Petty, William, marquis of Lansdowne, 1737-1805

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Lord Shelburne served under Lord Granby in Germany in 1757. He took his seat in the House of Lords in 1761 and became President of the Board of Trade in 1763. He was appointed Secretary for the Southern Department under Pitt in 1766, but after facing opposition from George III resigned in 1768 and spent fourteen years in opposition. During this period he undertook the Grand Tour and became acquainted with many of Europe’s leading men and women, particularly the Abbé Morellet, with whom he corresponded. See Edmund George Petty, Baron Fitzmaurice, Lettres de l’abbé Morellet…á Lord Shelburne (Paris, 1898). As First Lord of the Treasury, 1782-1783, Lord Shelburne conceded independence to the United States and made peace with France and Spain.

Epithet: formerly Fitzmaurice

Title: 2nd Earl of Shelburne, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000815.0x0001f4

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referencedIn VOL. I. Contains rough drafts or copies of letters from Sir Elijah Impey to various persons in England, 1774-1780, viz. to Mr. Murray (Consul at Madeira), 1774, f. 3;-[William Henry Nassau, 4th] Earl of Rochford (Secretary of State), 1774, 25 Mar. 17..., 1774-1780 British Library
referencedIn MS 294: Letters & Notes Relating to Josiah Tucker, 1776-1791 Library, St John's College, Oxford
referencedIn LIVERPOOL PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 166). Letters to the Ist Earl of Liverpool from (a) Henry Dundas, Lord Advocate of Scotland (1775-1783), Treasurer of the Navy (1782-1783, 1784-1800), Home Secretary (1791-1794), President of the India Board (1793-180..., 1778-1794 British Library
referencedIn (XV. ff. 321). Jan.-Sept. 1782.George Aust, Under Secretary: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1778-1789.includes:ff. 3, 41 Mary Darcy, wife of Robert, 6th Earl of Holdernesse: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1782-1784. ff. 5, 17, 31, 33, 47, 71... British Library
referencedIn FOX PAPERS. Vol. XXI (ff. 151). (1) Letters from C. J. Fox to John Fitzpatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory; 1772-1802. ff. 1-42b. (2) Correspondence of Lord Upper Ossory with his brother, General the Hon. Richard Fitzpatrick; 1776-1802, n.d. ff. 43-134..., 1767-1811 British Library
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS AND PAPERS, viz.:-A. Certificate of election as Tribuno Superiore in the Legione Calabro-Meridionale of the Falange Sacra issued to citizen Eugenio Panizza; May, 1865. Ital. Signed, and partly written, by Giuseppe Mazzini, the..., 1616-1936 British Library
referencedIn (XXIV. ff. 302). July-Oct. 1782.includes:ff. 1, 8, 18, 31, 44, 63, 69, 75, 86, 92, 96, 105, 123, 140, 142, 148, 156, 175, 198, 229, 252, 261, 271, 279, 285, 299 William Fraser, Under Secretary of State: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1774-1789. ff. 3, ... British Library
referencedIn (XXXIII. ff. 335). 19 July-Dec. 1785.includes:ff. 1, 6, 21, 63, 75, 270 James Cruden: Letters to Sir R. M Keith: 1785. ff. 8, 39, 100 Marianne Pergen: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1784-1789. ff. 10, 70 Lord John Murray: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1... British Library
referencedIn Vol. Xl (ff. 362). Oct. 1762-16 June, 1763.City of Paris: Papers rel. to Peace of: 1763.Louis XV of France: Correspondence rel. to negotiations with England and Spain: 1761-1763.Charles III of Spain: Correspondence rel. to negotiations with England ... British Library
creatorOf Vol. II (ff. i+250). 1729-1773.General Sir Thomas Spencer Wilson, 6th Baronet: Correspondence and papers: 1753-1780: Partly copies.includes:f. i Bookplates and Book-stamps: Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson, 7th Baronet; d.1821: Armorial bookplates of Sir T..., 1729-1773 British Library
