New York State Museum

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Clinton F. Kilfoyle served as Curator of Paleontology for the New York State Geological Survey from 1926 to 1969.

From the description of Paleontology Curator's correspondence files, 1941-1968. (New York State Archives). WorldCat record id: 83188750

The New York State Museum originated with the State Geological and Natural History Survey, established by the legislature in 1836 (Chapter 142).

It was charged with completing a geological survey of the State and furnishing "a full and scientific description of its rocks, sails and minerals, and of its botanical and zoological productions, together with specimens of the same" to be deposited in the State Library. The State was divided into four districts, each in charge of a geologist who, along with a staff mineralogist, botanist, and zoologist, completed the initial survey in 1842. The following year the legislature authorized a continuation of the work of the geological survey (Chapter 85) in arranging and describing the geological collections and conducting an agricultural survey. This work was prosecuted under James Hall and Ebenezer Emmons, respectively. The collections of the survey, known as the State Cabinet of Natural History, were placed in the charge of the State Board of Regents in 1845 (Chapter 179). Scientific investigations remained independent of the State Cabinet until James Hall was appointed Curator in 1866.

Entomological work by the State began in 1847 when Asa Fitch was employed to collect insect specimens for the State Cabinet. After Fitch's death, the Legislature appropriated funds in 1880 (Chapter 549) for the salary of an official Entomologist, to be appointed by the governor. The following year the title was changed to State Entomologist and charged with the study of "insects injurious to agriculture and of methods for controlling and preventing their depredations" (Chapter 377). In 1868 the state added botanical research to its functions by appropriating funds for the employment of a botanist (later State Botanist) to arrange a herbarium in the State Capital (Chapter 830).

The State Cabinet first became a repository for cultural artifacts in 1847 when the Board of Regents appointed a special committee to plan for a "State Antiquarian Collection" to be attached to the State Cabinet. The following year the Regents resolved to solicit Lewis Henry Morgan's collection of Indian artifacts for the "Historical and Antiquarian Collection." In 1896 the Legislature mandated the formation of "as complete a collection as practicable of the historical, ethnographic and other records and relics of the Indians of the State of New York including implements or other articles pertaining to their domestic life, agriculture, the chase, war, religion, burial and other rites and customs" (Chapter 586).

Administrative responsibility for the work of the state scientists and the State Cabinet changed several times. In 1850 the Secretary of State was made responsible for completing and publishing the work of the geological survey (Chapter 360). He and the Secretary of the Board of Regents were to examine claims for work and report to the legislature. The State Cabinet became the New York State Museum of Natural History under the Board of Regents in 1870 and the former Curator was appointed Director with authority to "supervise and direct all its scientific and practical operations" (Chapter 557). In 1883 (Chapter 355) the Regents were authorized to appoint the staff of the Museum including the Director, State Geologist, State Entomologist, and Botanist. The Museum was made a part of University of the State of New York in 1889 (Chapter 529). Appointment of the scientific staff of the Museum (State Geologist and Paleontologist, State Entomologist, and State Botanist) was transferred to the Governor in 1893 (Chapter 488). Three years later the State Geologist and Paleontologist (James Hall) was continued in office and made independent of supervision by the Board of Regents (Chapter 493).

The State Museum became part of the newly created State Education Department in 1904 (Chapter 40), where the work of the Museum and its scientific staff was placed in a Division of Science and State Museum under a director. In 1904 an honorary archeologist was added to the Museum staff, and two years later the first salaried staff Archeologist (State Archeologist after 1933) was hired. The curatorial and scientific functions of the Museum were separated in 1945 (Chapter 651) with the creation of the State Science Service within the Museum. The functions of the Science Service were to engage in scientific research, cooperate with other public and private scientific agencies, and make its services available to state agencies and residents of the state. The Science Service was administratively divided into three surveys to carry out these functions: Anthropological Survey, Biological Survey, and Geological Survey. The director of the Museum was also head of the Science Service. In 1954 the director of the State Museum and Science Service was upgraded to the level of Assistant Commissioner and the Science Service was placed under a director.

In 1976 the Board of Regents reorganized the Education Department offices having functions relating to history. The Local Records Section of the Office of State History, with responsibility for examining and providing advice on the management of local records, was transferred to the New York State Archives. All other functions of the office were transferred to the newly created Division of Historical Services in the New York State Museum. The Board placed the division under a director designed as Acting State Historian. In 1978 this division was renamed Division of Historical and Anthropological Services upon the transfer to it of the functions of the Anthropological Survey.

