Broas, Timothy M., 1954-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zx298w (person)

Timothy M. Broas (born 1954) is an American lawyer and diplomat who served as the United States Ambassador to the Netherlands from March 19, 2014 to February 12, 2016. Timothy M. Broas was born in Detroit, Michigan. He graduated from Delbarton High School among a small number of highly competitive students, and went on to study economics and history at the Boston College, receiving his Bachelor of Arts in 1976. He then studied law at the College of William & Mary and received his J.D. in 1979...

Costos, James, 1963-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cw572w (person)

James Costos (born 1963) is an American diplomat who was the United States Ambassador to Spain and Andorra from 2013 to 2017. He was appointed by President Barack Obama and confirmed by the United States Senate on August 1, 2013. Costos was born in 1963 and grew up in Lowell, Massachusetts. He is a second-generation Greek-American, whose father served as a U.S. Marine and was stationed at Camp David during the Truman administration. He is the first in his family to graduate college. He earned...

Connelly, Maura

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bw85zj (person)

Ambassador Maura Connelly is a career member of the Senior Foreign Service. Most recently, she served as the U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Lebanon from 2010-13. Previously, she was a Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs with responsibility for the Levant, Israel, and Egypt. Prior to her return to Washington, she was the Chargé d’Affaires of the U.S. Embassy in Damascus, Syria (2008-09). Ms. Connelly has also served as the Political Minister-Counselor for the U.S....

Crocker, Ryan Clark, 1949-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69x14s8 (person)

Ryan Crocker is currently a Diplomat in Residence at Princeton University. Prior to this, he served as a Senior Fellow at the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs at Yale University from 2018 – 2019. From 2010-2011 and 2013-2016, he served as Dean of the George Bush School of Government & Public Service at Texas A&M University, where he holds the Edward and Howard Kruse Endowed Chair. He was the James Schlesinger Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Virginia (2012-2014), and he ...

Elliott, Susan Marsh

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bh3c9t (person)

Susan M. Elliott, Ambassador (ret.) is an accomplished diplomat with an earned doctorate from Indiana University. During her 27-year diplomatic career, Ambassador Elliott held a variety of leadership positions at the U.S. Department of State. She became President and CEO of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy in August 2018. From 2015 to 2017, Ambassador Elliott served as the Civilian Deputy and Foreign Policy Advisor to the Commander of the United States European Command. Ambas...

Entwistle, James F., 1956-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z71ccs (person)

James F. Entwistle (born 1956) was the United States Ambassador to Nigeria from October 28, 2013 to October 2016. From 2010 until 2013 he was the ambassador to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He is a career Foreign Service Officer. He was Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Bangkok, Thailand from July 2007 and was Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Colombo, Sri Lanka from 2004 until 2006 ("with simultaneous accreditation to Maldives"). Entwistle graduated from Dav...

Godec, Robert Frank, 1956-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t54hcn (person)

Robert Frank Godec (born 1956) is an American career diplomat. He is a Career Minister in the Senior Foreign Service and from 2012 to 2019 served as the United States Ambassador to Kenya. From 2006 to 2009 he was the United States Ambassador to Tunisia. Godec graduated from W.T. Woodson High School in Fairfax, Virginia, in 1975. He went on to earn a B.A. in Foreign Affairs at the University of Virginia, where he was associate news editor on the student newspaper The Daily Cavalier, and an M.A...

Heflin, Donald L., 1958-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wt9hjz (person)

Donald L. Heflin (born 1958) is an American diplomat who served as United States Ambassador to Cape Verde from January 2015 to September 2018. The son of Walter and Alice Heflin, Heflin was born in Leesburg, Virginia, but grew up in Huntsville, Alabama, graduating from Butler High School in 1976. He attended Birmingham-Southern College, earning B.A. degrees in political science and religion in 1980. He then went on to law school at the University of Alabama, graduating with a J.D. in 1983. Af...

