Yale-China Association

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Plans for a Yale mission in China were first formulated in 1901. In 1902, the Yale Foreign Missionary Society was organized, and Lawrence Thurston travelled to China in order to contact missionary groups and investigate locations for a mission. In 1903, the First Conference of Protestant Missions of Hunan invited a Yale group to settle in Changsha. Brownell Gage, Warren Seabury, and Edward Hume formed the first group. A collegiate school, Yali Middle School, opened in 1906, and in 1914, the College of Arts and Sciences opened. In 1928, the School of Science of Yale-in-China College became part of Central China (Hua Chung) College. A dispensary (1905) and hospital (1908) were started, and a new medical school began in 1916. World War II forced the school's evacuation, and rebuilding efforts were halted by the evacuation of mainland personnel in 1948. Schools and operations continue to function in Hong Kong. Although affiliated with Yale University, the Yale-China Association is an independent organization with its own board of trustees.

From the description of Yale-China Association records, 1878-2008 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702160950

Plans for a Yale Mission in China were first formulated in 1901. In 1902 the Yale Foreign Missionary Society was organizated and Lawrence Thurston travelled to China in order to contact missionary groups and investigate locations for a mission. In 1903 the First Conference of Protestant Missions of Hunan invited a Yale group to settle in Changsha. Brownell Gage, Warren Seabury, and Edward Hume formed the first group. A collegiate school, Yali Middle School, opened in 1906 and in 1914 the College of Arts and Sciences opened. In 1928 the School of Science of Yale-in-China College became part of Central China (Hua Chung) College. A dispensary (1905) and hospital (1908) were started and a new medical school began in 1916. World War II forced the school's evacuation and rebuilding efforts were halted by the evacuation of mainland personnel in 1948. Schools and operations continue to function in Hong Kong. Although affiliated with Yale University, the Yale-China Association is an independent organization with its own board of trustees.

From the description of Yale-China Association records, YRG 37-A, 1877- (inclusive), 1901-1982 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 123373398

The Yale-China Association is a non-profit educational organization concerned with promoting understanding and goodwill between the American and Chinese peoples. Though affiliated with Yale University, it is an independent organization with its own board of trustees, its own funding sources, and a staff of five.

The Association's educational activities are both national and international in scope. At present Yale-China's overseas activities are confined to Hong Kong where, since 1954, the Association has worked closely with New Asia College, a component of the Chinese University. The Yale-China Association maintains a representative of its board of trustees in Hong Kong to supervise the Association's educational work and to participate in university activities. Current programs of the Association include the Yale Teaching Fellowships, which annually send two Yale graduates to the Chinese University on two-year teaching appointments, and the Overseas Chinese Fellowships, which each year bring two graduates of New Asia College to the United States for two years of advanced degree work and a professor from the Chinese University to conduct research and seminars in the United States. In addition, the Association provides scholarships for New Asia College students and financial assistance to both New Asia College and the Chinese University for special projects.

In the United States, the Association's activities include the recruiting of students and scholars for the International Asian Studies Program, the production of a film series on Chinese history and culture for use in the classroom, and a variety of programs and lectures aimed at increasing the American people's understanding of China.

History

Plans for a Yale Mission in China were first formulated in 1901 by a small group of Yale students and faculty. The original intention was to develop and maintain a non-denominational Christian institution of higher learning. In the following year, the Yale Foreign Missionary Society was organized, and its first representative, Lawrence Thurston, was sent to China to establish contact with existing missionary groups and to seek a site on which to locate the mission. In 1903, as a result of Thurston's efforts, the First Conference of Protestant Missions of Hunan extended an invitation to the Yale group to settle in Changsha and to assume responsibility for the higher education of the province. During 1905, following a preliminary site survey, Brownell Gage, Warren Seabury, and Edward Hume, the first representatives of the Yale Foreign Missionary Society, took up residence in Changsha, Since it was not possible to open a college until prospective students had received the necessary preparation, a collegiate school - Yali Middle School - was opened in 1906. Gage was chosen as chairman of the school's governing board, and Seabury was appointed dean.

