World peace foundation

Variant names

Hide Profile

In 1910, textbook magnate Edwin Ginn founded the International School of Peace in Boston, renamed the World Peace Foundation shortly thereafter. The World Peace Foundation was founded with the express purpose of educating and mobilizing public opinion towards the cause of peace. Early trustees of the foundation included Edwin Mead, founder of The New England Magazine; Sarah L. Arnold, dean of Simmons College; A. Lawrence Lowell, president of Harvard University; and Joseph Swain, president of Swarthmore College. The Foundation focused on pamphlets as the most efficacious way of reaching large numbers of people. Ginn was also a proponent of networking with peace organizations in other areas. In the years prior to the First World War, the Foundation sent lobbyists to Washington and advocates to school, church, and society groups. Mead spoke extensively in Japan and Europe. The Foundation's efforts ground virtually to a standstill with the beginning of World War I as its disillusioned members sought a new direction for their efforts. With the refusal of the United States to ratify the Treaty of Versailles after the war, the Foundation became the exclusive American distributors of literature for the League of Nations and the International Labor Organization, both of which the U.S. refused to join. The Foundation sponsored studies of the Soviet Union, Latin America, and China, and published pamphlets on Nazism and colonialism. Two of its books, Haiti Under American Control, by Arthur C. Milspaugh, and The United States in the Caribbean, by Dana Gardner Munro, were instrumental in changing American policy towards the Caribbean. In the years leading up to World War II, the Foundation opposed isolationist policies. It advocated military preparedness for the United States and sought economic sanctions against Germany and Japan. After the war the director of the Foundation, Leland Goodrich, focused its work on the reorganization of Europe. Goodrich sat on the San Francisco Council, which created the United Nations. In recent years the World Peace Foundation has sponsored studies on a variety of topics. It produced several studies of the Soviet Union, and of the Caribbean and Latin America. In the 1980s, the Foundation shifted its attention to Africa, particularly with regard to how the United States should respond to Apartheid in South Africa. Today, the World Peace Foundation concentrates its efforts on utilizing the media to influence and improve foreign policy.

From the description of World Peace Foundation records, 1899-1993 1912-1941 1899-1993, bulk 1912-1941. (Tufts University - Tisch Library). WorldCat record id: 778484328

In 1902, Edwin Ginn began publication of an International Library to promote knowledge about peace. In July 1910, he established the International School of Peace which, in December, became the World Peace Foundation. Its purpose was to promote better international relations and world order by preparing and distributing specialized literature, mostly to college and university libraries, and by holding conferences. It was closely allied with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and supported formation of the League of Nations and the Permanent Court of International Justice and, later, the United Nations.

From the description of Records, 1902-1960. (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 20793321

