Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995

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Ray Johnson (1927-1995) was a painter from Locust Valley, N.Y.

From the description of Oral history interview with Ray Johnson, 1968 Apr. 17 [sound recording]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82223586

Born and raised in Detroit, Michigan, Ray Johnson is frequently referred to as the "father of mail art." He attended Black Mountain College in North Carolina from 1945 to 1948, then moved to New York. Although he worked as an abstract painter for several years, by 1953 Johnson had turned to collage as his primary medium. By the late 1950s, he began sending images, texts and conceptual works through the mail system to artist friends and strangers; such artworks were completed by the active participation of the recipients. In 1962 Johnson founded the New York Correspondance [sic] School, which grew into an international network of mail art participants. In addition to mail art, Johnson staged performance pieces called "Nothings," paralleling Allan Kaprow's "Happenings," as well as Fluxus activities.

From the description of Ray Johnson mail art to Hal Glicksman, 1968-1970. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 664394040

Collage artist and painter; Locust Valley, New York. In 1962 Johnson founded the New York Correspondence School, a one-man art movement he has continued informally ever since.

From the description of Ray Johnson papers, 1970-1971. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122545578

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Roux, Barbara A., 1946-. Barbara A. Roux papers, 1979-2003. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Ken Friedman Collection, 1964 - 1971 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Higgins, Dick, 1938-1998. Dick Higgins papers, ca. 1960-1994 (bulk 1972-1993). Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Ford, Charles Henri, 1913-. Charles Henri Ford Papers, 1928-1981. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995. Ephemera. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Feitler, Bea. Bea Feitler papers, 1920-1981 (bulk 1960-1980). New School for Social Research
referencedIn Samuel J. Wagstaff papers, circa 1932-1985 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gertrude Kasle Gallery (Detroit, Mich.). Gertrude Kasle Gallery records, 1949-1999 (bulk 1964-1983). Archives of American Art
creatorOf Online Archive of California. Ray Johnson mail art, ca. 1958-1994. University of California, Santa Cruz, UCSC
creatorOf Held, John, 1947-. John Held papers relating to Mail Art, 1973-2008. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Held, John, 1947-. John Held papers relating to Mail Art, [circa 1960-2006]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Silverman, Manny, 1941-. Oral history interview with Manny Silverman, 2004 Dec. 10-11 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Parsons, Betty. Betty Parsons Gallery records and Betty Parsons papers, 1927-1985. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lippard, Lucy R. Lucy R. Lippard papers, 1940s-2006, bulk, 1968-1990. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Katharine Kuh papers, 1875-1994, bulk 1930-1994 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Charles Henri Ford papers, 1906-1989, 1939-1989 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Roberts, Colette, 1910-. Colette Roberts papers and interviews with artists, 1918-1971. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995. Ray Johnson mail art to Hal Glicksman, 1968-1970. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Jimmy De Sana Papers, Bulk, 1977-1990, 1954-1997 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Charles Henri Ford Papers TXRC97-A13., 1928-1981 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Lawrence Alloway papers, 1935-2003 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Gertrude Kasle Gallery (Detroit, Mich.). Gertrude Kasle Gallery records, 1949-1999, bulk, 1964-1983. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Smith, Leon Polk, 1906-. Leon Polk Smith papers 1927-1997. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Ultra Violet. Ultra Violet papers, 1959-1969. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brainard, Joe, 1942-1994. Joe Brainard letters, 1957-1994. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Kuh, Katharine. Katharine Kuh papers, 1875-1994, bulk, 1930-1994. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lippold, Richard, 1915-. Oral history interview with Richard Lippold, 1971 Dec. 1 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Esman, Betty, 1904-1996. Betty Esman papers, 1926-1980. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Carl Weissner Archive, 1965-1973 Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections
creatorOf Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Jimmy De Sana Papers, Bulk, 1977-1990, 1954-1997 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Lippold, Richard, 1915-. Richard Lippold interview, 1971 Dec. 1. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kron, Joan. Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Patty Mucha Papers, Bulk, 1969-1979, 1954-2011 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Roberts, Colette, 1910-1971. Colette Roberts interviews with artists, 1961-1971 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995. Franklin Furnace artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
creatorOf Ford, Charles Henri. Charles Henri Ford papers, 1906-1989, bulk 1920-1989. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Wilentz, Ted. Ted and Joan Wilentz collection of Fluxus-related materials, 1963-1983. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Lanyon, Ellen. Ellen Lanyon papers, 1944-1991. Archives of American Art