To help alleviate the teaching load at Yali Middle School, the Yali Bachelor or teaching fellow program was instituted. Under this program, selected Yale graduates spent two years teaching at Yali. For six years during the Sino-Japanese and Second World Wars, Yali was located on a refugee campus at Yuanling, Hunan. By the mid-1940s, enrollment at the school averaged as many as 500 boys.

In 1914, the College of Arts and Sciences was started with graduates from the middle school. Degrees granted by the College were recognized by the Hunan Provincial Government, the National Government of China, and the state of Connecticut. In 1927 the National Government of China, under Chiang Kai-shek's leadership, came into existence, and during the transition period all Americans withdrew from Hunan. The following year the Association came to the conclusion that college-level education in Hunan could be most practically carried on by means of a cooperative effort with other missionary groups. Following this plan, the School of Science of Yale-in-China College became part of Central China (Hua Chung) College. During World War II, Hua Chung's campus was located in western Yunnan.

In 1905, immediately after his arrival in Changsha, Dr. Edward Hume began a dispensary, and in 1908 a hospital was opened under his direction. When Dr. F.C. Yen joined the hospital's staff in 1910, Yale-in-China became the first institution in China to employ western-educated Chinese as full members of the permanent faculty on equal terms with Americans. In 1914, agreement was reached with the Hunan government to co-operate in sponsoring medical education in the form of a new hospital and medical school. The Yale-in-China College of Nursing, begun by Nina Gage in 1910, was also placed under the direction of the cooperative Hunan-Yale (Hsiang-Ya) Board. In 1916, the first students entered the new medical school.

During World War II, Hsiang-Ya Hospital continued to service the local community as well as military personnel. In 1939, as the Japanese Army approached Changsha, three branch hospitals were established. The main hospital was able to continue in Changsha until 1944.

Because of the military threat, the Medical College was moved to Kweiyang in 1938. Two years later, it was designated a national medical college by the Chinese Ministry of Education and began to receive funds from the Nationalist Government. The 1945 bombing of Kweiyang forced the school's evacuation to Chungking.

Planning for the reconstruction of Yali and Hsiang-Ya was begun immediately after the war. However, rebuilding had just begun when the political situation deteriorated and fighting broke out between the forces of Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Tse-Tung. In November 1948, most of the Yale-in-China staff remaining in Changsha were evacuated. Dwight Rugh, the last representative of Yale-in-China on the mainland, crossed the border into Hong Kong in May 1951. Both Yali and Hsiang-Ya continued to function under the People's Republic. Yali was renamed Hunan Private Liberation Middle School and Hsiang-Ya's facilities were doubled, so that by 1962 it had an enrollment of nearly 5,000 students.

For further information on the history of the Yale-China Association, see Yale in China, the Mainland 1901-51, by Reuben Holden, New Haven, 1964; The Yale-China Association: A Centennail History by Nancy E. Chapman with Jessica C. Plumb, New Haven, 2001.

A note on changes in name: the Yale-China Association was incorporated in 1903 as the Yale Foreign Missionary Society. In 1934, the name was changed to the Yale-in-China Association and in 1975 to the Yale-China Association.