The scientific and curatorial activities of the State Museum were combined into a Division of Research and Collections in 1985. Within the Division are the Geological Survey, Biological Survey, Anthropological Survey, and Historical Survey.

From the description of New York State Museum Sub-agency History Record. (New York State Archives). WorldCat record id: 122641434

The New York State Museum originated with the State Geological and Natural History Survey, established by the legislature in 1836 (Chapter 142).

It was charged with completing a geological survey of the State and furnishing "a full and scientific description of its rocks, sails and minerals, and of its botanical and zoological productions, together with specimens of the same" to be deposited in the State Library. The State was divided into four districts, each in charge of a geologist who, along with a staff mineralogist, botanist, and zoologist, completed the initial survey in 1842. The following year the legislature authorized a continuation of the work of the geological survey (Chapter 85) in arranging and describing the geological collections and conducting an agricultural survey. This work was prosecuted under James Hall and Ebenezer Emmons, respectively. The collections of the survey, known as the State Cabinet of Natural History, were placed in the charge of the State Board of Regents in 1845 (Chapter 179). Scientific investigations remained independent of the State Cabinet until James Hall was appointed Curator in 1866.

Entomological work by the State began in 1847 when Asa Fitch was employed to collect insect specimens for the State Cabinet. After Fitch's death, the Legislature appropriated funds in 1880 (Chapter 549) for the salary of an official Entomologist, to be appointed by the governor. The following year the title was changed to State Entomologist and charged with the study of "insects injurious to agriculture and of methods for controlling and preventing their depredations" (Chapter 377). In 1868 the state added botanical research to its functions by appropriating funds for the employment of a botanist (later State Botanist) to arrange a herbarium in the State Capital (Chapter 830).

The State Cabinet first became a repository for cultural artifacts in 1847 when the Board of Regents appointed a special committee to plan for a "State Antiquarian Collection" to be attached to the State Cabinet. The following year the Regents resolved to solicit Lewis Henry Morgan's collection of Indian artifacts for the "Historical and Antiquarian Collection." In 1896 the Legislature mandated the formation of "as complete a collection as practicable of the historical, ethnographic and other records and relics of the Indians of the State of New York including implements or other articles pertaining to their domestic life, agriculture, the chase, war, religion, burial and other rites and customs" (Chapter 586).

Administrative responsibility for the work of the state scientists and the State Cabinet changed several times. In 1850 the Secretary of State was made responsible for completing and publishing the work of the geological survey (Chapter 360). He and the Secretary of the Board of Regents were to examine claims for work and report to the legislature. The State Cabinet became the New York State Museum of Natural History under the Board of Regents in 1870 and the former Curator was appointed Director with authority to "supervise and direct all its scientific and practical operations" (Chapter 557). In 1883 (Chapter 355) the Regents were authorized to appoint the staff of the Museum including the Director, State Geologist, State Entomologist, and Botanist. The Museum was made a part of University of the State of New York in 1889 (Chapter 529). Appointment of the scientific staff of the Museum (State Geologist and Paleontologist, State Entomologist, and State Botanist) was transferred to the Governor in 1893 (Chapter 488). Three years later the State Geologist and Paleontologist (James Hall) was continued in office and made independent of supervision by the Board of Regents (Chapter 493).

The State Museum became part of the newly created State Education Department in 1904 (Chapter 40), where the work of the Museum and its scientific staff was placed in a Division of Science and State Museum under a director. In 1904 an honorary archeologist was added to the Museum staff, and two years later the first salaried staff Archeologist (State Archeologist after 1933) was hired. The curatorial and scientific functions of the Museum were separated in 1945 (Chapter 651) with the creation of the State Science Service within the Museum. The functions of the Science Service were to engage in scientific research, cooperate with other public and private scientific agencies, and make its services available to state agencies and residents of the state. The Science Service was administratively divided into three surveys to carry out these functions: Anthropological Survey, Biological Survey, and Geological Survey. The director of the Museum was also head of the Science Service. In 1954 the director of the State Museum and Science Service was upgraded to the level of Assistant Commissioner and the Science Service was placed under a director.

In 1976 the Board of Regents reorganized the Education Department offices having functions relating to history. The Local Records Section of the Office of State History, with responsibility for examining and providing advice on the management of local records, was transferred to the New York State Archives. All other functions of the office were transferred to the newly created Division of Historical Services in the New York State Museum. The Board placed the division under a director designed as Acting State Historian. In 1978 this division was renamed Division of Historical and Anthropological Services upon the transfer to it of the functions of the Anthropological Survey.

