Ricordi (Firm)

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"The firm of Ricordi was founded in Milan in 1808 by Giovanni Ricordi (1785-1853); it was directed from 1853 to 1888 by his son Tito (1811-1888), from 1888 to 1912 by Tito’s son Giulio (1840-1912) and from 1912 to 1919 by Giulio’s son Tito (1865-1933). The firm was managed from 1919 to 1940 jointly by Renzo Valcarenghi and Carlo Clausetti, from 1940 to 1944 by Valcarenghi and Alfredo Colombo and from 1944 to 1952 by Colombo, Eugenio Clausetti and Camillo Ricordi. In 1952 it became a limited company, under the presidency first of Colombo, then of Guido Valcarenghi (from 1961), Carlo Origoni (from 1976), Gianni Babini (from 1982) and Guido Rignano (from 1988 to 1995). In June 1995 the company merged with BMG Ariola forming a new company BMG Ricordi S.p.a., of which Casa Ricordi is a division managed by Mimma Guastoni."

"During his first decade in business Giovanni Ricordi issued an average of 30 publications a year; in his second the yearly average was about 300. This expansion was largely the result of a succession of contracts starting from December 1814, which he won as prompter and exclusive copyist to La Scala, giving him the right to publish the music performed there; in 1825 he purchased their entire musical archives. In 1816 he had a similar contract as copyist to the Teatro Re, and in the 1830s and 1840s concluded highly favourable agreements with the opera houses of Venice and Naples. By the end of 1837 he had not only purchased the stock and plates of Ferdinando Artaria but was able to boast more than 10,000 publications, the exclusive rights to operas written for Milan and Naples, an archive of 1800 autograph manuscripts and a branch in Florence."

"In the entire history of music publishing there has been no other firm that through its own efforts, astuteness, initiative and flair has achieved a position of dominance such as Ricordi enjoyed in Italy in the 19th century, nor of power such as it has been able to maintain (on account of its rights on Verdi’s and Puccini’s operas) in the 20th." -- Richard Macnutt.

From the guide to the Collection of Ricordi records, 1810-1959, (Music Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Bellini, Vincenzo, 1801-1835. Norma : opera / del M. Bellini. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Albi Rosenthal collection of letters between composers and music publishers, 1704-1966. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Bongiovanni, Maria,. Miscellany of opera arias : owned by Donna Maria Bongiovanni : manuscript, [182-?] Houghton Library
referencedIn Sheet Music Collection, 1842-1954, with facsimiles from 1956 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Rudolf Kolisch papers, 1886-1978. Houghton Library
creatorOf Ponchielli, Amilcare, 1834-1886. Le due gemelle : ballo del coreografo A. Pallerini, musica del mo. [i.e., maestro] A. Ponchielli, foglietto : manuscript, [ca. 1873?] Houghton Library
creatorOf Duke, Vernon, 1903-1969. Vernon Duke collection, 1918-1968. Library of Congress
creatorOf Rossi, Lauro, 1812-1885. Autograph letter signed, dated : Milan, 10 December 1858, to [Ricordi?], 1858 Dec. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Collection of Ricordi records, 1810-1959 Music Library
referencedIn Verdi, Giuseppe, 1813-1901. Luisa Miller : melodramma tragico in tre atti / sinfonia musica del Sigr. Mo. Giuseppe Verdi. Yale University Library
referencedIn Gioacchino Rossini, Péchés de vieillesse, and Heugel archive, 1857-1895. Houghton Library
referencedIn Tennessee Williams additional papers, 1945-1984. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Vernon Duke Collection, 1918-1968 Library of Congress. Music Division
creatorOf Negrini, Carlo, 1826-1865. Autograph letter signed, dated : Trieste, 5 November 1862, to G. di Tito Ricordi in Milan, 1862 Nov. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Verdi, Giuseppe, 1813-1901. Luisa Miller : melodramma tragico in tre atti, [ca. 1850] / sinfonia musica del Sigr. Mo. Guiseppe Verdi. Yale University Library
creatorOf Ricordi (Firm). Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1932. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Gori Savellini, Giovanni. [Librettos : Mazzoni pamphlet collection]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Ricordi (Firm). Correspondence to Leopold Stokowski, 1940-1958. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Rosenthal, Albi, 1914-,. Albi Rosenthal collection of letters between composers and music publishers, 1704-1966. Harvard University, Harvard Theater Collection, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Respighi, Ottorino, 1879-1936. Autograph letters signed (3), dated : Abetone Serrabassa, 19 August 1925 and 7 August 1926, and [n.p.], 23 August 1933, to Claudio [Guastalla], 1925 Aug. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alfano, Franco, 1875-1954 person
associatedWith Bellini, Vincenzo, 1801-1835. person
associatedWith Clausetti, Carlo, 1869-1943 person
associatedWith Clausetti, Pietro, 1817-1892 person
associatedWith Colombo, Alfredo, 1877-1962 person
associatedWith Duke, Vernon, 1903-1969. person
associatedWith Ganardini, A. person
associatedWith Kolisch, Rudolf, 1896-1978 person
associatedWith Malipiero, Gian Francesco, 1882-1973 person
associatedWith Martucci, Giuseppe, 1856-1909 person
associatedWith Montemezzi, Italo, 1875-1952 person
associatedWith Negrini, Carlo, 1826-1865. person
associatedWith Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Music Library corporateBody
associatedWith Ponchielli, Amilcare, 1834-1886. person
associatedWith Puccini, Giacomo, 1858-1924 person
associatedWith Respighi, Ottorino, 1879-1936. person
associatedWith Ricordi, Giovanni, -1853 person
associatedWith Ricordi, Giulio, 1840-1912 person
associatedWith Ricordi, Tito person
associatedWith Ricordi, Tito, 1811-1888 person
associatedWith Rosenthal, Albi, 1914-, person
associatedWith Rossi, Lauro, 1812-1885. person
correspondedWith Rossini, Gioacchino, 1792-1868 person
associatedWith Sardou, Victorien, 1831-1908 person
associatedWith Tosti, F. Paolo (Francesco Paolo), 1846-1916 person
associatedWith Valcarenghi, Renzo person
associatedWith Verdi, Giuseppe, 1813-1901. person
correspondedWith Williams, Tennessee, 1911-1983 person
associatedWith Zandonai, Riccardo, 1883-1944 person
Place Name Admin Code Country

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