referencedIn Vol IV. (ff. 506), 1784-1788.includes:f. 2 W-Fitzherbert: Letter to Jeremy Bentham: 1784. f. 22 Jean de Lephast: Letter to S. Bentham: 1784.: Copy. f. 50 Sergius Pleschejeff: Letter to Joseph II. of Germany: 1784.: Copy. f. 51 Sergius Pleschejeff..., 1784-1788 British Library
referencedIn (XXXVI. ff. 318). Feb.-July, 1787.includes:ff. 1, 181 John Dalrymple, Viscount Dalrymple; 6th Earl of Stair 1789; Minister to Prussia: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1778-1787. ff. 3, 72, 198, 247, 262, 293, 297 Joseph Ewart, Envoy at Berlin: Correspon... British Library
referencedIn (IX. ff. 336). Jan. 1776-June, 1777.includes:ff. 1, 14, 16, 65, 98, 114, 120, 159, 165, 200 Sir James Porter, diplomatist: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1768-1776. f. 3 Sir John Hynde Cotton, 4th Baronet; MP: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. l. (ff. 498). Undated I-Z.includes:f. 1 François d' Ivernois, French Economist and Writer: Letters to Lord Auckland: 1798. f. 2 Francis James Jackson, Secretary to English Embassies at Berlin and Madrid: Letters to Lord Auckland: 1790-1792. f...., approximately 1861 British Library
referencedIn (III, ff. 309). 1781 -Sept. 1782.Major William Stevenson: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1779-1787.Colonel Thomas Watson Ward: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1776-1783.Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke: Correspondence rel. to the Cambridges..., 1781-1782 British Library
creatorOf THE NOWELL-BURGHLEY ATLAS: a geographical commonplace book containing two maps, of Sicily, and of England, Wales, Ireland and part of Scotland, by Lawrence Nowell, and itineraries partly in the hand of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley; circa 1564-15..., 1559-1570 British Library
referencedIn MACKINTOSH COLLECTIONS. Vol. XXXVII. (ff. 379). Notes and extracta relating to English History, 18th cent., including:-1. Letters from James Radclilfe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater, to his wife and mother, written shortly before his execution in 1716; w..., 18th century British Library
referencedIn GIBBON PAPERS. Vol. XIII. Original letters addressed to Edward Gibbon; 1755-1794. The names of the writers will be found in the index. They include, besides his family and intimate friends, Madlle. Curchod, both before and after her marriage, her hus..., 1755-1794 British Library
referencedIn (XXVIII. ff. 296). 12 Sept.-31 Dec. 1783.includes:f. 1 Colonel James Seton: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1783, 1784. ff. 3, 47, 160 Nathaniel Green, Consul at Trieste and (1787) at Nice: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1775 -1790. ff. 5, 11, 21, 49, 62... British Library
referencedIn (XXXIX. ff. 377). July, 1788-Dec. 1789.includes:f. 1 Catherine Gaudy: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1776-1788.: Fr. ff. 3, 11 Baron-Jenison: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1788.: Fr. ff. 5, 15, 44, 56, 82, 101, 301, 305, 307, 311, 348 Edward Stanley, C... British Library
referencedIn (IV. ff. 378). 1767-June, 1769.includes:ff. 1, 3, 14, 17, 19, 21, 59, 114, 289, 290, 301-309, 324-344, 348, 354-358 James Harris, of Salisbury: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1762-1779. ff. 1, 3, 14, 17-21, 289, 290, 296, 301, 303, 324-344, 348,..., 1767-1769 British Library
referencedIn Vol. I (ff. 280). 1761-1774.includes:f. 1 George Greville, 2nd Earl of Warwick: Letters to Sir W. Hamilton: 1761, 1768.f. 3 George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax; formerly Montagu: Letter to Sir W. Hamilton: 1764.: Signed.f. 5 Thomas Panton,..., 1761-1774 British Library