The scientific and curatorial activities of the State Museum were combined into a Division of Research and Collections in 1985. Within the Division are the Geological Survey, Biological Survey, Anthropological Survey, and Historical Survey.

From the New York State Archives, Cultural Education Center, Albany, NY. Agency record NYSV86-A826

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf New York State Museum. Paleontology Curator's correspondence files, 1941-1968. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. State Museum Director's, State Geologist's, and State Paleontologist's correspondence files, 1828-1944. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. Bibliographies of entomological writings, [ca. 1825-1910] New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Science Service. Photographic prints and negatives of fossil tentaculitids, [ca. 1978] New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. New York State Museum bulletin. Select nos., Plates and maps. Cornell University Library
creatorOf New York State Museum. Miscellaneous National Guard papers and photographs, [ca. 1940-1944]. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum and Science Service. State Archeologist's correspondence files on the New York State Archeological Association, 1925-1949. New York State Archives
referencedIn Fenton, William Nelson. William N. Fenton Papers. 1933-2000. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. Correspondence and research files concerning the oil and natural gas industries in New York state, 1885-1961, bulk 1905-1961. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York State Geological and Natural History Survey. Vouchers for payment of expenses of the geological and natural history survey, the geological survey, and the agricultural survey, 1837-1848. New York State Archives
referencedIn NYSA B1706.xml New York State Archives
referencedIn NYSA A0412.xml New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Geological Survey. Tabulated production data on New York State minerals, 1919-1935. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. State Museum Director's, State Geologist's, and State Paleontologist's lecture files, [ca. 1910-1925] New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Geological Survey. Original drawings of fossil graptolites, [ca. 1900-1940] New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. Original bill of sale and record of the action of the Council of the Onondaga Indians whereby the University of the State of New York became Wampum Keeper of the Six Nations, 1898. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York State Geological Survey. Mineral producers' annual reports, 1910-1946, 1961-1968, bulk 1910-1918, 1920, 1924-1938, 1943-1946, 1958, 1961-1963, 1968. New York State Archives
referencedIn Forest Preserve land purchase proposal files, 1920-1948 New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Science Service. State Paleontologist's photographs, [ca. 1900-1962] New York State Archives
referencedIn Adams, Charles C. (Charles Christopher), 1873-1955. Charles C. Adams papers, 1931-1948. Archives of American Art
creatorOf New York State Museum and Science Service. Draft of "The State Museum 1904-1944," 1947. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum and Science Service. State Archeologist's correspondence files on the Society for American Archaeology, 1949-1956. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum and Science Service. State Archeologist's correspondence files on the New York Archaeological Council, 1969-1974. New York State Archives
referencedIn Alix Jeffry additional papers, 1935-1993. Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn New York State Museum of Natural History. State Museum Director's, State Geologist's, and State Paleontologist's correspondence, drafts of publications, and photographs, 1844-1900. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum and Science Service. State Archeologist's research and publications files, [ca. 1905-1943] New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. Manuscripts and Museum Director's correspondence files concerning archeological work of Max Schrabisch, 1918-1938. New York State Archives
referencedIn Pruyn, John V. L. (Van Schaick Lansing), 1811-1877. Letter, 1867 May 15. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf New York State Museum. Assistant Director's correspondence file, 1914-1963. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York State Museum of Natural History. Correspondence and lists concerning fossils borrowed, loaned, or exchanged by the State Paleontologist, 1855-1899. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. Institutional file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Governor (1921-1922 : Miller). Board of Estimate and Control report files, 1921-1922. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York State Museum of Natural History. Incoming correspondence of the Assistant State Paleontologist, State Paleontologist, State Geologist, and State Museum Director, 1804-1919, bulk 1881-1915. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York (State). Office of State History. Local records on microfilm, [ca. 1650-1949] New York State Archives
referencedIn Keppler, Joseph Jr. Joseph Keppler Jr. Iroquois papers. 1882-1944. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf New York State Museum. Photographs and printed documents concerning Joseph Henry Memorial, 1914-1928. New York State Archives
creatorOf Kastl, Richard A. Lewiston monitoring : PIN 5002.07.121, Lewiston I (SUBi-1844, NYSM #10734), Stella Niagara (SUBi-1845, NYSM #10735), Lewiston II (SUBi-1846, NYSM #10736), Lewiston III (SUBi-1848, NYSM #10738), Towns of Lewiston and Porter, MCD 06303 and 06308, 96PR1872 / by Richard A. Kastl. Glenn G. Bartle Library