Jacobson, Tracey Ann, 1965-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dg7fjk (person)

Tracey Ann Jacobson (born 1965) is an American diplomat and a former United States Ambassador to Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Kosovo. She served as the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs from January 2017 through October 2017. Jacobson received her Bachelor of Arts from Johns Hopkins University, and her Master of Arts from the Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. Jacobson has studied Albanian, Serbian, French...

Jones, Deborah Kay, 1956-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wj3db0 (person)

Deborah Kay Jones (born 1956) is an American diplomat and the former United States Ambassador to Libya. Prior to her appointment in Libya, she was the United States Ambassador to Kuwait from 2008 to 2011. Jones graduated from Sahuaro High School in Tucson, Arizona and earned a B.A. from Brigham Young University before joining the State Department in 1982. Early career assignments included two years as country director in the Office of Arabian Peninsula and Iran Affairs, service as staff assis...

Kelly, Ian Crawford, 1953-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xb31p5 (person)

Ian Crawford Kelly (born 1953) is Ambassador (ret.) in Residence at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. He is an American former statesman and senior foreign service officer who last served as the United States Ambassador to Georgia, from 2015 to 2018. He previously served as the U.S. Ambassador to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) from 2010 to 2013. Prior to his ambassadorship, Kelly held a variety of high-level roles at the U.S. State Department, includi...

Kelly, Thomas P., 1961-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sk28x0 (person)

Thomas P. Kelly III (born 1961) is an American diplomat who served as the U.S. Ambassador to Djibouti and Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs. A native of Manhattan Beach, California, Kelly earned his bachelor's degree from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in 1984. He then earned a master's degree in Development Economics from Stanford University and another in Latin American Studies from Georgetown University. Kelly began his career in ...

Levine, Jeffrey D., 1955-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t836td (person)

Jeffrey D. Levine (born 1955) was nominated by U.S. President Barack Obama to be the United States Ambassador to Estonia on February 17, 2012 and was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 29, 2012. He presented his credentials to President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves on September 17, 2012. He left his post on September 27, 2015. Growing up in the San Francisco Bay Area, he holds a bachelor's degree in journalism from California State University, Levine earned a B.A. in Journalism...

Mandell, Robert A., 1947-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62k726g (person)

Following his nomination by President Barack Obama and confirmation by the U.S. Senate, Robert A. Mandell was sworn in as the 21st Ambassador of the United States of America to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on October 25, 2011, in Washington, DC. Prior to becoming the U.S. Ambassador to Luxembourg, he was Chairman and CEO of Greater Properties Inc., a closely held commercial real estate venture in Central Florida. Previously, he served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The Greater Co...

McCarthy, Deborah Ann, 1955-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nd6qkf (person)

Ambassador Deborah A. McCarthy is an international security strategist with over 30 years of experience in Europe, the Western Hemisphere and the U.S. She is currently a consultant with the Transnational Strategy Group in Washington D.C. Just prior, she was the Executive Director of the Diversity and Leadership Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). She moderates the American Academy of Diplomacy podcast series “The General and the Ambassador”. Before joining th...

Mitchell, Derek James, 1964-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cs6hpm (person)

Derek James Mitchell (born September 16, 1964) is an American diplomat with extensive experience in Asia policy. He was appointed by President Barack Obama as the first special representative and policy coordinator for Burma with rank of ambassador, and was sworn in by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on October 2, 2011. On June 29, 2012, the U.S. Senate confirmed him as the new United States Ambassador to Burma. On September 4, 2018, Mitchell succeeded Kenneth Wollack as president of the Nati...

Mozena, Dan W., 1949-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6621prw (person)

Dan Mozena (born May 1, 1949 in Dubuque, Iowa) is a United States Foreign Service Officer and a member of the Senior Foreign Service. He served as the United States Ambassador to Angola (August 2007–July 2010) and Bangladesh (November 2011–January 2015). Mozena graduated from Iowa State University in 1970 with a Bachelor of Science degree in History and Government. He participated in a Cultural Exchange program to Nepal under the auspices of the National 4-H Council from 1970 to 1971. From 19...