referencedIn (X. ff. 307). July, 1777-July, 1778.includes:ff. 1, 2 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne; 1st Marquess of Lansdowne; formerly Fitzmaurice: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1768 -1787. f. 3 George Maddison, Under.-Secretary of State: Letters to ... British Library
referencedIn (XVI. ff. 321). Oct. 1782-July, 1783.includes:ff. 1, 9, 18, 45, 54, 71, 126, 127, 134, 145, 148-150, 167, 168, 172, 237, 253, 274, 281, 285, 294, 296, 311 George Aust, Under Secretary: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1778-1789. ff. 2, 220, 222, 2... British Library
referencedIn (III. ff. 421). 6 Aug.-30 Sept. 1801.includes:ff. 1, 9, 107, 325 Arthur Annesley, 8th Viscount Valentia; 1st Earl of Mountnorris 1793: Correspondence with the 3rd Lord 1751, Hardwicke: 1801-1807. ff. 7,369 George Lambert: Letters to the 3rd Lord Har... British Library
referencedIn LEEDS PAPERS. Vol. CXX (ff. 321). (1) Correspondence of Lord Holdernesse with officers of the British forces in Germany, including Lord George Sackville afterw. Germain (1st Viscount Sackville 1782) (ff. 1-258 passim), and John Manners, Marquess of G..., 1758-1760 British Library
referencedIn FOX PAPERS. Vol. XXV (ff. 101). (1) Letters to General the Hon. R. Fitzpatrick from Marie Joseph Paul Roch Yves Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette, and his wife, Marie Adrienne Françoise; 1777-1810. Mostly in French. The letter at f. 36, 8 Oct...., 1759-1811 British Library
referencedIn FOX PAPERS. Vol. XXIX (ff. i+54). Correspondence of William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, as Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, with William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne (lst Marquess of Lansdowne 1784); 16 Apr.-22 June 1782. Copies and ex... British Library
referencedIn (XXXI. ff. 299). 16 Nov. 1784-15 Mar. 1785.includes:ff. 1, 15, 45, 46, 92, 185, 206, 228, 282, 285 Francis Godolphin Osborne, Marquess of Carmarthen; 5th Duke of Leeds: Correspondence with Sir R. M. Keith: 1780-1791. ff. 3, 11, 13, 17, 28, 34, 37, 5... British Library
creatorOf Vol. I (ff. 270). A -G.includes:f. 1 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen; formerly Gordon; Prime Minister: Letter to A. Panizzi: 1856. f. 3 William Harrison Ainsworth, alias 'Cheviot Ticheburn'; novelist: Letter to A. Jones: 1840. f. 4 Ge... British Library
referencedIn LETTERS addressed to Lord St. Vincent, with various miscellaneous papers and memoranda; 1756-1823. Among the writers are:-1. [William Petty] Earl of Shelburne, on Lord St. Vincent being made K.B.; [1782]. f. 275. 2. Admiral [Horatio] Lord Nelson; Pa..., 1756-1823 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXXI. (XXX. ff. 273). Undated and miscellaneous.In the last volume are included:-1. Line of battle of the combined English and Dutch fleet under Vice-Adm. Sir George Rooke in 1692. f. 77. 2. List of the Russian squadron at Constantinople under ..., 18th century-19th century British Library
referencedIn Vol. I. (ff. 501). 1743-1789.includes:f. 1 Martin Foukes: Letter to Kennon: 1743. f. 3 Samuel Johnson, LLD; lexicographer: Letter to Dr. Taylor: 1752.: Copy. f. 5 John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute; Prime Minister: Letter to Lord 1761. f. 6 Philip Dorm..., 1743-1789 British Library
referencedIn (XXXII. ff. 305). 16 Mar.-15 July, 1785.includes:f. 1 Henry Dawkins: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1785. f. 3 Lady Juliana Dawkins, wife of Henry Dawkins: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1784, 1785. ff. 5, 62, 81, 115, 161, 183 Robert Arbuthnot, junior: ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. VI. (ff. 711), 1795-1798.Panopticon: Correspondence and papers relating to Jeremy Bentham's panopticon: 1789-1812.includes:f. 3 John Lloyd: Letter to S. Bentham: 1795. f. 6 François d' Ivernois, French Economist and Writer: Letters to Jeremy Be..., 1795-1798 British Library