referencedIn John Held papers relating to Mail Art, 1973-2008 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Johnson, Ray, 1927-. Oral history interview with Ray Johnson, 1968 Apr. 17 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Seroka, Lenore. Lenore Seroka photographs, 1977-1984. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995. Ray Johnson papers, 1970-1971. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Lippard, Lucy R. Lucy R. Lippard papers, ca. 1940-2006. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Margolies, John. Papers, 1968-1974. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Leon Polk Smith papers, 1938-1997 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Friedman, Ken. Collection, 1964-1971. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Bergé, Carol, 1928-2006. Papers. Washington University in St. Louis, .
creatorOf Greenstone, Marion. Marion Greenstone papers, 1945-2001. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Joan Kron papers, 1959-1971 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Held, John, 1947-. John Held papers relating to Mail Art, [ca. 1960-2000]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Snyder, Ellsworth. Ellsworth Snyder collection of Fluxus multiples and ephemera, 1958-1987. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn DeMott, Helen, 1920-1997. Helen DeMott papers, 1896-1997. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roberts, Colette, 1910-. Colette Roberts papers and interviews with artists, 1961-1971 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Held, John, 1947-. John Held papers relating to Mail Art, [circa 1960-2006]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Silverman, Manny,. Oral history interview with Manny Silverman, 2004, Dec. 10-11 [sound recording]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Helen DeMott papers, 1896-1997 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Knowles, Alison, 1933-. Oral history interview with Alison Knowles, 2010 June 1-2. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976. Wallace Berman papers, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979). Archives of American Art
referencedIn Colette Roberts Papers and Interviews with Artists, 1918-1971 Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lucy R. Lippard papers, 1940s-2006, bulk 1968-1990 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Wagstaff, Samuel J. Samuel Wagstaff papers, 1932-1985. Archives of American Art
creatorOf Johnson, Ray, 1927-1995. [Copy art by Ray Johnson]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Wallace Berman, 1907-1979 (bulk 1955-1979) Archives of American Art
creatorOf Higgins, Dick, 1938-1998. Dick Higgins Collection, 1958-2002 UMBC, Albin O. Kuhn Library & Gallery
referencedIn Joe Brainard Letters, 1957-1994 Mandeville Special Collections Library
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, 1932-2005 Houghton Library
referencedIn Gertrude Kasle Gallery records, 1949-1999 (bulk 1964-1983) Archives of American Art
referencedIn Carter, John Stewart. Papers, 1922-1976 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Dick Higgins papers, 1960-1994, 1972-1993 Getty Research Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alloway, Lawrence, 1926- person
associatedWith Bergé, Carol, 1928-2006. person
associatedWith Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976. person
associatedWith Brainard, Joe, 1942-1994. person
associatedWith Carter, John Stewart, 1911-1965 person
associatedWith Colette Roberts person
correspondedWith Coplans, John person
associatedWith DeMott, Helen person
associatedWith DeMott, Helen, 1920-1997. person
associatedWith De Sana, Jimmy person
associatedWith Esman, Betty, 1904-1996. person
associatedWith Feitler, Bea. person
associatedWith Fesci, Sevim, person
associatedWith Ford, Charles Henri person
associatedWith Ford, Charles Henri. person
associatedWith Ford, Charles Henri, 1913- person
associatedWith Franklin Furnace Archive, corporateBody
associatedWith Friedman, Ken. person
correspondedWith Friedman, Ken, 1949- person
associatedWith Gertrude Kasle Gallery corporateBody
associatedWith Gertrude Kasle Gallery (Detroit, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Gertrude Kasle Gallery (Detroit, Mich.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Glicksman, Hal person
associatedWith Greenstone, Marion. person
associatedWith Held, John person
associatedWith Held, John, 1947- person
associatedWith Higgins, Dick, 1938-1998. person
associatedWith Knowles, Alison, 1933- person
associatedWith Kron, Joan. person
associatedWith Kuh, Katharine. person
associatedWith Lanyon, Ellen. person
associatedWith Lippard, Lucy R. person
associatedWith Lippard, Lucy R. person
associatedWith Lippold, Richard, 1915- person
associatedWith Margolies, John. person
associatedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Correspondance School. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Correspondence School. corporateBody
associatedWith Parsons, Betty. person
associatedWith Roberts, Colette, 1910-1971. person
associatedWith Roux, Barbara A., 1946- person
associatedWith Seroka, Lenore. person
associatedWith Silverman, Manny, person
associatedWith Silverman, Manny, 1941- person
associatedWith Smith, Leon Polk, 1906- person
associatedWith Smithson, Robert person
associatedWith Snyder, Ellsworth. person
associatedWith Ultra Violet. person
associatedWith Wagstaff, Samuel J. person
associatedWith Wallace Berman person
associatedWith Weissner, Carl person
associatedWith Wilentz, Ted. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
Subject
Painters--Interviews
Collagists
Painting, Modern--20th century
Painters
Mail art
Occupation
Artists
Activity

Person

Birth 1927-10-16

Death 1995-01-13

Americans

Information

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Ark ID: w63n2610

SNAC ID: 62438064