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Goodrich, Leland M. (Leland Matthew), 1899-1990. Reminiscences of Leland Matthew Goodrich : oral history, 1967. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966. William Ernest Hocking Papers, 1860-1979 Houghton Library
creatorOf World Peace Foundation. [Miscellaneous pamphlets]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Johnson, Grace A. (Grace Allen), 1871-1952. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1840-1952 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Lowell, A. Lawrence (Abbott Lawrence), 1856-1943. Papers of Abbott Lawrence Lowell, 1889-1958 (inclusive), 1889-1943 (bulk). Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. Fanny F. Brin papers, 1896-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace pamphlet and microfilm collection, 1817-1950, bulk 1915-1945. George Washington University
referencedIn Herman Wolf Papers, undated, 1926-1981. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Emma (Moffat) McLaughlin Papers, 1927- 1967 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Moore, Hugh, 1887-1972. Hugh Moore Fund collection, 1922-1972 (bulk 1939-1970). Princeton University Library
referencedIn Lowell, A. Lawrence (Abbott Lawrence), 1856-1943. Papers of Abbott Lawrence Lowell, ca. 1877-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Swain, Joseph, 1857-1927. Papers, 1891-1921 1898-1921. Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
referencedIn Papers, 1966-1996. Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. Records, 1894-1923 Minnesota Historical Society
referencedIn Christian Archibald Herter papers, 1929-1967 (inclusive), 1943-1966 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf World Peace Foundation. Records, 1902-1960. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Chittenden, Hiram Martin, 1858-1917. Papers, [185-]-1962. Washington State Historical Society
referencedIn Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886-1960. Papers, 1894-1960 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Lowell, A. Lawrence (Abbott Lawrence), 1856-1943. Papers of Abbott Lawrence Lowell, 1889-1958 (inclusive), 1889-1943 (bulk). Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Papers of Grace A. Johnson in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1840-1952 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association records, 1894-1923 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Bradford, Gamaliel, 1831-1911. Papers, 1869-1911. Library of Congress
referencedIn George A. Plimpton Papers, 1634-1956 Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn Harry Burns Hutchins Papers, 1879-1930 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers of Edwin D. Mead and Lucia Ames Mead, 1876-1938 Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Freund, Paul A. Paul A. Freund papers. 1918-1993. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Winslow, Erving, 1839-1922. Erving Winslow papers, 1850-1962; bulk: 1890-1923. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf World Peace Foundation. [Annual reports], 1964- Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, IUPUI
creatorOf Forbes, Rose Dabney, 1864-1947. Rose Dabney Forbes papers, 1902-1932. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Glueck, Sheldon, 1896-1990. Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf World Peace Foundation. World Peace Foundation records, 1899-1993 1912-1941 Tufts University - Tisch Library, Tisch Library
creatorOf World Peace Foundation. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1935-1961. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Butler, Amos W. (Amos William), 1860-1937. Papers, 1835-1937. Indiana University
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Angell, Norman, 1874-1967, person
associatedWith Aydelotte, Frank, 1880-1956, person
associatedWith Blakeslee, George Hubbard, 1871-1954, person
associatedWith Bradford, Gamaliel, 1831-1911. person
associatedWith Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. person
associatedWith Butler, Amos W. (Amos William), 1860-1937. person
associatedWith Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. corporateBody
associatedWith Chittenden, Hiram Martin, 1858-1917. person
associatedWith Dennett, Raymond, 1913-1961, person
associatedWith Duggan, Stephen, 1870-1950, person
associatedWith Eckstein, Anna B., 1868-1947, person
associatedWith Estournelles de Constant, Paul-Henri-Benjamin Balluet, baron d', 1852-1924, person
associatedWith Forbes, Rose Dabney, 1864-1947. person
associatedWith Ginn, Edwin, 1838-1914. person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Goodrich, Leland M. (Leland Matthew), 1899-1990. person
associatedWith Grace Allen (Fitch) Johnson, 1871-1952 person
associatedWith Hero, Alfred O., person
correspondedWith Herter, Christian Archibald, 1895-1966 person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Holt, Hamilton, 1872-1951, person
associatedWith Hudson, Manley O. 1886-1960, person
associatedWith Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930 person
associatedWith International Library (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith International School of Peace. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Grace A., 1871-1952. person
associatedWith Jones, S. Shepard 1909- person
associatedWith Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931, person
associatedWith League of Nations corporateBody
associatedWith Lochner, Louis Paul, 1887-1975, person
associatedWith Lowell, A. Lawrence (Abbott Lawrence), 1856-1943. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
correspondedWith McLaughlin, Emma Moffat, 1880-1968 person
associatedWith Mead, Edwin D. (Edwin Doak), 1849-1937. person
associatedWith Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Moore, Hugh, 1887-1972. person
associatedWith Nasmyth, George William, 1882-1920, person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Permanent Court of International Justice. corporateBody
associatedWith Plimpton, George A. (George Arthuer), 1855-1936 person
associatedWith Rich, Raymond T. 1899-1959, person
correspondedWith Soyinka, Wole. person
associatedWith Suttner, Bertha von, 1843-1914, person
associatedWith Swain, Joseph, 1857-1927. person
associatedWith United Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith Winslow, Erving, 1839-1922. person
associatedWith Wolf, Herman. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Massachusetts
Subject
Peace--Societies, etc.--History--Sources
Peace movements--History--Sources
Endowments--Finance
Pacifism--History--Sources
Endowments--Statistics
International relations--Societies, etc.--History--Sources
Endowments
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1894

Active 1923

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w41rg1

Ark ID: w6w41rg1

SNAC ID: 71595682