referencedIn " RIDER'S British Merlin" for 1767, 1768, 1770 and 1771 ; the printed almanacs, with notes on the blank leaves by William, Earl of Shelburne. Four volumes. Paper; ff. 36, 33,42, 50. Bound in gilt morocco. Duodecimo., 1767-1771 British Library
creatorOf Vol. III (ff. 226). P -Y.includes:f. 1 William Paley, Archdeacon of Carlisle: Letter to the Rev. A. Youle: 1795.f. 3 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston; Prime Minister: Letter to — Thomson: 1836.f. 4 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Pal... British Library
referencedIn WARREN HASTINGS PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. i + 153). Miscellaneous correspondence of Warren Hastings, 1775-1818. Among the correspondents (all of whom are given in the Index) are: Lord Mansfield, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dr. Samuel Johnson, Sir William Jones, L..., 1775-1818 British Library
referencedIn FOX PAPERS. Vol. XXIV (ff. 265). General correspondence of General the Hon. R. Fitzpatrick; 1773-1813.General Hon Richard Fitzpatrick, MP: General correspondence: 1773-1813.includes:ff. 1-42b passim William Fawkener, Clerk of the council, Secretary t..., 1773-1813 British Library
referencedIn LETTER-BOOK of Samuel Bentham, the naval architect, and Jeremy Bentham, the philosopher, his brother; 20 Jan. O.S. 1784-25 Nov. 1789. The earlier letters (ff. 1-36) relate to S. Bentham's employment in Russia, and the bulk of the volume (ff. 37-222)... British Library
creatorOf PETTY PAPERS. VOL. LV (ff. 103).1. ff. 1-51. Deeds, articles, etc., concerning the lease of woods in Kerry to John White and subsequent transactions; 1705-1776. Mostly drafts and copies.2. ff. 52-103v. Correspondence, accounts, proposals, plans, etc...., 1705-1852 British Library
referencedIn Vol V. (ff. 629), 1789-1794.Prisons: Letters and papers relating to J. Bentham's panopticon: 1789-1812.Panopticon: Correspondence and papers relating to Jeremy Bentham's panopticon: 1789-1812.includes:ff. 1, 5, 41, 53, 66, 115, 133,180, 210, 268, 272..., 1789-1794 British Library
referencedIn (XXI. ff. 343). Jan. 1787-Jan. 1790.includes:f. 1 Henry Pelham: Letter to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1787. ff. 3, 146, 239, 301 Colonel Thomas Pownall, MP; Governor of Massachusetts and S Carolina: Letters to the 2nd Lord Hardwicke: 1778-1789. ff. 5-1... British Library
creatorOf CHARNWOOD AUTOGRAPHS. Vol. I. English historical autographs, etc., circa 16th-20th cent. Included are Henry VII, Charles I, Oliver Cromwell, William III, Anne, and George II; Sir Philip Sidney, Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, Thomas, 3rd Bar..., approximately 16th century-20th century British Library
referencedIn Vol. CXX (ff. 183). 10 Nov 1781-31 July, 1787.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.includes:f. 1 Montague Cribb, widow of Major R Cribb: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1781. f. ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. 1. 1765-1801.includes:ff. 104, 147 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne; 1st Marquess of Lansdowne; formerly Fitzmaurice: Letters to Lord St. Vincent: 1776, 1782. f. 347 Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson: Letters to Lord St. Vincent:..., 1765-1801 British Library
referencedIn Vol. vii. (ff. 524). Aug. 1781-July, 1782.includes:ff. 8, 40, 73, 91, 95, 103, 108, 118, 131, 133, 149, 163, 169, 184, 188, 197, 208, 219, 228, 318, 324, 350, 372, 379, 387 Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsborough; 1st Marquess of Downshire: Correspondence w... British Library
referencedIn HARDWICKE PAPERS. Vol. DCCLXXV. Warrants to the Attorney-or Solicitor-General for patents for inventions; 1720-1733, 1757-1766. Signed by the King or Lords Justices, and countersigned by Secretaries of State. The 1st Lord Hardwicke was Solicitor-Ge..., 1720-1766 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XI. (X. ff. 476). 16 June-31 July, 1799.includes:f. 1 Captain John Stiles: Letters to Lord Nelson: 1799, 1800. ff. 3, 16, 19, 36, 38 Sir William Hamilton, KB; Envoy at Naples: Letters to Lord Nelson: 1793-1800. ff. 6, 46, 88-92, 101-105, 108, ... British Library
