Spaatz, Carl, 1891-1974

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Carl Andrew Spaatz (born Spatz; June 28, 1891 – July 14, 1974), nicknamed "Tooey", was an American World War II general. As commander of Strategic Air Forces in Europe in 1944, he successfully pressed for the bombing of the enemy's oil production facilities as a priority over other targets. He became Chief of Staff of the newly formed United States Air Force in 1947.

Spaatz retired with the rank of general on June 30, 1948. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal with two oak leaf clusters, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross and Bronze Star Medal. He also has the Mexican Interior Campaign ribbon, the World War I ribbon with three battle stars, the pre-Pearl Harbor ribbon with star, the European Theater ribbon with six stars, the Pacific Theater ribbons, the American Theater ribbon, and the World War II Victory ribbon. His foreign honors include a Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honor, the French Croix de Guerre with Palm, a Grand Commander of the British Empire, Russia's Second Order of Suvorov and Poland's Polonia Restituta, Commander's Cross with Star.

General Spaatz died July 14, 1974, at the age of 83. He was interred at the U.S. Air Force Academy.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn GIBBS, AM Sir Gerald Ernest (1896-1992), 1917-1984 King's College London, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
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referencedIn Ridenour, Louis N. (Louis Nicot), 1911-1959. Louis N. Ridenour papers, 1917-1960 (bulk 1945-1959). Library of Congress
creatorOf Carl Spaatz Papers, 1910-1981, (bulk 1942-1963) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
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creatorOf Spaatz, Carl, 1891-1974. Reminiscences of Carl Spaatz :koral history, 1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
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referencedIn Louis N. Ridenour Papers, 1917-1960, (bulk 1945-1959) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
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referencedIn Records of the Army Air Forces. 1902 - 1964. Motion Picture Films from the "Combat Film Report" Program Series. 1942 - 1945. PANTELLERIA National Archives at College Park
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referencedIn Elwood R. Quesada Papers. 1920 - 1967. Photographs Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
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referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Army Coverage of Inaugurations. 1949 - 1953. EISENHOWER INAUGURATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESENTATION OF MEDALS BY MAJ. GEN. SPAATZ National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GENERAL SPAATZ BEFORE SENATE COMMITTEE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Special Film Reports. 1944 - 1945. ACTIVITIES IN EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS (BREMEN) [ETC.] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. TESTIMONIAL DINNER National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRES. TRUMAN AWARDS D.S.M. TO GENERAL CARL SPAATZ National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Ruth M. Briggs Papers. 1942 - 1945. Photographs Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. OPERATION TITANIC National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Operation Titanic National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FOREIGN CIVIL AIR PATROL CADETS VISIT UNITED STATES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GENERAL CARL SPAATZ RECEIVES USAFA'S THOMAS D. WHITE AWARD, COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO National Archives at St. Louis
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Motion Picture Films from "United News" Newsreels. 1942 - 1945. VICTORY ROUND-UP
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 16] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Papers as President, Map Room File. 1939 - 1945. The Franklin D. Roosevelt/Winston Churchill Correspondence. 1939 - 1945. 1942 Correspondence. 1942 - 1942. Franklin D. Roosevelt to Winston Churchill Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. ADM NIMITZ PRESENTED KNIGHTS OF BATH ABOARD DUKE OF YORK National Archives at College Park
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referencedIn Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950. John W. Huston - Henry H. Arnold collection, 1944-1945. US Air Force Academy, McDermott Library
creatorOf Spaatz, Carl, 1891-1974. Carl Spaatz papers, 1910-1981 (bulk 1942-1963). Library of Congress
referencedIn United Aircraft Corporation Collection. 1953 - 1953. Motion Picture Film. 1953 - 1953. WE SAW IT HAPPEN National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Morrison, Philip. Oral History interview with Philip Morrison, 2002. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Lewis F. Powell Jr. Papers The Library at Washington and Lee University School of Law, Law Library
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referencedIn Papers, ca.1905-1989 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
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Relation Name
correspondedWith Anderson, Frederick L., 1905-1969 person
correspondedWith Andrews, Frank Maxwell, 1884-1943. person
correspondedWith Arnold, Eleanor Pool person
correspondedWith Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950 person
associatedWith Arnold, Henry Harley, 1886-1950. person
associatedWith Birren, William B., 1898-1973. person
correspondedWith Bradley, Omar Nelson, 1893-1981 person
correspondedWith Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974. person
correspondedWith Cherne, Leo, 1912- person
correspondedWith Cochran, Jacqueline person
associatedWith Copp, DeWitt S., 1919-1999. person
correspondedWith De Seversky, Alexander P. (Alexander Procofieff), 1894-1974 person
correspondedWith Eaker, Ira, 1896-1987. person
correspondedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 person
correspondedWith Foulois, Benjamin Delahauf, 1879-1967. person
associatedWith Hopper, Bruce C. (Bruce Campbell), 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Klitgaard, Georgina, 1893- person
correspondedWith Knerr, Hugh Johnston, 1887-1971 person
correspondedWith Lahm, Frank Purdy, 1877-1963 person
associatedWith Leach, W. Barton (Walter Barton), 1900- person
correspondedWith LeMay, Curtis E. person
correspondedWith LeMay, Curtis E. person
correspondedWith Lovett, Robert A. (Robert Abercrombie), 1895-1986 person
correspondedWith Mack, Ted person
correspondedWith Mack, Ted person
correspondedWith Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959 person
correspondedWith Mitchell, William, 1879-1936 person
associatedWith Morrison, Philip. person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 person
correspondedWith Patterson, Robert Porter, 1891-1952 person
correspondedWith Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1885-1945. person
associatedWith Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. person
correspondedWith Quesada, Elwood R. (Elwood Richard), 1904- person
associatedWith Ridenour, Louis N. (Louis Nicot), 1911-1959. person
associatedWith RUTH BALDWIN (COWAN) NASH, 1901-1993 person
associatedWith Segal, Gedalia, 1908- person
associatedWith Shaughnessy, Donald F., person
correspondedWith Snyder, John W. (John Wesley), 1895-1985 person
correspondedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950 person
correspondedWith Symington, Stuart, 1901-1988 person
correspondedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
correspondedWith Twining, Nathan F. (Nathan Farragut), 1897-1982 person
memberOf United States. Air Force. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army Air Forces. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Archives and Records Administration corporateBody
associatedWith United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe. corporateBody
correspondedWith Vandenberg, Hoyt Sanford, 1899-1954 person
correspondedWith Warner, Jack, 1916- person
correspondedWith White, Thomas D. (Thomas Dresser), 1901-1965 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Boyertown PA US
District of Columbia DC US
Subject
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations
Operation Overlord
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--France--Normandy
Distinguished Service Cross (U.S.)
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Africa, North
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American
Air pilots--Interviews
Aeronautics, Military
Operation Torch, 1942
Aeronautics
Veterans--Interviews
Aviation
Distinguished Service Medal (U.S.)
Occupation
Chief of Staff
Airforce officers
Pilots
Army officers
Activity

Person

Birth 1891-06-28

Death 1974-07-14

Male

Americans

English

Information

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