Mull, Stephen D., 1958-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xj0fht (person)

Stephen D. Mull (born April 30, 1958) is a retired Senior Foreign Service officer. He served in a number of noteworthy positions, among them Acting Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, Coordinator for Iran Nuclear Implementation, United States Ambassador to Poland, Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs, and United States Ambassador to Lithuania. Born in Reading, Pennsylvania, Mull graduated from Georgetown University with a Bachelor of Science degree in ...

Norland, Richard Boyce, 1955-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pw78s8 (person)

Ambassador Norland was confirmed by the Senate to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Libya on August 1, 2019. A career diplomat, Ambassador Norland most recently served as the Foreign Policy Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Joseph Dunford. Previously he served as U.S. Ambassador to Georgia, U.S. Ambassador to Uzbekistan, Deputy Chief of Mission in Afghanistan and Deputy Chief of Mission in Latvia. He has also served as the International Affairs Advisor/Deputy Commandant ...

North, Walter E., 1950-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k46j0c (person)

Walter North is an American diplomat. He most notably served as the United States Ambassador to Vanuatu (2012-2016), the Solomon Islands (2013-2016), and Papua New Guinea (2013-2016). Born in 1950 and raised in Mount Hermon, Massachusetts, North earned a BA in Theatre-Drama at Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin, in 1972, a JD at the George Washington University Law School, and an MPA at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government in 1990. North served as a Peace Corps volun...

Palmer, Virginia Evelyn, 1963-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h52fw0 (person)

Ambassador Virginia E. Palmer became Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Energy Resources on November 4, 2019. She is a career member of the Senior Foreign Service, rank of Minister Counselor. She was most recently the Deputy Commandant and International Affairs Advisor at the Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy. She served as U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Malawi from January 2015 until June 2019. There, she oversaw an annual bilate...

Pekala, Mark Andrew, 1959-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6301vxk (person)

Mark Pekala has been the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary (PDAS) in the Bureau of International Organization Affairs (IO) since March 2020. Before that, he served as Director of the State Department’s Office of Career Development and Assignments and as Staff Director for the Board of Examiners for the Foreign Service. From 2016 to 2018, Ambassador Pekala was Assistant Professor at the National War College, also serving as Vice Commandant and International Affairs Advisor. He was the U.S. ...

Phillips, John R., 1942-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h23rcb (person)

John R. Phillips, a founding partner of Phillips & Cohen, is a nationally recognized authority on whistleblower cases. Phillips has been called “the nation’s premier whistleblower attorney” by the Wall Street Journal and was recognized by the National Law Journal as one of the “100 Most Influential Lawyers in America.” He also was named several times to Lawdragon’s “500 leading lawyers in America” list, which said, “Influential is the word for Phillips, who in guiding the top qui tam practice...

Reed, Frankie Annette, 1954-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zx29bs (person)

Frankie Annette Reed (born 1954) is a career Foreign Service officer who has held a variety of diplomatic postings in Europe, Africa, and Pacific Island nations. Between 2011 and 2013, she served as concurrent Ambassador to the Republic of the Fiji Islands, the Republic of Nauru, the Kingdom of Tonga, Tuvalu, and the Republic of Kiribati. Reed was also promoted in 2011 to her current standing as a Minister-Counselor within the Senior Foreign Service. A Baltimore, Maryland native, Reed earned ...

Roebuck, William V., 1954-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d03xkg (person)

Ambassador William “Bill” Roebuck is currently the Deputy Special Envoy to the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, and a Senior Advisor to the Special Representative for Syria Engagement Ambassador James Jeffrey. Prior to his appointment, Ambassador Roebuck served as a Senior Advisor to Special Presidential Envoy Brett McGurk from January to December, 2018. William Roebuck was nominated in June 2014 to be Ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain and the Senate confirmed his appointment in November. ...