From the guide to the Yale-China Association records, 1878-2008, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Johnson, Nelson T. (Nelson Trusler), 1887-1954. The reminiscences of Nelson Trusler Johnson, 1954 [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Arthur Twining Hadley, president of Yale University, records, 1899-1921 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Ralph Henry Gabriel papers, 1917-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Edward H. and Lotta C. Hume papers, 1897-1990 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Pettus, William Winston, 1912-1945. William Winston Pettus papers, 1928-1945 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Seabury, Warren Bartlett, 1877-1907. Warren Bartlett Seabury papers, 1901-1936 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Warren Bartlett Seabury papers, 1901-1936 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Yale-China Association. Yale-China Association bachelor program records, 1969-1986 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Greene, Phillips Foster, 1892-1967. Phillips F. and Ruth A. Greene papers, 1923-1977 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Samuel Wells Williams family papers, 1809-1983, 1809-1941 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960, 1892-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Leavens, Dickson Hammond, 1887-. Dickson H. and Marjorie B. Leavens papers, 1904-1972 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Hartwell, John Augustus, 1869-1940. John Augustus Hartwell papers, 1913-1933 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Gabriel, Ralph Henry, 1890-. Ralph Henry Gabriel papers, 1917-1982 (inclusive), 1917-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Yale-China Association bachelor program records, 1916-1986 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn John Lawrence Thurston papers, 1894-1956 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Lovett, Sidney, 1890-1979. Sidney Lovett papers, 1889-1979 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Lobenstine, E. C. (Edwin Carlyle), 1872-1958. Papers [microform]. Yake University Divinity School Library
creatorOf Yale-China Association records, 1878-2008 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Zhu, Sophia Tierong. Sophia Tierong Zhu papers, 1947-2005 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Rockwood, Charles Parkman, 1916-1970. Charles Parkman Rockwood papers, 1939-1945 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn William Winston Pettus papers, 1928-1945 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Farnam family papers, 1721-1941 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn William Sloane Coffin, Jr. papers, 1916-2006 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Farnam family. Farnam family papers, 1721-2002 (inclusive), 1850-1937 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Sophia Tierong Zhu papers, 1947-2005 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Thurston, John Lawrence, 1874-1904. John Lawrence Thurston papers, 1894-1956 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Richards, Howard, 1877-1940. Howard Richards papers, 1907-1959 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Yale University. President's Office. Records of Arthur Twining Hadley as president of Yale University, 1899-1921 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Stanley Wilson papers, 1913-1918 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Yale-China Association papers and memorabilia, 1877-1997 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Williams, S. Wells (Samuel Wells), 1812-1884. Samuel Wells Williams family papers, 1809-1983 (inclusive), 1809-1941 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (inclusive), 1892-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Yale-China Association. Yale-China Association records, YRG 37-A, 1877- (inclusive), 1901-1982 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Yale-China Association. Yale-China Association records, 1878-2008 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Hume, Edward H. (Edward Hicks), 1876-1957. Edward H. and Lotta C. Hume papers, 1897-1990 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Yale-China Association. Yale-China Association administrative records, 1906-1989 (inclusive), 1970-1989 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Robert Swanton Platt papers, 1913-1960, 1913-1919 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Wilson, Stanley, 1879-1954. Stanley Wilson papers, 1913-1918 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Yale-China Association administrative records, 1903-1989, 1970-1989 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Yale University. President's