Sharp, William, 1855-1905

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William Sharp was a noted English author, writing prolifically in every conceivable genre. After his death, it was surprisingly revealed that he was also "Fiona MacLeod," a popular mystical writer whose work became a keystone of the Celtic Renaissance. Sharp's themes of mysticism, alienation, symbolism, and spiritual exhaustion fuse mythology with modernism, anticipating the work of Eliot, Joyce, and D.H. Lawrence.

From the description of William Sharp letters, 1889-1894. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50209295

William Sharp was born in Paisley, Scotland on September 12, 1855. Sharp was educated at Glasgow Academy and Glasgow University. He married his cousin, Elizabeth A. Sharp and settled in London, England where he established himself as an author, literary critic, and editor. He wrote poetry, novels, biographies and drama. Sharp died on December 12, 1905 and is buried in Sicily.

From the description of William Sharp correspondence, circa 1886-1904. (University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee). WorldCat record id: 190872436

William Sharp was a Scottish writer of poetry and literary biography who, from 1893, also wrote under "Fiona MacLeod," a pseudonym kept secret during most of his life. Sharp was also an editor of the poetry of Matthew Arnold, Walter Scott, Algernon Swinburne, and others.

From the description of William Sharp collection, 1887-1907 (Peking University Library). WorldCat record id: 74216287

English writer.

From the description of Letter : Liverpool, to Arthur Severn, 1892. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 81939522

William Sharp was a Scottish poet, novelist, short story writer, biographer, essayist, and dramatist who also wrote under the pseudonym Fiona Macleod.

From the description of William Sharp collection of papers [microform] (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 173190541

From the description of William Sharp collection of papers, [1883?]-1909 bulk (1890-1909). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144652075

From the guide to the William Sharp collection of papers, 1883?]-1909, 1890-1909, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

English author.

From the description of William Sharp papers, 1897-1905. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 214826134

Biographical Information

William Sharp

William Sharp, born on September 12, 1885 in Paisley, Scotland to David Galbraeth and Katherine Brook Sharp, had a distinguished literary career as a Scottish poet, novelist, short story writer, biographer, essayist, and dramatist. He attended Glasgow Academy at an early age and later in life enrolled at Glasgow University. Sharp wrote many works under the pen name, Fiona Macleod, whose topics and themes revolved around Celtic legends, folklore, and mythology. Through these writings, Sharp achieved literary fame, earning him the reputation as the foremost Scottish writer of the Celtic Renaissance during the late nineteenth century.