Schultz, Eric T., 1959-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v22v45 (person)

Eric T. Schultz (born 1959) is a retired American diplomat. He notably served as U.S. Ambassador to Zambia (2014-2017). After graduating with honors from Macalester College, St. Paul, Minnesota in 1982 and completing an M.A. in International Studies at Denver University in 1987, Schultz entered the Foreign Service. His first posting was as General Services Officer in Antananarivo, Madagascar from 1987 to 1989. Next, he served as Vice Consul and General Services Officer in Paris, France from 1...

Shannon, Thomas Alfred, 1958-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6912t4f (person)

Thomas Alfred Shannon Jr. (born 1958) is an American diplomat. From 2016 to 2018, Ambassador Shannon served as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, the third highest ranking position at the State Department. Holding the personal rank of Career Ambassador, he was the highest ranking member of the United States Foreign Service, the country's professional diplomatic corps. During his tenure as Under Secretary, Ambassador Shannon was in charge of bilateral and multilateral foreign poli...

Smith, Dana Shell, 1970-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q34pm7 (person)

Dana Shell Smith (born 1970) is a former American diplomat and career Foreign Service Officer who served as the United States Ambassador to Qatar from July 2014 to June 2017. She was confirmed by the Senate as the U.S. Ambassador to Qatar on July 10, 2014. Previously, she served as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Public Affairs from 2011 to 2014 and as Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Media. In 1992, she graduated from the University of California at San Diego with a bache...

Smith, Daniel Bennett, 1956-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kb3xxz (person)

Daniel Bennett Smith (born March 6, 1956) is the current director of the Foreign Service Institute, the primary training institution for employees of the U.S. foreign affairs community. He has held the rank of Career Ambassador since September 2018. He previously served as Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research at the United States Department of State, assuming that post on April 24, 2014. He is considered a veteran diplomat by the U.S. diplomatic community. Born in Redwoo...

Swan, James Christopher, 1963-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q06069 (person)

James Christopher Swan (born December 10, 1963) is an American diplomat and retired career Foreign Service Officer. He notably served as U.S. Ambassador to Djibouti (2008-2011), Special Representative for Somalia (2011-2013), and U.S. Ambassador to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2013-2016). Born in Washington, D.C., Swan earned a B.Sc. degree from Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service, an M.A. from Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies. During ...

Todd, William Edward, 1961-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n11wx9 (person)

William (Bill) E. Todd was appointed in February 2018 as Deputy Under Secretary for Management. He concurrently served as Acting Under Secretary for Management from June 2017 to May 2019 and Acting Director General of the Foreign Service and Director of Human Resources from June 2017 to Jan 2019. He was most recently the Acting Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs from January 2017 and had served as the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for the same bureau since Aug...

Tueller, Matthew Heywood, 1957-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h8154g (person)

Matthew H. Tueller (born 1957) is an American diplomat who currently serves as the United States Ambassador to Iraq. He is a career foreign service officer. Prior to his current ambassadorship, he served as the United States Ambassador to Kuwait (2011-2014) and Yemen (2014-2019). A Utah native, Tueller grew up in in Europe, North Africa, and Latin America, including four years in Tangier, Morocco. He earned a B.A. in International Relations from Brigham Young University (BYU) in 1975 and a Ma...

Wagar, Kirk W. B., 1969-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fc5s8n (person)

Kirk W. B. Wagar (born July 13, 1969) is a lawyer and diplomat. He notably served as U.S. Ambassador to Singapore (2013-2017). A native of Perth, Ontario, Canada, Wagar came to the United States to attend university. He received a B.A. from Roberts Wesleyan College and a J.D. from the University of Miami. He became a naturalized American citizen in 2004. Wagar began practicing law in 1993 at a civil litigation firm that handled personal injury, Hurricane Andrew and fire loss claims in addi...

