United China Relief (U.S.)

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United China Relief was founded in 1941 in New York City for the purpose of raising funds to aid the Chinese people.

In order to raise funds more efficiently, several organizations joined together as United China Relief. Among the founding organizations were the American Bureau for Medical Aid to China, the Associated Boards for Christian Colleges in China, the China Emergency Relief Committee, the Church Committee for China Relief, and the China Aid Council. The founding committees retained their own individual identities and continued their relief missions to China. In 1947 the name of United China Relief was changed to United Service to China.

From the description of United China Relief records, 1928-1947. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 144652433

China, with its recurring famines, has long been the object of charitable and humanitarian aid. The Sino-Japanese War which broke out in 1937 added to the flood of refugees, and sick, wounded, and destitute persons. Throughout the war years many committees were formed in America for the purpose of raising funds to aid the Chinese people. In order to make the raising of funds more efficient by reducing duplication of effort, several committees joined together in 1941 to found United China Relief which was chartered in the State of New York, with its headquarters in New York City. Among the founding organizations were the American Bureau for Medical Aid to China, the Associated Boards for Christian Colleges in China, the China Emergency Relief Committee, the Church Committee for China Relief, and the China Aid Council. The records of the latter organization are contained in this collection.

The main function of United China Relief was to provide funds for the relief and rehabilitation of the Chinese people. Ancillary goals were to serve as a medium for informing Americans on events and conditions in China, and to help to reassure the Chinese people of continued American concern and friendship. In practical terms the mission of United China Relief was to raise money for distribution to the various committees which had joined together in founding it. The founding committees retained their own individual identities and continued their own relief missions in China.

In 1947 the name of the organization was changed to United Service to China. Mildred Price served as its executive secretary.

From the guide to the United China Relief records, 1928-1947, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Rhoads, J. Edgar (Joseph Edgar), 1883-1981. Oral history interview, 1969. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Marquand, John P. (John Phillips), 1893-1960. Correspondence, 1892-1960. Houghton Library
creatorOf United China Relief (U.S.). Correspondence with Wanda Gág, 1942-1944. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn American Bureau for Medical Aid to China. American Burea for Medical Aid to China Records, 1937-1979. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn American Bureau for Medical Aid to China Records, 1937-1979. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn Luce, Henry Robinson, 1898-1967. Henry Robinson Luce papers, 1917-1967 (bulk 1945-1967). Library of Congress
referencedIn Henry Robinson Luce Papers, 1917-1967, (bulk 1945-1967) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Eugene Swarzwald, Pictorial California and the Pacific, Collection of Photographs, 1909-ca.1968, bulk ca. 1925-1968 The Huntington Library
referencedIn Towner, Wayland Dean, 1892-1977. Papers, 1910-1971. Raymond H. Fogler Library
creatorOf United China Relief (U.S.). United China Relief records, 1928-1947. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Patterson, Rose. [Culinary ephemera : war]. Box 345. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Indusco, Inc. Indusco, Inc. records, 1938-1985. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn INDUSCO Inc. Records, 1938-1985. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn Fitch, George Ashmore, 1883-. Papers of George A. and Geraldine Fitch, 1909-ca. 1950 (bulk). Harvard University, Harvard-Yenching Library
creatorOf United China Relief (U.S.). United China Relief/United Service to China records, 1941-1966. Princeton University Library
creatorOf United China Relief records, 1928-1947 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Cannon, Walter B. (Walter Bradford), 1871-1945. Papers, 1873-1945, 1972-1974 (inclusive), 1881-1945 (bulk) Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Bureau for Medical Advancement in China. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bureau for Medical Aid to China. corporateBody
associatedWith American Friends Service Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Arnold, Julean Herbert, 1875-1946. person
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. 1892-1973 person
associatedWith Cannon, Walter B. (Walter Bradford), 1871-1945. person
associatedWith Child Welfare Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith China Aid Council corporateBody
associatedWith China Aid Council. corporateBody
associatedWith China Child Welfare corporateBody
associatedWith China Child Welfare. corporateBody
associatedWith China Nutritional Aid Council. corporateBody
associatedWith China's Children Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Clarke, J. Calvitt, b. 1888. person
associatedWith Fitch, George Ashmore, 1883- person
associatedWith Indusco, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Institute of Pacific Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith Juang, Garfield person
associatedWith Juang, Garfield. person
associatedWith Luce, Henry Robinson, 1898-1967. person
associatedWith Mackay, James A. person
associatedWith MacKay, James A person
associatedWith Marquand, John P. (John Phillips), 1893-1960. person
associatedWith Nagle, J. S person
associatedWith Nagle, J.S. person
associatedWith National Child Welfare Association of China. corporateBody
associatedWith Pickford, Mary, 1892-1979 person
associatedWith Rhoads, J. Edgar (Joseph Edgar), 1883-1981. person
associatedWith Roberts, Owen, Mrs person
associatedWith Roberts, Owen, Mrs. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Swarzwald, Eugene. person
associatedWith Towner, Wayland Dean, 1892-1977. person
associatedWith United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United Service to China. corporateBody
associatedWith United Service to China. corporateBody
associatedWith Young, Arthur person
associatedWith Young, Arthur. person
associatedWith Zhou, Enlai, 1898-1976. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
China
China
United States
China
Taiwan
Subject
Nonprofit corporations--20th century
World War, 1939-1945--War work
Child welfare
Industries--1949-1976
Public health
World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief
Nutrition--China
Medicine--China
Nutrition
Reconstruction (1939-1951)
World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief--China
Public health--China
Child welfare--China
Medicine
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1942

Active 1944

Information

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