referencedIn (XXXIV. ff. 369). Jan.-June 1786.includes:ff. 1, 86, 241, 317 Catherine Gaudy: Letters to Sir R. M. Keith: 1776-1788.: Fr. f. 3 General Georg von? Brown, Count: Letter to Sir R. M. Keith: 1786. ff. 5, 61 Samuel Manesty, E I Company's Agent at Basso... British Library
referencedIn Vol III. (ff. 471), 1780-1783.includes:f. 6 George Wilson: Letter to S. Bentham: 1780. f. 14 I-Poli: Letter to Jeremy Bentham: 1780. ff. 18, 125, 129, 131, 140, 142, 242, 262, 265, 270, 273 Russian Language: Letters written in Russian among the Be..., 1780-1783 British Library
referencedIn Vol. III. 5 Jan. 1806-17 May 1810, and undated.includes:ff. 3,197 Demetrio Antonopoulo: Letters from him and his wife to W. Windham: 1806, n.d.ff. 5, 118, 129, 142, 211 George James Cholmondeley, Commissioner of Excise: Correspondence with W. Win... British Library
referencedIn Vol. X, 1764-1792.includes:ff. 1-14b Elizabeth Vassall Fox, formerly Fox; wife of Henry, 3rd Baron Holland: Copies by, of correspondence and verses: 1808, 1820, n.d.ff. 1, 4, 6b, 7b, 9, 11, 89 George Macartney, Earl Macartney: Letters to, from C..., 1764-1792 British Library
creatorOf ROYAL LETTERS AND WARRANTS signed by Henry VIII, Mary of Guise, Queen Consort of James V, James VI and I, Charles II, William III and George III; 1542-1783. Presented, with Add. Ch. 75501, 75502 and 75844, by Norwich Museums Committee through R. R. C..., 1542-1783 British Library
referencedIn (IX. ff. 254). July, 1763-1766.George III of England: Warrants signed by: 1760-1766.Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond and Lennox: Warrant as Lieutenant of co. Sussex: 1763.Hon Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor: Warrants to, as Solicitor General and A..., 1763-1766 British Library
referencedIn BRIDPORT PAPERS. Vol. II. (ff. 80). Letters to Lord Bridport, 1773-1800, from:-(I) [William Pitt, Earl of] Chatham; 8 Apr. 1773-28 Dec. 1777. Eight letters, the fifth of which (6 June, 1773) contains the following characteristic passage, "What can Fr... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Tucker, Josiah., 1712-1799 person
associatedWith William Seward, fl. ca. 1790 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Sardinia, Italy
Lagos, Portugal
Chesapeake Bay, North America
Paris, France
Italy, Europe
New England, America
Weekley, Northamptonshire
Tunis, Tunisia
Daylesford, Worcestershire
Ajaccio, Corsica
Corsica, France
Alexandria, Egypt
Barcelona, Catalonia
Cherbourg, France
Port Glasgow, Renfrewshire
Gibraltar, Spain
Malta, Europe
India, Asia
Corsica, France
Mayence, Germany
Norwich, Norfolk
Ireland, Europe
Droitwich, Worcestershire
Ireland, Europe
Kenmare, Kerry
Channel Islands, United Kingdom
Sudbury, Suffolk
Sicily, Italy
St. Domingo, West Indies
Bocas Islands, Trinidad
Cortona, Italy
Ireland, Europe
St. Elmo, Naples
Kerry, Ireland
Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany
Algiers, Africa
Capua, Italy
Azores, North Atlantic Ocean
Minden, Westphalia
Liverpool, Lancashire
West Indies, America
Greenwich, Kent
Minorca, Spain
India, Asia
Morea, Greece
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Egypt, Africa
Netherlands, Europe
Portland, Dorset
United States of America
Ireland, Europe
Whitchaven, Cumberland
Kingham, Oxfordshire
Alfaques, Spain
Mediterranean Sea, Europe
Australia, Australia
Ireland, Europe
Alexandria, Egypt
Jamaica, Central America
Ireland, Europe
Sicily, Italy
Delaware Bay, North America
Antigua, the Carribean
Newry, Down
Gaeta, Italy
Scotland, United Kingdom
Naples, Bay of, Italy
Glasgow, Scotland
Italy, Europe
Zafarin Islands, Morocco
Ireland, Europe
Malta, Europe


Birth 1737

Death 1805



Ark ID: w6w7776j

SNAC ID: 7551702