Shouse, Catherine Filene

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Philanthropist and founder of Wolf Trap Farm Park, Shouse was born in Boston, Mass., the daughter of A. Lincoln Filene and Therese (Weil) Filene. She attended Bradford Academy (1911-1913), spent one year at Vassar College (1913-1914), and graduated from Wheaton College in Norton, Mass. (1918). While an undergraduate, she organized a series of conferences to promote jobs for educated women. Shouse was hired as assistant to the chief of the Women's Division of the U.S. Employment Service of the Department of Labor (1917). She published Careers for Women (1920) and was the first woman to receive a master's degree in education from Harvard University (1923). Shouse married economist Alvin E. Dodd in 1921; they had one daughter, Joan, and divorced in 1929. Two years later Shouse married Jouett Shouse, a former congressman from Kansas.

The first woman appointed to the Democratic National Committee (1925), Shouse served as editor of the Woman's National Democratic Committee's Bulletin (1929-32). Shouse was the first woman to chair the board of the Federal Prison for Women (1926), where she instituted job training and rehabilitation programs. In 1929 she founded the Institute of Women's Professional Relations, which organized national conferences on opportunities for women with more than a high school education. A successful fundraiser, Shouse organized the General Clay Fund in 1949 to help the U.S. Army's Assistance Program for German Youth as well as the Hungarian Relief Fund to aid victims of Soviet repression in 1956. An avid dog breeder, Shouse was the president of the Potomac Boxer Club and publicity chair of the Old Dominion Kennel Club, and a judge in shows around the country.

An ardent supporter of the perfoming ares, Shouse began as a volunteer fundraiser for the National Symphony Orchestra. She also organized and sponsored the Candlelight Concerts in Washington, D.C. to supplement salaries of NSO musicians (1935-1942), and served as chair of the President's Music Committee's Person-to-Person Program (1957-1963), which produced annual calendars of national and international performances and organized the first International Jazz Festival (1962). In 1961, she donated 40 acres of her farm at Wolf Trap to the American Symphony Orchestra. In 1966, Shouse donated 100 acres and funds for an open-air theater to the National Park Service, and Wolf Trap came into being as the only national park for the performing arts.

From the description of Papers, 1878-1998 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122561981

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Shouse, Catherine Filene, 1896-1994. Papers, 1878-1998 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith American News Women's Club. corporateBody
associatedWith American Symphony Orchestra League. corporateBody
associatedWith Beauharnais, Helen Kotchoubey, Princess de. person
associatedWith Bush, Barbara, 1925- person
associatedWith Cohen, Elaine Pear. person
associatedWith Coolidge, Grace. person
associatedWith Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937. person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Mamie Doud, 1896-1979. person
associatedWith Filene, E. A. (Edward Albert), 1860-1937. person
associatedWith Filene family. family
associatedWith Filene, Lincoln, 1865- person
associatedWith Hill family. family
associatedWith Holmes, Gerald. person
associatedWith Institute of Women's Professional Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Lady Bird, 1912- person
associatedWith Ladd family. family
associatedWith Lewis, Boyd. person
associatedWith Lockhart, Hugh. person
associatedWith Menuhin, Yehudi, 1916-1999. person
associatedWith National Symphony Orchestra (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993. person
associatedWith O'Connor, Sandra Day, 1930- person
associatedWith Ormandy, Eugene, 1899-1985. person
associatedWith People-to-People (Organization). President's Music Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965. person
associatedWith Prey, Hermann, 1929-1998. person
associatedWith Putnam, George Palmer, 1887-1950. person
associatedWith Ripley, Sidney Dillon, 1913-2001. person
associatedWith Robertson family. family
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Shouse, Jouett, 1879-1968. person
associatedWith Udall, Stewart L. person
associatedWith United States. European Command. corporateBody
associatedWith War Camp Community Service (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Wheaton College (Norton, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Williams, Charl Ormand, 1885-1969. person
associatedWith Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts (Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Woman's National Democratic Club (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Woodhouse, Chase Going, 1890-1984. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Vienna (Va.)
United States
Fairfax County (Va.)
Washington (D.C.)
Southern States
World War, 1939-1945--Women
Performing Arts
Career education
Women travelers
Ocean travel
Youth centers
Music patron
Performing arts--Finance
International relief charities
Arts publicity
Women philanthropists
Custody of children
Dog shows
World War, 1939-1945--War work
Political refugees
Vocational guidance for women
Arts fund raising
Centers for performing arts
Music festivals
Civic leaders
Soldiers--Recreation--20th century
Art patrons
Fund raising
Voyages and travels
Fascism and youth
Joint custody of children
Women in the professions


Birth 1896

Death 1994



Ark ID: w6x151wh

SNAC ID: 41916621