Challenger (Spacecraft)

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Space Shuttle Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation OV-099) was NASA's second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service, after Columbia. Its maiden voyage was on April 4, 1983 and it made eight further round trips to low earth orbit before breaking up 73 seconds into the launch of its tenth mission, on January 28, 1986 killing all seven crew members. It would later be replaced by the space shuttle Endeavour, which would be launched six years after the 51-L disaster.

Challenger was constructed using a body frame (STA-099) that had initially been built as a test article. STA-099 had not been meant for spaceflight, but NASA discovered that recycling it would be cheaper than refitting the test shuttle Enterprise (OV-101) to be spaceworthy, as originally planned. The spacecraft was named after a British corvette HMS_Challenger_which carried out a pioneering global marine research expedition in the 1870s.

Challenger was one of two space shuttles destroyed in an accident during a mission, the other being Columbia. The collected debris of the vessel is currently stored in decommissioned missile silos at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. From time to time, further pieces of debris from the orbiter wash up on the Florida coast. When this happens, they are collected and transported to the silos for storage.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Buchli, James F., Collection, 1985 University of West Florida Libraries
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referencedIn PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON THE SPACE SHUTTLE HEARING #3C, 2/6/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn BYU Magazine collection of reminiscences, 1937-2012 L. Tom Perry Special CollectionsUniversity Archives
referencedIn SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER 099 CHALLENGER 51-B MISSION United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER 099 CHALLENGER ON 51-F SPACELAB 2 MISSION United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON THE SPACE SHUTTLE HEARING #1C, 2/25/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER 099 CHALLENGER 51-B LANDING United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn STS 51-L DATA AND DESIGN ANALYSIS TASK FORCE (COMPOSITE VIDEO OF STS 51-L FILMS - INCLUDING 70MM), 7/22/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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editorOf PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON THE SPACE SHUTTLE HEARING #3C, 3/7/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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referencedIn Space tree : records, 1985-1987. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Feynman, Richard P. (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988. Papers, 1933-1988. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
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referencedIn UPDATE - SHUTTLE REVIEW BOARD (J.R. THOMPSON), 4/8/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Harbor Branch Foundation. Sea Link II. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
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referencedIn SALVAGE OPS UPDATE (51-L W/COL. ED O'CONNOR), 3/24/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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creatorOf Harbor Branch Foundation. Seward Johnson. Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee County Federated Library System
referencedIn PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON THE SPACE SHUTTLE HEARING #2B, 2/6/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER 099 CHALLENGER 51-B MISSION United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn PRESS CONFERENCE: WILLIAM GRAHAM, JESSE MOORE AND RICHARD TRULY, 2/20/86 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER 099 CHALLENGER 41-C STS-13 ON BOARD MAGAZINES 72,73,74,75,76,77 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Better Government Association (Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Bingham, Barry, 1906-1988. person
associatedWith Bridges, Roy D. (Roy Dunbard), 1943- person
associatedWith Buchli, James F. person
associatedWith BYU Magazine corporateBody
associatedWith Feynman, Richard P. (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988. person
hasMember Ride, Sally, 1951-2012 person
associatedWith Rockwell International corporateBody
hasMember Sullivan, Kathryn D., 1951- person
associatedWith Truly, Richard. person
associatedWith United States. Government Printing Office. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration corporateBody
associatedWith Welborne, Patrick, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
space exploration
Space flight
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1982-07-05

Active 1986-01-28

Americans

Information

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