Adelsverein

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The Adelsverein, also known as the Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas (Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas), and later as the German Emigration Company, was provisionally organized on April 20, 1842, by twenty-one German noblemen at Biebrich on the Rhine, near Mainz.

The Adelsverein was composed of German noblemen whose intent was to settle emigrants on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant in Texas, but instead they became the founders of New Braunfels and Fredericksburg and ran up a huge debt that they were never able to repay.

The members of the Adelsverein hoped to solve some of the economic problems of the time and turn a profit for themselves while establishing an American trade base for Germany.

After various attempts to secure land, the society finally acquired the Fisher-Miller Grant on the Llano River. Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels was sent to Texas in July 1844 as commissioner general for the society, and in December he received the first group of emigrants with whom he founded New Braunfels in March of 1845. Almost from the beginning the society was in financial trouble; and although Otfried von Meusebach, later called John O. Meusebach, who took over as commissioner general after the first year, was able to keep the settlement running and also to establish Fredericksburg in 1846, the noblemen themselves were never able to pay off their debts and suffered serious personal financial losses. Few of the emigrants ever claimed their land in the Fisher-Miller Grant; but after surviving the ordeal of the first two years, New Braunfels and Fredericksburg became thriving communities. New Braunfels had become the fourth largest city in Texas by 1850.

From the description of Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, 1842-1858 (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 709583817

