Yonge, Charlotte M. (Charlotte Mary), 1823-1901

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English novelist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Otterbourne, Winchester, to "My dear Florence", 1874 Sept. 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270584507

Novelist and children's writer.

From the description of Letters, 1866-1893. (University of Iowa Libraries). WorldCat record id: 233117781

Charlotte Mary Yonge was born and lived all her life at Otterbourne, near Winchester. Her father had, on marrying, renounced a military career and moved from his family roots in Devon, but annual visits to cousins there were an important and enjoyable part of CMY's childhood. She was educated at home by her parents, William and Frances (nee Bargus), both of whom came from clerical families, and their conviction that women's education and talents should be nurtured within a framework of paternal Christian authority shaped her character, and is reflected in her writing. At 7 years she began teaching in Sunday school, and at 13 she was further influenced by John Keble, who had been appointed to the neighbouring parish, Hursley. He prepared her for confirmation, and encouraged her to view her writing as a talent to be developed in the service of the church, though he warned her against too blatant a tone of Christian polemic. She wrote over 200 volumes of fiction and non-fiction, as well as historical romances for children, text-books, a history of Christian names (1863), a life of her cousin Bishop Patteson (1874), and a memoir of Hannah More (1888). She also edited 'The Monthly Packet', a magazine for young ladies, from 1851 until 1890. Her most famous works of fiction include 'The Heir of Redclyffe' (1853), 'The Daisy Chain' (1856), 'The Young Stepmother' (1861), 'The Clever Woman of the Family' (1865), and 'The Pillars of the House' (1873). They explore the moral conflicts of sheltered lives, duty versus ambition, and the difference between real and apparent goodness. Although written mainly for young women, they were admired by her literary contemporaries, and in dealing with relationships in large families, often in isolated rural areas, they reveal changes in social mobility, education and housing, and in the Church of England. In 1868 Emily Davies wrote to Charlotte Yong, requesting her support for 'the proposed college for ladies', which CMY declined to offer, stating her preference for home education for girls, possibly continued voluntarily by the girls themselves, as being far more valuable both intellectually and morally. She also had 'decided objections to bringing large masses of girls together.' Nevertheless, Girton College has an impressive collection of Yonge's published work, as well as an important archive of papers, from various sources.

From the guide to the Personal Papers of Charlotte Yonge, 1857-1997, (Girton College Library, University of Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Carroll, Lewis, 1832-1898. Autograph letter signed : Oxford, to Miss Yonge, [18]80 May 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Autograph letter signed : Otterbourne, Winchester, to an unidentified recipient, [no year] Nov. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Yonge, Charlotte M. (Charlotte Mary), 1823-1901,. Autograph letter signed from C.M. Yonge, Otterbourne, to unidentified recipient [manuscript], 1896 April 25. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Personal Papers of Charlotte Yonge, 1857-1997 Girton College Library, University of Cambridge
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte M. (Charlotte Mary), 1823-1901. [Letter, 1854] July 10th, Otterbourn, Winchester / CMYonge. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Autograph File, O, 1706-1966. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, Y, 1754-1914. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Virginia Woolf Monk's House photograph album (MH-6), ca. 1850-1900 and undated. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Lyttelton, Sarah, 1870-1942. Sarah Lyttelton diaries, 1890-1905. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Furnivall, Frederick James, 1825-1910. Correspondence of Frederick James Furnivall, 1843-1910 (bulk 1848-1895). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Autograph letter signed : Otterbourne, Winchester, to "My dear Florence", 1874 Sept. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Henry Battersby: Correspondence and papers, Early 19th century-1933 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Dickinson family library, 1810-1977. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Charles C. Nickerson collection of W. H. (William Hurrell) Mallock and other papers, ca. 1863-1971 (inclusive), ca. 1863-1908 and 1962-1971 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn British authors collection, 1840-1953. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte M. (Charlotte Mary), 1823-1901. Letter, 1870, June 4, Otterbourne, Winchester, Eng., to Dear Madam. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Letters, 1866-1893. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte M. (Charlotte Mary), 1823-1901. Autograph letter signed C M Yonge to: "My dear Sir." July 29, 1860. Wellesley College
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. [Letter to unidentified correspondent]. University of Sheffield, Sheffield University
creatorOf Parrish, Morris Longstreth, 1867-1944,. Morris L. Parrish collection of Victorian novelists, 1806-1958 (bulk 1830s-1930s). Princeton University Library
creatorOf Chapman, Frederic, 1823-1895,. American and English literary and historical papers collected by Atcheson L. Hench [manuscript] 1814-1890. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Autograph letter signed : Otterbourne, Winchester, to Mary, 1870 Mar. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Lyttelton, Sarah, 1870-1942. Sarah Lyttelton diaries, 1890-1905. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to "Dear Madam", 1874 July 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Tree, Herbert Beerbohm, Sir, 1853-1917. Letter, [18]75 June 2 : Bishopsgate [London, England], to [Edward] Rose, [London?]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Autograph letter signed : Otterbourne, Winchester, to a lady writer, [ca. 1892] May 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Fales Manuscript Collection, ca. 1700-2000 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte M. (Charlotte Mary), 1823-1901,. Autograph letter signed from C.M. Yonge, Otterbourne, to unidentified recipient [manuscript], 1896 April 25. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Autograph letter signed : to "My dear Arthur", [early 1870s?] Dec. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Harcourt Amory collection of Lewis Carroll, 1843-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901. Autograph letters signed (2) and a portion of another : Otterbourne, Winchester, to "Dear Madam", 1848 Apr. 5, [1863] June 3. and [March or April 1878]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Fales Manuscript Collection, ca. 1700-2000 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Smedes, Susan Dabney, 1840-1913. Papers of Susan Dabney Smedes [manuscript], 1818 (bulk 1886-1907). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Yonge, Charlotte M. (Charlotte Mary), 1823-1901. Miscellaneous manuscripts, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Ritchie, Anne Thackeray, 1837-1919. Autograph letter signed : Freshwater Bay, I.O.W., to Miss [Charlotte] Yonge, "Wednesday" [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Alfred C. Berol Collection of Lewis Carroll, 1845 - 1993 Fales Library & Special Collections
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Amory, Harcourt, 1855-1925 person
associatedWith Bacon, Francis, 1561-1626 person
associatedWith Berol, Alfred C., (collector) person
associatedWith Carroll, Lewis, 1832-1898. person
associatedWith Dickinson family, collector. family
associatedWith Fales, DeCoursey, 1888-1966 person
associatedWith Furnivall, Frederick James, 1825-1910. person
associatedWith Henry Francis Prevost Battersby person
associatedWith Lyttelton, Sarah, 1870-1942. person
associatedWith Mary, person
correspondedWith Nickerson, Charles C., collector. person
associatedWith Palmer, Sophia M. (Sophia Matilda), Lady, 1852-1915, person
associatedWith Parrish, Morris Longstreth, 1867-1944, person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Ritchie, Anne Thackeray, 1837-1919. person
associatedWith Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 person
associatedWith Smedes, Susan Dabney, 1840-1913. person
associatedWith Strickland, Agnes, 1796-1874, person
associatedWith Thywhitt, R. St. John (Richard St. John), 1827-1895, person
associatedWith Tree, Herbert Beerbohm, Sir, 1853-1917. person
associatedWith White, Mrs. person
associatedWith Wilford, Florence, person
associatedWith Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941 person
associatedWith Yonge, Arthur Duke, person
correspondedWith Yonge, Charlotte Mary, 1823-1901 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
England
Subject
Authors and publishers
Women authors
Novels
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1823-08-11

Death 1901-05-24

Female

Britons

English

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