Office. Records of Arthur Twining Hadley as president of Yale University, 1899-1921 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn A. Sidney Lovett papers, 1889-1979 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Dickson H. and Marjorie B. Leavens papers, 1904-1972 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Williams, S. Wells (Samuel Wells), 1812-1884. Samuel Wells Williams family papers, 1824-1936 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Loram, C. T. (Charles Templeman), 1879-1940. Charles Templeman Loram papers, 1779-1975 (inclusive), 1884-1940 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Coffin, William Sloane. William Sloane Coffin, Jr. papers, 1916-2006 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Phillips F. and Ruth A. Greene papers, 1923-1977 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aid to Refugee Chinese Intellectuals. corporateBody
associatedWith American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith American Board of Foreign Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bureau for Medical Advancement in China. corporateBody
associatedWith Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949. person
associatedWith Arnold, Lauren. person
associatedWith Arnold, Lauren. person
associatedWith Beach, Harlan P. 1854-1933. person
associatedWith Beeby, Nell V., 1896-1957. person
associatedWith Bingham, Woodbridge. person
associatedWith Bliss, Charles Franklin, 1858-1947. person
associatedWith Brewster, Kingman, 1919- person
associatedWith Chang, Fu-liang, 1889- person
associatedWith Chang, Hsiao Ch'ien. person
associatedWith Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975. person
associatedWith Chiang, May-ling Soong, 1897-2003. person
associatedWith Chinese Students' Christian Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Chinese Students' Christian Association in North America. corporateBody
associatedWith Chinese University of Hong Kong. corporateBody
associatedWith Christian Medical Council for Overseas Work. corporateBody
associatedWith Clise, James William, 1900-1961. person
associatedWith Coe, John Leslie, 1902- person
associatedWith Coffin, Henry Sloane, 1877-1954. person
associatedWith Coffin, William Sloane. person
associatedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933. person
associatedWith Crary, Stephen Trowbridge. person
associatedWith Crary, Stephen Trowbridge. person
associatedWith Dayton, Arthur Bliss, 1889- person
associatedWith Farnam family family
associatedWith Farnam family. family
associatedWith Farnam, Louise. person
associatedWith Farnum, Louise. person
associatedWith Farnum, Louise. person
associatedWith Ford Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Foreign Missions Conference of North America. corporateBody
associatedWith Freeland, Herbert H. person
associatedWith Freeland, Herbert H. person
associatedWith Fulton, Robert Brank. person
associatedWith Fulton, Robert Brank, 1911- person
associatedWith Gabriel, Ralph Henry, 1890-1987. person
associatedWith Gage, Brownell, 1874- person
associatedWith Greene, Phillips Foster, 1892-1967. person
associatedWith Guo li Xiang Ya yi xue yuan. Hsiang-Ya Hospital (Changsha, China) corporateBody
associatedWith Hadley, Arthur Twining, 1856-1930. person
associatedWith Harkness, Edward Stephen, 1874-1940. person
associatedWith Hartwell, John Augustus, 1869-1940. person
associatedWith Holden, Reuben A. 1918- person
associatedWith Hsiang Ya Hospital. corporateBody
associatedWith Hsin Ya shu yüan (Kowloon, Hong Kong) corporateBody
associatedWith Hua Chung College. corporateBody
associatedWith Hua Chung College. corporateBody
associatedWith Hua zhong shi fan xue yuan. corporateBody
associatedWith Hume, Edward H. 1876-1957. person
associatedWith Hunan-Yale College of Medicine. Hsiang-Ya Hospital (Changsha, China) corporateBody
associatedWith Hutchins, Francis Stephenson. person
associatedWith Johnson, Nelson T. (Nelson Trusler), 1887-1954. person
associatedWith Kitchen, Wilmer J. person
associatedWith Kitchen, Wilmer J. person
associatedWith Kwei, Paul C. T. person
associatedWith Kwei, Paul C. T. person
associatedWith Latourette, Kenneth Scott, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Leavens, Dickson Hammond, 1887-1955. person
associatedWith Li, Choh-Ming, 1912- person
associatedWith Light, Timothy. person
associatedWith Light, Timothy. person
associatedWith Lobenstine, E. C. 1872-1958. person
associatedWith Lobenstine, E. C. (Edwin Carlyle), 1872-1958. person
associatedWith Lobenstine, Edwin Carlyle, 1872- person
associatedWith Long, Charles H. person
associatedWith Long, Charles H. person
associatedWith Loram, C. T. 1879-1940. person
associatedWith Loram, C. T. (Charles Templeman), 1879-1940. person
associatedWith Lovett, Sidney, 1890-1979. person