From the guide to the William Sharp papers, 1869-1904, (bulk 1889-1904), (The Bancroft Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Woltmann, Frederick, 1908-. Phosphorescent sea. [Song with piano accompaniment. Poem by William Sharp, music by Frederick Woltmann. Rochester, N.Y.]. Eastman School of Music
creatorOf Watts, Wintter, 1884-1962. Birdeen / [words by] Fiona Macleod ; [music by] Wintter Watts. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. William Sharp collection, 1887-1907 Princeton University Library
creatorOf Housman, Rosalie, 1888-1949. Gaelic lullaby / poem, Fiona McLeod ; [music], Rosalie Housman. New England Conservatory of Music, Harriet M. Spaulding Library
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph card signed Fiona Macleod to: Sir June 10, 1901. Wellesley College
referencedIn Moulton, Louise Chandler, 1835-1908. Papers, ca. 1855-1909. American Antiquarian Society
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. The Redeemer's voice [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Rememberance (From a Japanese Garden). [n.p.] : autograph poem signed, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. William Sharp collection of papers [microform] Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn British authors collection, 1840-1953. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Letter to [?]. Edinburgh, Scotland. 18--. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph card signed Fiona Macleod to: Wellesley College
creatorOf Towne, Marian E. Red poppies / words by William Sharp ; music by Marian E. Towne. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : London, to "My dear Old Man", 1891 Dec. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Stedman, Edmund Clarence, 1833-1908. Papers, 1860-1905. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed William Sharp to: Miss Hazard. Wellesley College
creatorOf Hart, Fritz Bennicke, 1874-1949. 5 songs (Australian) [music] : for voice and pianoforte / poems by William Sharp ; music by Fritz Bennicke Hart. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Griffes, Charles Tomlinson, 1884-1920. The lament of Ian the Proud / Griffes ; orch. Peter Bodge. Indiana University
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified anthologist, 1882 Dec. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : [London?], to "Cher Confrère", 1897 Feb. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905,. Autograph letter signed from William Sharp, London, to W. Theodore Watts-Dunton, London [manuscript], 1903 July 3. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed "Fiona Macleod" : Murrayfield, to Herbert Stuart Stone of Chicago, ca. 1896-1897. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Thomson, David Croal, 1855-1930. David Croal Thomson papers, 1879-1931. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : Hampstead, London, to Mr. Chatto, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn English literature mss., ca. 1750-ca. 1979 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : London, to J.D. Marshall of the American Press Association, 1892 Feb. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Marston, Philip Bourke, 1850-1887. Papers. American Antiquarian Society
referencedIn Thomas Wentworth Higginson correspondence, 1843-1911. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. William Sharp papers, 1869-1904 (bulk 1889-1904). UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. William Sharp collection of papers, [1883?]-1909 bulk (1890-1909). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : Murrayfield, Midlothian, to James Carleton Young, 1903 June 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph card signed : South Hampstead, to William Angus Knight, 1895 Jan. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rummel, Walter Morse, 1887-1953. Through the ivory gate : The valley of silence : for a voice and piano / by Walter Morse Rummel ; [words by] Fiona Macleod. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, Mass., to "My dear Arthur", Tuesdsay [1891?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Bliss [Carman, n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn AE, 1867-1935. Letter, 1897. American Primers
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Letter : Nurrayfield, Midlothian, to Miss Hopekirk, 1905 Oct. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : London, to Kineton Parkes, [1889]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Harry Elkins Widener manuscript file, 1861-1908. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Letter : Liverpool, to Arthur Severn, 1892. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : London, to "The Editor The New York Independent", [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Albert Stephens Borgman autograph collection, 1600-1950. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Sharp, Elizabeth Amelia, 1856-1933. Autograph journal, 1906 Mar. 25-1909 Jun. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf William Sharp collection of papers, 1883?]-1909, 1890-1909 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Healy, James Augustine, 1891-1975. James A. Healy collection of Irish literature, 1870-1976. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letters signed (20) and autograph postcard signed : to Grant Allen, his wife and son, and to Grant Richards, 1894-1900. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Keats, John, 1795-1821. John Keats collection of papers, 1816-1948 bulk (1816-1924). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Love in my heart : autograph manuscript signed of the poem : [n.p.], 1889. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Jesse Shepard Papers, 1868-1959 San Diego History Center Document Collection
