Ashmore, Harry S.

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Harry S. Ashmore (1916-1998) was an American journalist and author. During his tenure as executive editor of the Arkansas Gazette, the paper won a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (1957) for its coverage of the school integration conflict in Little Rock, Arkansas. In 1959 he relocated to California where he worked with the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions in Santa Barbara (1959-1974) and served as editor in chief of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1960-1963). He is the author of eleven books, many of them on civil rights and race in America.

From the guide to the Harry S. Ashmore Papers, 1957-1974, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Harry S. Ashmore was born in Greenville, S.C., July 27, 1916. He died in Santa Barbara, CA on January 20, 1998. He was a member of the Center for Democratic Institutions (CSDI) board of directors, 1958-1979. He served as Executive Vice-President of CSDI, 1967-1969, 1974-1975; President, 1970-1974. He was Fellow of the Center, 1965-1983; Senior Fellow, 1969-1975; Associate, 1975-1983. He was a reporter, writer, and editor with several newspapers, including Executive Editor, Arkansas Gazette. He was a recipient , of the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing in 1958. Editor in Chief, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1960-1963. Several publications include: The Negro and the Schools; An Epitaph for Dixie; The Other Side of Jordan; The Man in the Middle; Mass Communications; Mission to Hanoi; Fear in the Air; Broadcasting and the First Amendment; The Anatomy of a Constitutional Crisis; The William O. Douglas Inquiry into the State of Individual Freedom, Hearts and Minds; The Anatomy of Racism from Roosevelt to Reagan; Unseasonable Truths; The Life of Robert Maynard Hutchins; Civil Rights and Wrongs: A Memoir of Race and Politics.

In 1955-56, he served as personal assistant to Adlai Stevenson in the campaign for the Democratic nomination. Prior to the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision terminating racial segregation in public education, Mr. Ashmore directed a task force of 45 scholars in a definitive survey of bi-racial education in the United States for the Fund for the Advancement of Education.

From the description of The Harry S. Ashmore Collection, [ca. 1922-1997] (bulk dates 1950s-1980s) (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 71526302

Biography

From Ashmore Civil Rights Commission Nomination files, 1976:

[Harry Ashmore] was born in Greenville, S.C., in 1916. He received his undergraduate education at Clemson College, and was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University. He has been awarded LL.D. degrees by Oberlin, Grinnell, and the University of Arkansas.

He began his journalistic career in Greenville, serving as reporter for the afternoon Piedmont, and later as political writer and state capitol correspondent for the morning News .

In 1941 Mr. Ashmore entered the army, and saw combat service in the European Theatre with the 95th Infantry Division. He rose from second lieutenant to lieutenant-colonel, and after V-E day was assigned to the War Department general staff. He was awarded the Bronze Star with two oak leaf clusters.

In 1945 he went to the Charlotte (N.C.) News as editor. In 1947 Mr. Ashmore joined the Arkansas Gazette as executive editor, and in 1957 he and the Gazette were awarded the first double Pulitzer Prizes in history for distinguished service in the Little Rock school integration controversy. He was also awarded the 1957 Sidney Hillman Award. He has served as a director of the American Society of Newspaper Editors.

Prior to the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision terminating racial segregation in public education, Mr. Ashmore directed a task force of 45 scholars in a definitive survey of bi-racial education in the United States for the Fund for the Advancement of Education.

In 1955-56 he served as personal assistant to Adlai Stevenson in the campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination. He has been Chairman of the Advisory Committee of the California Democratic Party.

From 1960 to 1963 Mr. Ashmore served as editor-in chief of Encyclopaedia Britannica . He has been a correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune . He has written articles for many leading magazines, and is the author of seven books [...] He is the editor of Encyclopaedia Britannica's three-volume Perspectives (1968). In 1973-74 he was Senior Fellow in Communications at Duke University. In 1975 he was the first Howard R. Marsh Visiting Professor at the University of Michigan.

Mr. Ashmore is vice chairman of the ACLU national Advisory Council, and a member of the Board of the National Committee for an Effective Congress.