associatedWith Luce, Henry Robinson, 1898-1967. person
associatedWith Lyford, Oliver S. person
associatedWith Lyford, Oliver S. person
associatedWith Morland, J. Kenneth person
associatedWith National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith New Asia College. corporateBody
associatedWith Paxton, John Hall, 1899-1952. person
associatedWith Pettus, William B. (William Bacon), b. 1880 person
associatedWith Pettus, William Winston, 1912-1945. person
associatedWith Platt, Robert S. (Robert Swanton), 1891- person
associatedWith Rattenbury, Harold B. person
associatedWith Reed, Edward Bliss, 1872-1940. person
associatedWith Religio-scientific Institute (Camden, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Religio-Scientific Institute (Camden, N.J.) corporateBody
associatedWith Richards, Howard, 1877-1940. person
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation. China Medical Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation. China Medical Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation.. China Medical Board.. corporateBody
associatedWith Rockwood, Charles Parkman, 1916-1970. person
associatedWith Rudin, Harry R. 1898- person
associatedWith Rugh, Dwight Dek. person
associatedWith Sallmon, William Henry, 1866-1938. person
associatedWith Schoyer, Preston. person
associatedWith Schoyer, Preston, 1911- person
associatedWith Seabury, Warren Bartlett, 1877-1907. person
associatedWith Smith, Robert Ashton, 1914- person
associatedWith Soong, T. T. person
associatedWith Soong, T. T. person
associatedWith Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Thurston, John Lawrence, 1874-1904. person
associatedWith Thurston, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Thurston, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Tighe, Laurence G., 1894-1954. person
associatedWith Tighe, Laurence Gotzian, 1894-1954. person
associatedWith Tilson, John Q. 1866-1958. person
associatedWith Torrey, Elizabeth B. person
associatedWith Torrey, Elizabeth B. person
associatedWith Tucker, Luther, 1802-1873. person
associatedWith United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia. corporateBody
associatedWith Vaill, George D. person
associatedWith Walker, Williston, 1860-1922. person
associatedWith Walworth, Arthur, 1903- person
associatedWith Ward, Baldwin H. person
associatedWith Weigle, Luther Allan, 1880-1976. person
associatedWith Weigle, Richard Daniel, 1912- person
associatedWith Wei, Zhuomin, 1888- person
associatedWith Welch, Pierce N. person
associatedWith Welch, Pierce N. person
associatedWith Wheeler, W. Reginald 1889-1963. person
associatedWith Wiggin, Frederick Holme, 1882-1963. person
associatedWith Wiggin, Lewis Merriam. person
associatedWith Wiggin, Lewis Merriam. person
associatedWith Wilder, Amos Parker, 1862- person
associatedWith Willard, William R., 1908- person
associatedWith Willard, William Robert, 1908- person
associatedWith Williams, Frederick Wells, 1857-1928. person
associatedWith Williams, S. Wells (Samuel Wells), 1812-1884. person
associatedWith Wilson, Stanley, 1879-1954. person
associatedWith Wilson, Stanley Kidder, 1879-1944. person
associatedWith Wright, Henry B. 1877-1923. person
associatedWith Xin Ya shu yuan (Kowloon, Hong Kong) corporateBody
associatedWith Yale Union Middle School. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Yali Middle School. corporateBody
associatedWith Yali Middle School. corporateBody
associatedWith Yali Union Middle School. corporateBody
associatedWith Yanjing da xue. corporateBody
associatedWith Yen-ching ta hsüeh. corporateBody
associatedWith Ying, Kai. person
associatedWith Ying, Kai Shih. person
associatedWith Yung, Wing, 1828-1912. person
associatedWith Zee, T. M. person
associatedWith Zee, T. M. Arthur, 1903- person
associatedWith Zhang, Fuliang, b. 1889. person
associatedWith Zhang, Xiaoqian. person
associatedWith Zhang, Xiaoqian. person
associatedWith Zhu, Sophia Tierong. person
associatedWith Zhu, Sophia Tierong. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
China
Changsha (Hunan Sheng, China)
Beijing (China)
China
Shanghai (China)
Nan-ching shih (China)
Nanjing (Jiangsu Sheng, China)
Taiwan.
Kuliang (China)
China
Nanjing (Jiangsu Sheng, China)
China
Kuliang (China)
Taiwan
China
Yuanling (China)
Shanghai (China)
Han-kʻou (China)
Chʻang-sha shih (China)
Taiwan
Beijing (China)
Han-kʻou (China)
Beijing (China)
Hong Kong (China)
Yüanling (China)
Kuliang (China)
Hong Kong (China)
Shanghai (China)
Changsha (Hunan Sheng, China)
Han-kʻou (China)
Yuanling (China)
Hong Kong
Subject
World War, 1939-1945--China
Communism--China
Missions
Communism
World War, 1939-1945
Missions--China
Occupation
Missionaries
Activity
Missionaries

Corporate Body

Active 1878

Active 2008

Information

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