Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898

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Clergyman, missionary, scholar, and teacher.

From the description of [Papers, ca. 1837-ca. 1898] [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 238022214

From the description of [Papers, ca. 1837-ca. 1898] [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 238022267

Clergyman, teacher, missionary.

From the description of Alexander Crummell Papers, 1837-1898. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122486308

From the guide to the Alexander Crummell Papers, 1837-1898, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Journalist, historian. Born into slavery, Bruce was a militant writer for the black press on political, economic and social issues, black history and personalities, and counted among his friends and associates many of the prominent black educators, intellectuals, writers and activitists of the time.

Bruce secured his first job with a newspaper, "The New York Times" in 1874, as a general helper in the Washington correspondents's office. That same year he became a correspondent for African-American newspapers, writing for more than twenty American newspapers as well as black publications in England, Jamaica, the West Indies, and in West and South African over the years. His articles also appeared in such white newspapers as the "Boston Transcript," the "Washington Evening Star," "The New York Times," the "St. Louis Globe-Democrat," and the "Buffalo Express.".

Bruce founded the "Argus," a weekly newspaper in Washington, D.C. in 1879, and the "Sunday Item" in 1880. In 1882 he was editor of the Norfolk, VA, "Republican", and in 1884 he was assistant editor and business manager of the "Commonwealth" of Baltimore, MD. and founded the "Washington Grit" in Washington, D.C. His famous column "Bruce Grit" appeared in 1884 in the Cleveland "Gazette" and the "New York Age." And, from 1896 to 1901, Bruce was associate editor of "Howard's American Magazine.".

In addition to his journalistic endeavors, Bruce also published two books, "Short Biographical Sketches of Eminent Negro Men and Women in Europe and the United States" (1910) and "The Awakening of Hezekiah Jones" (1916), and many pamphlets. He worked with T. Thomas Fortune in the Afro-American League and the Afro-American Council in the 1890's. And, with Arthur A. Schomburg and others he organized the Negro Society for Historical Research in 1911, for the promotion and preservation of black history.

From the guide to the John Edward Bruce papers, 1872-1927, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898. [Papers, ca. 1837-ca. 1898] [microform]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Correspondence, 1829-1874 Houghton Library
creatorOf Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898. Alexander Crummell Papers, 1837-1898. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf John Edward Bruce papers, 1872-1927 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898. Papers, 1842-1898. [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1823-1882. Papers, 1820-1874. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Alexander Crummell Papers, 1837-1898 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Bruce, John Edward, 1856-1924. John Edward Bruce papers, 1872-1927. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Bassett, Ebenezer D., 1833-1908. Benjamin Coates African colonization collection, 1848 -1880 (bulk 1858-1869). Haverford College Library
creatorOf Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898. [Papers, ca. 1837-ca. 1898] [microform]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bruce, John Edward, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Cromwell, John Wesley, 1846-1927 person
associatedWith Fortune, Timothy Thomas, 1856-1928 person
associatedWith Greener, Richard Theodore, 1844-1922 person
associatedWith Ku Klux Klan (1915- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Morris, Robert, 1823-1882. person
associatedWith Negro Historical Research Society corporateBody
associatedWith Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938 person
associatedWith Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. corporateBody
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Universal Negro Improvement Association corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
England
Liberia
United States
Haiti
United States
England
Liberia
United States
Subject
African Americans--History
African Americans--Societies, etc
African American freemasons
African American historians
African American civil rights workers--Archives
Missions
Families
African American journalists
African Americans in Liberia
African American authors
African American families
African Americans--Civil rights--History--19th century--Sources
Missions--Liberia
Race relations--United States
African American Episcopalians
African Americans--Religion
Occupation
Afro--American missionaries
African American missionaries
Afro--American clergy
African American clergy
Function

Person

Birth 1819-03-03

Death 1898-09-10

Americans

English

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