Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901

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Robert Williams Buchanan, British poet, playwright and novelist. He was highly prolific and counted G. H. Lewes, George Eliot, Robert Browning, and Charles Dickens among his friends.

From the description of Robert Williams Buchanan manuscript material : 1 item, 1884 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 77501712

From the guide to the Robert Williams Buchanan manuscript material : 1 item, 1884, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

Buchanan was a poet, journalist, novelist, playwright, and editor. He was born in Staffordshire to Scottish parents and was educated at the University of Glasgow. He left for London in 1860 with his friend, David Gray, to seek fame as a writer, and lived later in his life in London, Sussex, Ireland, and Oban (Scotland). He married and adopted the sister of his wife, Harriet Jay, who later wrote his biography. He was outspoken, and wrote the Fleshly School of Poetry (1871) criticizing the poetry of some of his contemporaries (Rossetti and Swinburne). Many important writers broke with him over this as Rossetti attempted suicide following its publication. Desperate for cash, he wrote many works that were later criticized as beneath his abilities. Buchanan dramatized many of his novels and produced many plays, but many were critically panned and by 1894 his theatrical speculations had left him bankrupt.

From the description of Robert Buchanan letter and poem, between 1860-1901. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 60194676

Robert Williams Buchanan was a Scottish poet, playwright, critic, journalist, and novelist. A regular contributor to numerous periodicals, his reputation is inextricably tied up with his war of words with the neo-Raphaelites, culminating in the so-called Fleshly Scandal, in which Buchanan's written criticism led to the attempted suicide of poet Dante Rossetti. Notorious and constantly in need of money, Buchanan abandoned his poetic gifts and spent the rest of his life churning out inferior novels and stage adaptations, often anonymously.

From the description of Robert Williams Buchanan letter to E.C. Stedman, ca. 1870. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 52999938

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Autograph letter signed Robert Buchanan to: Henry Allen February 21, 1868. Wellesley College
referencedIn Arnold, Edwin, Sir, 1832-1904. Edwin Arnold letters and photographs, 1870-1903. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901,. Autograph letters signed from Robert William Buchanan to various recipients [manuscript], ca. 1861-18[82?]. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn English literature mss., 1851-1900 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 1837-1909. Letter [1869] Jan. 26, Arts Club, Hanover Square [London] to Robert Buchanan [London] University of Michigan
creatorOf Bennoch, Francis, 1812-1890. Correspondence, 1838-1886. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Robert Buchanan letter and poem, between 1860-1901. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Dowson, Ernest Christopher, 1867-1900. Autograph letter signed : London, to Arthur Moore, 1889 June 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Terriss, William, d. 1897,. Autograph letters signed from William Terriss to various recipients [manuscript], 1883-1897. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Paul Hamilton Hayne Collection, 1857-1885 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Forbes-Robertson, Gertrude, d. 1921,. Autograph letter signed from Gertrude (Knight) Forbes-Robertson, New York, to Albert M. Palmer [manuscript], ca. 1888. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Letter, 1876 Nov. 13, Belmullet [Ireland] to A.H. Japp [n.p.]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Correspondence to Lester Wallack, circa 1886. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Letter to [Alexander] Strahan. [London, Eng.] [1879] Feb. 6. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn William Archer Collection, 1868-1990 V & A Department of Theatre and Performance
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Robert Williams Buchanan manuscript material : 1 item, 1884 New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901,. Autograph letters signed from Robert Williams Buchanan to Augustin Daly [manuscript], 1875-1893. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 1837-1909. Under the microscope : manuscript, 1872. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Sir Leslie Stephen collection of papers, 1859]-1939 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Alone in London production materials, 1887-1888. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 1837-1909. Letter [1876] Jan. 9, Holmwood [London] to [William] Minto [n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Buchanan, Robert Williams, 1841-1901. Robert Williams Buchanan letter to E.C. Stedman, ca. 1870. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Dixon, William Hepworth, 1821-1879. Letters 1845-1876. Indiana University
referencedIn Rossetti, William Michael, 1829-1919. Letter to [Edmund] Gosse, 1876 March 21. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Lang, Cecil Y. Cecil Lang papers and autograph collection [manuscript], 1866-1982. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Thomas Bailey Aldrich papers, 1837-1926. Houghton Library
referencedIn Mackenzie, Alexander, Sir, 1847-1935. Autograph letters signed (81), dated : mostly [London], also Ver sur Mer (Calvados), Florence, [and other places], 1883-1908, to [Joseph] Bennett, 1883-1908. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Robert Williams Buchanan letters, undated New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Robert Williams Buchanan manuscript material : 1 item, 1884 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836-1907 person
associatedWith Allen, Henry. person
associatedWith Archer, William., 1856-1924 person
associatedWith Arnold, Edwin, Sir, 1832-1904. person
associatedWith Arnold, Matthew, 1822-1888. person
associatedWith Bennoch, Francis, 1812-1890. person
correspondedWith Daly, Augustin, 1838-1899 person
correspondedWith Dixon, William Hepworth, 1821-1879 person
associatedWith Dowson, Ernest Christopher, 1867-1900. person
associatedWith Forbes-Robertson, Gertrude, d. 1921, person
associatedWith Howe, N., person
associatedWith Hoyt, Frank person
associatedWith Hoyt, Frank. person
associatedWith Japp, Alexander H. (Alexander Hay), 1839-1905. person
associatedWith Lang, Cecil Y. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, Alexander, Sir, 1847-1935. person
associatedWith Rossetti, William Michael, 1829-1919. person
associatedWith Shelley, Percy Bysshe, 1792-1822 person
associatedWith Stedman, Edmund Clarence, 1833-1908, person
associatedWith Stephen, Leslie, Sir, 1832-1904 person
associatedWith Strahan, Alexander, 1834?-1918, person
associatedWith Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 1837-1909. person
correspondedWith Terriss, William, d. 1897, person
associatedWith Trübner, Nicolas, 1817-1884 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Poets, English--19th century--Correspondence
Dramatists, Scottish--Correspondence
Authors, Scottish--Correspondence
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1841-08-18

Death 1901-06-10

Britons

English

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