Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de, 1750-1813

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Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur Rochambeau was a French General and Colonial Governor. He was born in Paris, France, on August 7, 1750. He began his military career by fighting with his father in the American War of Independence. His success gained promotions, and he played a key role in campaigns in Saint Domingue, eventually confronting Governor Toussaint Louverture. Beating Louverture, he was captured by other forces on the island but was later returned to France. He died on October 20, 1813, at the Battle of Leipzig, under Napoleon Bonaparte.

From the guide to the Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur Rochambeau Papers, 1764-1803, (Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida)

General and Colonial Governor.

Rochambeau was born in Paris, France, on August 7, 1755. He began his military career by fighting with his father in the American War of Independence. His success gained promotions, and he played a key role in campaigns on Saint Domingue, eventually confronting Governor Toussaint Louverture. Beating Louverture, he was captured by other forces on the island but was later returned to France. He died on October 20, 1813, at the Battle of Leipzig, under Napoleon.

From the description of Papers, 1764-1803. (University of Florida). WorldCat record id: 48669568

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Carrington, Eliza Jaquelin Ambler, fl. 1796-1823,. Papers of the Ambler, Carrington and Minor families [manuscript], 1796-1845. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Rochambeau family. Rochambeau papers and Rochambeau family cartographic archive, 1669-1823. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Carrington, Eliza Jaquelin Ambler, fl. 1796-1823. Papers of Eliza Jaquelin Ambler Carrington [manuscript], 1780-1832. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, 1755-1813. Papers, 1764-1803. University of Florida
creatorOf Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, Vicomte de, 1750-1813. Autograph letter signed : Cap, Santo Domingo, to General Desfourneaux, 1803 Jan. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Crublier d'Opterre, Henri, 1739-1799. Henri Crublier d'Opterre journal and maps, [1776]-1783. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Kurt Fisher Haitian collection, 1727-1958 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de, 1750-1813. Ms. L.S. : Saint-Michel [Saint-Domingue] au Général Leclerc, 1802 Feb. 20. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Choiseul correspondence, 1777-1781 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Fisher, Kurt A., 1908-. Kurt Fisher Haitian collection, 1727-1958. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Toussaint Louverture, 1743-1803. A.L.S. to General Rochambeau 6 fevrier 1802 ; Mss. of prison memoirs 1802 / Toussaint Louverture. Northwestern University
creatorOf Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de, 1750-1813. Ms. L. : Jérémie [Saint-Domingue] au Général Leclerc, 1802 Feb. 20. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de, 1750-1813. Ms. L.S. : Crête à Pierrot [Saint-Domingue] au Général Leclerc, 1802 March 24. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, Vicomte de, 1750-1813. Autograph letter signed, on behalf of his son, 1789 Feb. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur Rochambeau Papers, 1764-1803 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn Crublier d'Opterre, Henri, 1739-1799. Henri Crublier d'Opterre journal and maps, [1776]-1783. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Rochambeau family. Rochambeau papers and Rochambeau family cartographic archive, 1669-1823. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Carrington, Eliza Jaquelin Ambler, fl. 1796-1823. person
associatedWith Choiseul, Louis Marie Gabriel César de, 1734-1796 person
associatedWith Crublier d'Opterre, Henri, 1739-1799. person
associatedWith Desfourneaux, Edme Étienne Borne, 1767-1849, person
associatedWith Fisher, Kurt A., 1908- person
associatedWith France. Armée corporateBody
associatedWith Leclerc, Charles, 1772-1802. person
associatedWith Rochambeau family. person
associatedWith Toussaint Louverture, 1743-1803. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Martinique
Haiti
Haiti
Martinique
Haiti
Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)
France
Jamaica
Haiti
Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)
Jamaica
Haiti
Subject
Yellow fever
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1750-08-05

Death 1813-10-20

French

French

Information

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