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Adelsverein. Verein zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas papers, 1846-1901. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Friedrich Armand Strubberg collection, 1835-1962 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Inventory of the Las Moras Ranch Papers Texas MSS 00137 ., 1869-1913 (bulk: 1900-1913) Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, 1842-1858 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Meusebach, John O., 1812-1897. Meusebach, John O., Papers, [ca. 1847-1889] University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Solms-Braunfels Archives 21354052., 1842-1957 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, 1842-1858 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Archiv des Vereins zum Schutz deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, 1840-1957 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Johnson, Jerry Lee,. Collection, 1815-1910. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Meusebach, John O. Papers 63-085; 66-133; 73-059., [ca. 1847-1889] Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Coreth family. Coreth family papers, 1833-1983. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Armand, 1806-1889. Friedrich Armand Strubberg collection, 1835-1962. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Erskine, Andrew Nelson, 1826-1862. Erskine, Andrew Nelson, Papers, 1845-1862 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas. Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, 1842-1858 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Texas. Secretary of State. Secretary of state colonization records, 1820-1879, undated, bulk 1836-1845. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
creatorOf Segner, Peter, 1818-1867. Papers, 1844-1873. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
creatorOf Adelsverein. Solms-Braunfels archives, 1842-1957. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Erskine, Andrew Nelson, Papers, 1845-1862 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas. Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas Records, 1842-1858 University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Verein zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas. Records of the Verein zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, 1842-1864. Library of Congress
creatorOf Adelsverein. German Emigration Company document, 1856. University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Adelsverein. Archiv des Vereins zum Schutz deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, 1840-1957. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adelsverein corporateBody
associatedWith Adolph, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1817-1905 person
associatedWith Alexander, Prince of Solms-Braunfels. person
associatedWith Armand, 1806-1889. person
associatedWith Bené, Louis. person
associatedWith Bene, Louis, Lieutenant. person
associatedWith Bené, Louis, Lieutenant. person
associatedWith Bernhard II, Duke of Sachsen-Meiningen, 1800-1882. person
associatedWith Bibra, August, Freiherr von, 1808-1894 person
associatedWith Bibra, August von. person
associatedWith Bibra, August von. person
associatedWith Boos-Waldeck, Joseph, Graf von. person
associatedWith Boos-Waldeck, Joseph, Graf von. person
associatedWith Bourgeois d'Orvanne, Alexander. person
associatedWith Bourgeois d'Orvanne, Alexander. person
associatedWith Bourgeois d'Orvanne, Alexander. person
associatedWith Carl, Count of Castell, 1801-1850. person
associatedWith Carl, Count of Isenburg-Meerholz. person
associatedWith Carl, Prince of Leiningen, 1804-1856. person
associatedWith Castell, Carl, Graf zu. person
associatedWith Castell, Carl, Graf zu. person
associatedWith Castell, Carl, Graf zu. person
associatedWith Christian, Count of Leiningen. person
associatedWith Christian, Count of Leiningen. person
associatedWith Christian, Count of Neuleiningen-Westerburg. person
associatedWith Coreth family. family
associatedWith Erskine, Andrew Nelson, 1826-1862 person
associatedWith Fisher, Henry, fl. 1845. person
associatedWith Fisher, Henry Francis, 1805-1867 person
associatedWith Flersheim, L. H. person
associatedWith Flersheim, L. H. person
associatedWith Flersheim, L.H. person
associatedWith Frederick III, German Emperor, 1831-1888 person
associatedWith Frederick, Prince of Prussia, 1794-1863. person
associatedWith Friedrich, Count of Altleiningen in Ilbenstadt. person
associatedWith Friedrich, Count of Altleiningen-Westerburg. person
associatedWith German Emigration Company corporateBody
associatedWith Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, 1793-1867. person
associatedWith Hermann, Prince of Wied, 1814-1864. person
associatedWith Hill, B., fl. 1846. person
associatedWith James, John, 1819-1877. person
associatedWith Johnson, Chauncey. person
associatedWith Johnson, Jerry Lee, person
associatedWith Joseph, Count of Boos-Waldeck. person
associatedWith Joseph, Count of Boos-Waldeck. person
associatedWith Klaener, D. H. person
associatedWith Klaener, D. H. person
associatedWith Kriegner, Edward Quirin. person
associatedWith Las Moras Ranch (Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Leiningen, Christian, Graf zu. person
associatedWith Leiningen, Christian, Graf zu. person
associatedWith Leiningen, Victor, Fürst zu. person
associatedWith Leiningen, Victor, Fürst zu. person
associatedWith Merseburg (Germany). Municipal Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Meusebach, John O., 1812-1897 person
associatedWith Otto Viktor, Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg, 1785-1859. person
associatedWith Paschal, Franklin Lafitte, 1810-1884. person
associatedWith Pfeuffer, S. V. person
associatedWith Schmidt, Phillip Nickolaus. person
associatedWith Schmidt, Phillip Nickolaus. person
associatedWith Segner, Peter, 1818-1867. person
associatedWith Solms-Braunfels, Carl, Prinz zu, 1812-1875 person
associatedWith Texas. District Court (Bexar County) corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. District Court (Falls County) corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Secretary of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Victor, Count of Altleiningen-Westerburg. person
associatedWith Wied, Hermann, Fürst zu, d. 1863 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Fredericksburg (Tex.)
New Braunfels (Tex.)
Braunfels (Germany)
Indianola (Tex.)
Germany
Germany
Germany
Mainz (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany)
New Braunfels (Tex.)
Germany--Emigration and immigration
Germany
Braunfels (Germany)
Texas
Texas
Germany
New Braunfels (Tex.)
Comal County (Tex.)
Republic, 1836-1846
Texas
Texas
Galveston (Tex.)
Texas
Germany
Texas
Wiesbaden (Germany)
Indianola (Tex.)
New Braunfels (Tex.)
New Braunfels (Tex.)
Fredericksburg (Tex.)
Texas
Fredericksburg (Tex.)
Galveston (Tex.)
Fredericksburg (Tex.)
Fredericksburg (Tex.)
Sources
Texas
Comal County (Tex.)
Mainz (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany)
Wiesbaden (Germany)
New Braunfels (Tex.)
Fredericksburg (Tex.)
Texas
Subject
Texas--Emigration and immigration
German newspapers
Agriculture--History--19th century
Germans--Texas--History--19th century
Ocean travel--History--Sources
Emigration and immigration law--History--19th century--Sources
German American newspapers
German newspapers--Germany
Nobility--19th century
Germans--History--19th century
Agriculture--Texas--History--19th century
Germans
German Americans--Texas
Germans--History--19th century--Sources
German Americans
Frontier and pioneer life--Texas
Germans--Societies, etc
Germans--Texas
Frontier and pioneer life
Occupation
Bankers--Germany
Financiers--Germany
Activity
Financiers--Germany
Bankers--Germany

Corporate Body

Active 1842

Active 1864

English,

French,

German

Information

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SNAC ID: 62076912