Walker, Alexander, 1764-1831

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Epithet: Brigad. - General, Governor of St. Helena

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000701.0x000392

Brig.-General. Resident at the Court of the Gaekwar of Baroda, 1802-1807.

From the description of Reports, 1807 November-December. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122561004

Epithet: of Add MS 40601

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001188.0x00038e

Epithet: Fditor of the ' Archives of Universal Science.'

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000701.0x000395

Epithet: Glasgow City Assessor

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000701.0x000396

Epithet: Reverend

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000701.0x000399

Brigadier-general Alexander Walker (1764-1831) made a collection of Persian, Sanskrit and Arabic manuscripts, presumably while Governor of Baroda. See the Dictionary of National Biography for details.

From the guide to the Persian, Sanskrit and Arabic manuscripts of Alexander Walker, 15th?-19th century, (University of Oxford, Department of Oriental Collections, Bodleian Library)

Epithet: physiologist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000701.0x000398

The Malabar Coast is the name given to the 845 kilometres (525 miles) long stretch of the south-west coast of India, from Goa state in the north to the southern tip of the peninsula at Kanniyakumri (Cape Comorin), primarily in Kerala state and North Karnataka state. It is a narrow coastal plain bounded by the Western Ghats, and monsoon rains make it a fertile rice-growing region. The Malabar Coast was the scene of trade struggles in the 16th and early 17th centuries between the Portuguese and their European and Indian rivals. In the late 17th century British traders gained control of the region.

The defeat of the Portuguese in India by the East India Company in 1612 had won it trading concessions from the Mughal Empire. It then acted as an agent of British imperialism in India from the early 18th century to the mid-19th century.

While in his mid-teens, in 1780, Alexander Walker (born 12 May 1764) was appointed as a cadet in the service of the East India Company. In 1782 he became an ensign and in the same year took part in campaigns against the forts of Haidar Ali Khan (also spelled Hayder Ali, the father of Tipu Sahib, or Tippoo) on the Malabar Coast. Walker was also present at Mangalore during the siege by Tipu and its subsequent surrender in January 1784. In 1788, after a period in enemy hands, and after taking part in an expedition to the north-west coast of America undertaken by the Bombay government, he was made a lieutenant and was sent with the expedition to relieve the Rajah of Travancore in 1790. In 1791, he was an adjutant.

On the conclusion of this stage of the war against Tipu, a commission was nominated to regulate the affairs of Malabar, and Walker was appointed as an assistant. On the arrival in Malabar of General James Stuart (d. 1793), commander-in-chief of the army in Bombay, he became his military secretary. In 1797, Walker was made captain, and the same year he became quartermaster-general of the Bombay army with the rank of major. In 1799, he took part in the last war against Tipu and was present at the fighting at Seedaseer and at the siege of Seringapatam (also spelled Srirangapatan, and also known as Shrirangapattana) during which Tipu Sahib was killed.

In 1800, Walker was sent to the Mahratta states with the intention of pacifying and reforming the region and the Mahratta confederacy. Discontent in Baroda culminated in the insurrection of Mulhar Rao in 1801, though this was put down by 1802. In June 1803, Walker was appointed political resident at Baroda and he succeeded in establishing an orderly administration there. His career continued in India, and he attained the rank of lieutenant-general in 1808. In 1810 he returned to Britain, doubtless to his estate of Bowland in Edinburgh and Selkirk, and he retired from service in 1812. Ten years later in 1822 he was called back from his retirement to the government of St. Helena which was under the administration of the East India Company. There he had the rank of brigadier-general. While in St. Helena, he improved the island's agriculture and horticulture. Brigadier-General Alexander Walker died in Edinburgh on 5 March 1831.

From the guide to the Drawings of Trees and Plants on the Malabar Coast, 18th century, (Edinburgh University Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Walker, Alexander, 1764-1831. Indic documents, 1796-1827. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Vol. III, ff. 353, P-Z.includes:f. 1 Frederick W. Pailthorpe, illustrator to C Dickens: Letter to W. Miller: 1903. f. 2 Francis Turner Palgrave, poet and anthologist: Letter to -: 1862. f. 3 Edward Henry Palmer, orientalist: Letter to S. 0. Grey: 187... British Library
referencedIn Vol. III.includes:ff. 5, 17 Reverend William Bryce: Letters to G. Chalmers: 1807-1808. ff. 19, 21 Robert Muter, DD: Letters to G. Chalmers: 1805-1808. f. 23 George Frederick Beltz, Lancaster Herald: Letter to G. Chalmers: 1808. ff. 27, 119 Patrick... British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXI (ff. 287). U-W.includes:ff.1-4 Paul Vaillant, bookseller, of London; nephew of Isaac Vaillant: Letters to T. Birch: 1743-1753.ff. 6, 9-12 Rodolph Valltravers, FRS: Letters to T. Birch: 1755-1763.f. 7 Sauveur François Morand, FRS; Frenc... British Library
referencedIn Sir, Michael Redgrave, Archive, 1890-1996 V&A Museum: Department of Theatre and Performance
referencedIn Drawings of Trees and Plants on the Malabar Coast, 18th century Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Walker, Alexander, 1764-1831. Reports, 1807 November-December. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Drawings of Trees and Plants on the Malabar Coast, 18th century Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXXI (ff. 350). Jan.-June 1849.includes:f. 1 John Henry Manners, 5th Duke of Rutland: Correspondence with Sir R. Peel: 1834-1849.f. 4 Charles William Vane, Baron Stewart; formerly Stewart; 3rd Marquess of Londonderry: Correspondence with ... British Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Vol. XCVIII (ff. 224). Aug. 1915-Apr. 1916.Albert I of Belgium: Papers rel. to the War Refugees Committee: 1914-1919.includes:f. 1 Sir Harry Fagg Batterbee, GCMG: Correspondence with Lord Gladstone: 1915.f. 2 William Wilson Hoy, General Manager, ... British Library
creatorOf Persian, Sanskrit and Arabic manuscripts of Alexander Walker, 15th?-19th century University of Oxford, Department of Oriental Collections, Bodleian Library
referencedIn Papers, 1803-1880. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gore Vidal papers, 1875-2004 (inclusive), 1936-2000 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Persian, Sanskrit and Arabic manuscripts of Alexander Walker, 15th?-19th century University of Oxford, Department of Oriental Collections, Bodleian Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, R-Z, and unidentified. Houghton Library.
referencedIn PAPERS relating to the disposal of the furniture and effects at Longwood, after the death of Napoleon; including, Printed catalogue of sale of household furniture; 1 April, 1822 ; with prices, f. 1; Corrected copy of Sir H. Lowe's statement relative ... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Garrett, Robert, 1875-1961, person
associatedWith Great Britain. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Neal, John, 1793-1876 person
correspondedWith Redgrave, Michael person
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Walker Alexander 1764-1831 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
India
India
Malabar Coast (India)
Ireland, Europe
St Helena, South Atlantic Ocean
Subject
Trees
Botany
Jainism--Customs and practices--19th century
Manuscripts, Arabic
Sanskrit languages--19th century
Manuscripts, Sanskrit
Manuscripts, Persian
Manuscripts, Oriental
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1764

Death 1831

Information

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