referencedIn Fenton, William Nelson. William N. Fenton Papers. 1933-2001. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf New York State Museum and Science Service. State Archeologist's correspondence files on the Eastern States Archeological Federation, 1943-1954. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York State Museum and Science Service. Assistant Commissioner's correspondence and subject files, 1954-1968, bulk 1962-1968. New York State Archives
creatorOf Kula, Christine A. Cultural resource management survey, 1991 highway program : addendum report for PIN 4003.57.102, Route 20C, Town of East Bloomfield, Ontario County, NY / by Christine Kula. Glenn G. Bartle Library
creatorOf New York State Museum. New York State Museum Sub-agency History Record. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Geological Survey. Oil and gas well logs, ca. 1930-2005. New York State Archives
referencedIn Keppler, Udo Joseph. Joseph Keppler Jr. Iroquois papers. 1882-1944. Cornell University Library
creatorOf New York State Museum. Exposition award certificates, 1893-1915 New York State Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Board of Commissioners of the Land Office. Forest Preserve land purchase proposal files, 1920-1948. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. Plans and drawings of museum facilities and exhibit cases, [ca. 1870s]-1902. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. State Paleontologist's correspondence files, 1899-1954. New York State Archives
referencedIn Woodworth, Jay Backus, 1865-1925. Papers of Jay Backus Woodworth, 1880-1924 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. [BIN 1-09451-0, Route 79 over unknown creek, Town of Windsor, Broome County / prepared by Nina M. Versaggi]. Glenn G. Bartle Library
creatorOf New York State Museum and Science Service. Hudson Valley Archaeological Survey Director's correspondence files, 1939-1940. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Office of State History. Office of State History Sub-Agency History Record. New York State Archives
referencedIn New York (State). Education Dept. Planning and promotional records for the opening of the New York State Museum, 1975-1976. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Science Service. State geologist's and assistant state geologist's correspondence files, 1905-1968. New York State Archives
creatorOf New York State Museum. New York State Museum archeology bulletin collection, 1897-1922. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn [The Zoology Room of the State Museum, Educational Building] New York State Library
creatorOf New York State Geological Survey. Monthly petroleum production statements, 1937-1946. New York State Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Charles C. (Charles Christopher), 1873-1955. person
associatedWith Cahalane, Victor Harrison, 1901- person
associatedWith Clarke, John M. person
associatedWith Duncan, Charles. person
associatedWith Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005 person
associatedWith Goldring, Winifred. person
associatedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. person
associatedWith Jeffry, Alix. person
associatedWith Kastl, Richard A. person
associatedWith Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956. person
associatedWith Kilfoyle, Clinton F. person
associatedWith Kula, Christine A. person
associatedWith New York (State). Board of Commissioners of the Land Office. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Division of Science and State Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State) Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State) Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Geological and Natural History Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Geological Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Governor (1921-1922 : Miller) corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Museum and Science Service. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Museum of Natural History. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Museum of Natural History. Director. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Office of State History. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Office of State History. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Office of State History. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Science Service. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). State Geologist. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). State Paleontologist. corporateBody
associatedWith Pruyn, John V. L. (Van Schaick Lansing), 1811-1877. person
associatedWith Ruedemann, Rudolf, 1864-1956. person
associatedWith Schrabisch, Max. person
associatedWith Udo J., Keppler 1872-1956. person
associatedWith University of the State of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Whitney, Alvin Goodnow. person
associatedWith Woodworth, Jay Backus, 1865-1925. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
Sullivan County (N.Y.)
Delaware County (N.Y.)
New York (State)
New York (State)
New York (State)
New York (State)
Ulster County (N.Y.)
Rockland County (N.Y.)
New York (State)
New York (State)
New York (State)
New York (State)
Orange County (N.Y.)
New York (State)
United States
New York (State)
Subject
Soldiers
Archaeology
Museums
Geology
Onondaga Indians
Paleontology
Archeological illustration
Conservation of natural resources
Memorials
Dwellings, Prehistoric
Armed Forces
Indians of North America
Exhibitions--Awards
Occupation
Activity
Training soldiers
Researching prehistoric archeology
Supervising
Celebrating
Negotiating
culture
Exhibiting
Documenting archeological sites
Supervising soldiers
researching

Corporate Body

Active 1825

Active 1910

Americans

English

Information

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