Wells, Alice G., 1963-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xb31qm (person)

Alice G. Wells (born 1963) is an American diplomat. She notably served as U.S. Ambassador of the United States of America to Jordan (2014-2017). Wells was born in Beirut, Lebanon to Heidi and Wes Wells. Her father was at the time a U.S. Army officer stationed there as part of President Eisenhower's 1958 Middle East Task Force. After attending Bainbridge Island High School, she earned a BA from Stanford University in 1985 and a joint MA from the University of California at Los Angeles/Rand Cor...

Wesner, Alexa Lange, 1972-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nt1jbg (person)

Alexa Lange Wesner (born 1972) is an American philanthropist, entrepreneur, and diplomat. She notably served as U.S. Ambassador to Austria (2013-2017). Born in Washington, D.C. and raised in Reston, Virginia, Wesner graduated from Stanford University with a degree in Biology. She began her career in technology by moving to Austin, Texas to join Trilogy Software. Three years later, she founded HireTECH, a recruiting and consulting company focused on high-tech start-ups, also serving as Preside...

Wharton, David Bruce, 1954-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dc8r7m (person)

David Bruce Wharton (born 1954) is a retired American diplomat. He notably served as U.S. Ambassador to Zimbabwe (2012-2015). Born in Basel, Switzerland, Wharton graduated from the University of Texas in Austin. He entered the Foreign Service in 1985 and served in public diplomacy positions at U.S. embassies in Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. In Africa, he also had temporary duty in Tanzania, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Ghana. From 1992 to 1995 he worked in Washington, ...

Whitaker, Kevin, 1957-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63w06m8 (person)

Kevin Whitaker (born April 28, 1957) is a United States career diplomat who is the former United States Ambassador to Colombia. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 1, 2014, and sworn in on April 28, 2014. Born in Fort Campbell North, Kentucky, Whitaker received a bachelor's degree in history from the University of Virginia in 1979. He joined the Foreign Service right out of college. Most of his experience has been in Latin America. His early assignments included a tour of...

Whitehead, Robert E., 1950-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qp6x4g (person)

Robert E. Whitehead (born 1950) is an American diplomat. He has served as Chargé d’Affaires for the nations of Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe since 2019. Among his other assignments, he previously served as U.S. Ambassador to Togo (2012-2015). A native of Crawfordsville, Indiana, Whitehead earned his B.A. at Taylor University in Upland, Indiana, and his M.A. in English Literature and Linguistics from Southern Illinois University in Carbondale, Illinois. From 1976 to 1980, he was a volunte...

Yamate, Robert T., 1950-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sg3kng (person)

Robert T. Yamate (born 1950) is an American diplomat and a career member of the Senior Foreign Service. He notably served as U.S. Ambassador to Madagascar and Comoros (2014-2018). A native of Monterey Park, California, Yamate earned an MBA from the University of Pittsburgh in 1983, an MA in teaching from the University of LaVerne, California in 1977, and a B.S. in mathematics from California Polytechnic University at Pomona in California in 1973. Early Foreign Service assignments included ...

Ziadeh, Susan Laila, 1951-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68f0kmw (person)

Susan Laila Ziadeh (born 1951) is a retired American diplomat. She notably served as U.S. Ambassador to Qatar (2011-2014). Ziadeh earned a PhD in history from the University of Michigan, an M.A. from the American University of Beirut, Lebanon, and a B.A. from the University of Washington. She is a 2004 distinguished graduate of the National War College, National Defense University with an M.S. in National Security Strategy. Ziadeh has enjoyed a 23 year career with the U.S. Department of St...

Wood, Robert A., c. 1966-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v80813 (person)

Ambassador Robert A. Wood serves as the U.S. Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament and as U.S. Special Representative for Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) Issues. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 15, 2014. Ambassador Wood also serves as U.S. Commissioner for the New START Treaty’s Bilateral Consultative Commission (BCC). Ambassador Wood previously served as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Mission to the European Union from August 2013 ...