Carpenter, Edward, 1844-1929

Alternative names
Birth 1844-08-29
Death 1929-06-28

Biographical notes:

British social reformer and poet.

From the description of Lecture notes, 1879-1880. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 28106871

British social reformer and writer.

From the description of A market place in Morocco, [19--]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702146085

English poet and philosopher.

From the description of Letter, ca. 1910, to William Sloane Kennedy. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 184907549

Edward Carpenter was a British author with an international reputation who primarily wrote non-fiction, as well as some Whitmanesque poetry. Ordained after graduating from Trinity, he left the ministry and devoted himself to social service. His writing explored themes of socialism, his spiritual quest for a new, universal religion, and his homosexuality, especially his belief that he inherited his sexual orientation.

From the description of Edward Carpenter translation of an Eichendorff poem, 1914 Mar. 13. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 53150146


From the description of Edward Carpenter correspondence, 1904. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79452651

Edward Carpenter (1844-1929) was a British socialist writer and poet, known for his advocacy of natural living, and for his writings on homosexuality and his open espousal of this identity. Carpenter was born to a middle-class family, attended Cambridge University, worked for the University Extension movement in northern England, traveled and lectured, and in 1883 settled in Millthorpe, near Sheffield. In 1891, after his return from a trip to India to study Indian philosophy and religion, he met George Merrill, who would be his companion for nearly forty years. Among his works are Towards Democracy (1883) and The Intermediate Sex (1908). Crane also composed the socialist anthem England Arise!


Adapted from Philip Taylor’s "Biographical Note," at the Edward Carpenter Archive website.

From the guide to the Edward Carpenter Letters and Postcards, 1880-1923, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)


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Ark ID:


  • Pacifism
  • Socialists--Great Britain
  • Poets, German--Translations into English
  • Women--Suffrage
  • Prisoners


  • Authors


  • Morocco (as recorded)
  • Egypt (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Dinshawāy (Egypt) (as recorded)
  • Egypt (as recorded)
  • Dinshawāy (Egypt) (as recorded)