Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773

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British statesman, diplomat, and wit.

From the description of Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield letters : London and The Hague, 1730-1759. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702148264

From the description of Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield letters : London and The Hague, 1730-1759. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82154307

Brief Biographical Sketch

Born into the English aristocracy, the 4th Earl of Chesterfield had the family connections and wealth to live, in the words of the Dictionary of National Biography, as "politician, wit, and letter-writer." Upon the death of Queen Anne in 1714, his family connections enabled him to leave his life of travel and leisure to take up at the age of 20 what was the beginning of a fluctuating political career.

Chesterfield was influential in government circles but the role of opposition was more suited to his temperament. He produced a number of effective political satires against his opponents and also displayed gifts of oratory in the House of Lords. The major fact of his political career was his opposition to Robert Walpole whom he helped to force out in 1742.

Chesterfield's ill health and recurring political misfortunes affected his official career. George II, whose favorite he was for a time, secured him the ambassadorship to The Hague in 1728. There he met Mlle du Bouchet by whom he became the father of an illegitimate son Philip whose education became one of his main concerns. Ill health forced him to leave this post in 1732. In 1733 he arranged a marriage with Petronilla Melusina von der Schulenburg, a union of financial convenience.

As the result of a new political coalition in 1744 Chesterfield became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The next year he was sent on special mission to The Hague to induce the Dutch to join in the War of the Austrian Succession. Better relations with the King lead to Chesterfield's appointment as Secretary of State for the North in 1746. His resignation two years later after political differences with the Duke of Newcastle ended his official career. Although he retained some influence in politics, he spent most of his time pursuing his own interests--building a house, directing the education of his natural son, and reading. He died in March, 1773.

Chesterfield is best known for his "Letters written... to his son", a correspondence, including elaborate essays, which he continued until his son's death.

From the guide to the Diplomatic Papers of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, 1720-1748, (The Bancroft Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Memorandums, [ca. 1800]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [circa 1750-1780 and 1813-1820]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. [Letter] 1738 Oct. 18, Bath [England to] "Mon cher enfant." Phoenix Public Library
referencedIn Sterne, Laurence, 1713-1768. Autograph letter signed : London, to "my dear Kitty" [Catherine Fourmantel], [1760 Mar.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Letter : to Robert Dodsley, 1757 Dec. 22. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Cornwall, Frances Elizabeth. [Commonplace book], 1799-1805. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773,. Autograph letter signed from the Earl of Chesterfield, Blackheath, to Walter Harte [manuscript], 1764 August 18. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Garrick, David, 1717-1779. Epilogue by David Garrick for Master Ernst [manuscript], [1767]. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Grant of annuity to Elizabeth Bouchet, 1735 Oct 8. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Clark, Robert Sterling, 1877-1956. Sterling and Francine Clark Papers: Reading Library, 1707-1961. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, The Clark
creatorOf Catholic Church. [Breviary]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Xenophon, of Ephesus. Les Éphésiaques de Xenophon, ou, Les amours d'Anthie & d'Ambrocomas : [Hague (Netherlands)], [between 1728 and 1732]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. A narrative of what passed relative to the quarrel of Mr. David Hume & Jean Jacques Rousseau : as far as Mr. Horace Walpole was concerned in it ... 1812. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Garrick, David, 1717-1779. Adam Fitzadam to the Earl of Chesterfield [manuscript], [1754]. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773,. Autograph letter signed from Phillip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, to the Duke of Newcastle [manuscript], 1754 March 14. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Autograph letter signed : Blackheath [London], to an unnamed correspondent, 1762 July 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Craig, William, 1745-1813. Essay on the Earl of Chesterfield, ca. 1774. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773,. Autograph letter signed from Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, to unidentified recipient [manuscript], 1732 December 11. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Dodd, Philip Stanhope, 1775-1852. The trial and execution of the Reverend William Dodd : manuscript, [not before 1813] Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [ca. 1750]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Amy Lowell autograph collection, 1523-1930. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [ca. 1737]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. DS, 1760 Dec 23. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Diplomatic papers of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, 1720-1748. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. [Autograph letter to his son, Christmas Day, 1752]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Hawes, Francis. [Commonplace book]. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield letters : London and The Hague, 1730-1759. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [early 18th century]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Connely, Willard, 1888-. Papers, 1930-1940. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Extra-illustrated Life of Nollekens, 1708-1875, 1768-1836 Yale Center for British Art
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield letters : London and The Hague, 1730-1759. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn English-language manuscript verse in the Houghton Library: First-line index, ca. 1000-ca. 1820. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified recipient, 1747 Jan. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Diplomatic Papers of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, 1720-1748 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Hirst, Edward. [Hirst collection of letters from Rev. Samuel Marsden and others] [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Locker-Lampson, Warburg, Grimson autograph album, 1552-1890. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, 1694-1773. Autograph letter signed : Hague, to Lord Harrington, 1730 Dec. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Scrapbook, 1724-1807. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Mainwaring family. Diaries, 1738-1744. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Bouchet, Elizabeth. person
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, Robert Sterling, 1877-1956. person
associatedWith Connely, Willard, 1888- person
associatedWith Cornwall, Frances Elizabeth. person
associatedWith Craig, William, 1745-1813. person
associatedWith Dodd, Philip Stanhope, 1775-1852. person
associatedWith Dodsley, Robert, 1703-1764. person
associatedWith Eliot, Mr., fl. 1754 person
associatedWith Fleming, John F. (John Francis), 1910- person
associatedWith Garrick, David, 1717-1779. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Parliament corporateBody
associatedWith Harrington, William Stanhope, Earl of, ca. 1690-1756, person
correspondedWith Harte, Walter, 1709-1774 person
associatedWith Hartley, Leonard Lawrie, 1816-1883 person
associatedWith Hawes, Francis. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Kirkby, Mrs. person
associatedWith Knight, Alfred, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Locker-Lampson, Frederick, 1821-1895 person
correspondedWith Lowell, Amy, 1874-1925 person
associatedWith Mainwaring family. family
correspondedWith Newcastle, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of, 1693-1768 person
associatedWith Pelham, Mr., fl. 1754 person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Stanhope, Philip, 1732-1768. person
associatedWith Sterne, Laurence, 1713-1768. person
associatedWith Upcott, William, 1779-1845 person
associatedWith Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. person
associatedWith Xenophon, of Ephesus. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Europe
Great Britain
Great Britain
Europe
Great Britain
England
Great Britain
Subject
Annuities
English drama--19th century--History and criticism
Young men--Conduct of life
Conduct of life
Legal manuscripts
Theater 19th century
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1694-09-22

Death 1773-03-24

Britons

English

Information

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