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. William Sharp letters, 1889-1894. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. A Hazard of Love : autograph poem signed, [1898]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Griffes, Charles Tomlinson, 1884-1920. Thy dark eyes to mine : op. 11, no. 2 / [words by Fiona Macleod ; music by] Charles T. Griffes. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : [London?], to Grant Richards, [1899?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Eyre, Laurence. The dirge of the four cities / words by Fiona MacLoed [i.e. MacLeod]; music by Laurence Eyre. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Griffes, Charles Tomlinson, 1884-1920. [Poems by Fiona Macleod. Lament of Ian the Proud (Sketches) / Charles T. Griffes]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. William Sharp correspondence, circa 1886-1904. University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, UWM Libraries
referencedIn Janet Achurch and Charles Charrington correspondence, 1887-1900. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed : [London], to Thomas Wentworth Higginson, [1889]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed "Fiona Macleod" : Murrayfield, Midlothian, to Helen Hopekirk, [no year]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn John Keats collection of papers, 1816-1948, 1816-1924 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Woodberry Poetry Room manuscript collection, 1896-1967. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. The Man and the Centaur : autograph poem signed : London, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bacheller, Irving, 1859-1950. Century Magazine correspondence, 1885-1914. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Robinson, A. Mary F. (Agnes Mary Frances), 1857-1944. Letters, 1923-1930 : Paris, to Philip D. Sherman, Oberlin, Ohio. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn David Croal Thomson papers, 1879-1931 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. William Sharp papers, 1897-1905. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Autograph letter signed William Sharp to: "My dear Miss Bates" December 15, [s.d.]. Wellesley College
creatorOf Sharp, William, 1855-1905. Letters, 1881?-1900. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Janet Achurch and Charles Charrington correspondence, 1887-1900. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Henry Mills Alden letters collection, 1860-1949, 1860-1908 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
referencedIn Fred Holland Day papers concerning John Keats, 1849-1906. Houghton Library.
creatorOf William Sharp papers, 1869-1904, (bulk 1889-1904) Bancroft Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith AE, 1867-1935. person
associatedWith Allen, Grant, 1848-1899, person
associatedWith Bates, Katharine Lee, 1859-1929. person
associatedWith Bauer, Charlotte Andrews, collector. person
associatedWith Borgman, Albert Stephens, 1890-1954 person
associatedWith Caird, Mona. person
associatedWith Carman, Bliss, person
associatedWith Chatto, Mr, person
associatedWith Day, F. Holland (Fred Holland), 1864-1933 person
associatedWith Duffield & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Eyre, Laurence. person
associatedWith Fales, DeCoursey, 1888-1966, person
associatedWith Forman, H. Buxton (Harry Buxton), 1842-1917. person
associatedWith Gilman, Lawrence, 1878-1939. person
associatedWith Gregory, Lady, 1852-1932. person
associatedWith Grierson, Francis, 1848-1927 person
associatedWith Griffes, Charles Tomlinson, 1884-1920. person
associatedWith Halloran, William F. person
associatedWith Hart, Fritz Bennicke, 1874-1949. person
associatedWith Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945. person
associatedWith Healy, James Augustine, 1891-1975. person
associatedWith Henley, William Ernest, 1849-1903 person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911, person
associatedWith Hill, Amelia Robertson Paton. person
associatedWith Hill, Amelia Robertson Paton. person
associatedWith Hopekirk, Helen, 1856-1945, person
associatedWith Hopekirk, Miss, person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Housman, Rosalie, 1888-1949. person
associatedWith Howe, W. T. H. (William Thomas Hildrup), person
associatedWith Janvier, Catharine A. (Catharine Ann), 1841-1923. person
associatedWith Jauvier, Mrs. J. A. person
associatedWith Jennings, Elizabeth, 1926- person
associatedWith Keats, John, 1795-1821. person
associatedWith Knight, William Angus, 1836-1916, person
associatedWith Lane, John, 1854-1925. person
associatedWith Lee-Hamilton, Eugene Jacob, 1845-1907. person
associatedWith Little, James Stanley, 1856-1940. person
associatedWith Macleod, Fiona, 1855-1905. person
associatedWith Marshall, J. D., person
associatedWith Marston, Philip Bourke, 1850-1887. person
associatedWith Meredith, William. person
associatedWith Mosher, Thomas Bird, 1852-1923. person
associatedWith Moulton, Louise Chandler, 1835-1908. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Parkes, Kineton, 1865-1938, person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Richards, Grant, 1872-1948, person
associatedWith Rinder, Edith Wingate. person
associatedWith Robinson, A. Mary F. (Agnes Mary Frances), 1857-1944. person
associatedWith Rossetti, Mrs., person
associatedWith Rummel, Walter Morse, 1887-1953. person
correspondedWith Severn, Joseph, 1793-1879 person
associatedWith Sharp, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Amelia), 1856-1932. person
associatedWith Stedman Arthur, 1853- person
associatedWith Stedman, Edmund Clarence, 1833-1908, person
associatedWith Stone, Herbert Stuart, 1871-1915, person
associatedWith Thomson, David Croal, 1855-1930. person
associatedWith Towne, Marian E. person
associatedWith Trelawny, Edward John, 1792-1881. person
associatedWith Unwin, T. Fisher (Thomas Fisher), 1848-1935. person
correspondedWith Watts-Dunton, Theodore, 1832-1914 person
associatedWith Watts, Wintter, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892. person
associatedWith Woltmann, Frederick, 1908- person
associatedWith Woodberry, George Edward, 1855-1930 person
associatedWith Yeats, W. B. (William Butler), 1865-1939. person
associatedWith Young, James Carleton, 1856-1918, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Africa
Subject
Authors, English
Authors, English--19th century--Correspondence
Poets, Scottish--19th century--Manuscripts
Authors, Scottish--19th century--Correspondence
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1855-09-12

Death 1905-12-12

Male

Britons

English

Information

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