From the CSDI Collection guide (Mss 18):

Born: Greenville, S.C., July 27, 1916. Died: Santa Barbara, Jan. 20, 1998. CSDI: Member, Board of Directors, 1958-1979; Executive Vice-President, 1967-1969, 1974-1975; President, 1970-1974; Fellow of the Center, 1965-1983; Senior Fellow, 1969-1975; Associate, 1975-1983. Reporter, writer, editor with several newspapers, including Executive Editor, Arkansas Gazette, Little Rock, 1948-1959; on leave as Assistant to Stevenson for President campaign, 1955-1956. Recipient, Pulitzer Prize, editorial writing, 1958. Editor in Chief, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1960-1963; Developer, Editorial Projects, 1963-1966; Chairman, Executive Committee, Board of Directors, 1962-1967; Editor of Britannica Perspectives, 1964-1968. Publications include: The Negro and the Schools (1954), An Epitaph for Dixie (1958), The Other Side of Jordan (1960), The Man in the Middle (1966), Mass Communications (with W. H. Ferry, 1966), Mission to Hanoi: A Chronicle of Double-dealing in High Places (with William C. Baggs, 1968), Fear in the Air; Broadcasting and the First Amendment: The Anatomy of a Constitutional Crisis (1973), The William O. Douglas Inquiry into the State of Individual Freedom (1979), Hearts and Minds: The Anatomy of Racism from Roosevelt to Reagan (1982), Unseasonable Truths: The Life of Robert Maynard Hutchins (1989), and Civil Rights and Wrongs: A Memoir of Race and Politics 1944-1994 (1994).

From the guide to the Harry S. Ashmore Collection, ca. 1922-1997, 1950s-1980s, (University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Dept. of Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Griffin, John A. John Griffin papers, 1964-2000. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions Collection, Series 12: Audio-Visual, ca. 1956-1987 University of California, Santa Barbara. Davidson Library. Department of Special Collections.
creatorOf Harry S. Ashmore Collection, ca. 1922-1997, 1950s-1980s University of California, Santa Barbara. Davidson Library. Department of Special Collections.
referencedIn Scott Millross Buchanan papers, 1911-1972. Houghton Library
creatorOf Ashmore, Harry S. The Harry S. Ashmore Collection, [ca. 1922-1997] (bulk dates 1950s-1980s) University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
creatorOf Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions. Records, 1952-1991. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, 1932-2005 Houghton Library
referencedIn Scott Millross Buchanan papers, 1911-1972. Houghton Library
referencedIn Race Relations Information Center (1954- ). Archives 1954-1975. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Harold C. Fleming Papers, 1950-1993, (bulk 1961-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Fuller, Lon L. Lon L. Fuller papers. 1926-1977. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Lane, John D. John D. Lane papers. 1924-1986. Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
referencedIn Harris, T. George, 1924-. Papers, 1940-2004. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Fund for the Republic. Fund for the Republic archives, 1928-1964 (bulk 1952-1961). Princeton University Library
referencedIn Black, Creed C., 1925-. Papers, 1943-1998. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Scott Millross Buchanan papers, 1911-1972. Houghton Library
referencedIn Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions Collection, 1950-1991, 1961-1987 University of California, Santa Barbara. Davidson Library. Department of Special Collections.
referencedIn Carolina Symposium. Records of the Carolina Symposium, 1927- 1986. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Fund for the Republic Records, 1928-1964, 1952-1961 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
creatorOf Harry S. Ashmore Papers, 1957-1974 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Black, Creed C., 1925- person
correspondedWith Buchanan, Scott Millross, 1895-1968 person
associatedWith Carolina Symposium. corporateBody
associatedWith Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions. corporateBody
associatedWith Fleming, Harold C. person
correspondedWith Fuller, Lon L., 1902- person
correspondedWith Fund for the Republic. corporateBody
associatedWith Griffin, John A. person
associatedWith Harris, T. George, 1924- person
associatedWith Lane, John D. person
associatedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith Race Relations Information Center (1954- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arkansas
United States
Subject
Race relations
Race relations and the press
African Americans
Civil rights
Freedom of the press
International relations
Journalism
Occupation
Authors
Journalists
Activity

Person

Birth 1917-07-28

Death 1998-01-20

Americans

English

Information

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