Hamilton, Henry, -1796

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Hamilton (1734?-1796) was a British army officer in the American Revolutionary War. He was also Lieutenant-Governor and Governor of Detroit, Quebec, Bermuda, and Dominica.

From the description of Henry Hamilton papers, 1768-1933. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612696380

Henry Hamilton (1734?-1796) was a British army officer in the American Revolutionary War. He was also Lieutenant-Governor and Governor of Detroit, Quebec, Bermuda, and Dominica.

From the description of Henry Hamiton drawings of North American scenes and Native Americans, ca. 1769-1784. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612193582

Hamilton served in Wolfe's command, 1758; as Lt. Gov. of Detroit, 1775-1779; Lt. Gov. of Quebec, 1782-1779; Governor ad interim of Quebec, 1782-1784; Governor of Bermuda, 1787-1794 or 1795; and Governor of Dominica, 1795-1796. Simcoe served as the first Lt. Gov. of Upper Canada, 1791-1796. Alexander Macomb was Revolutionary War General and general commander of the miltary for the district of Detroit. William Macomb served as a member of the Assembly of Upper Canada and owned Belle Isle and Grosse Isle (Mich.).

From the description of Correspondence, 1793. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 42516231

Born in Ireland; came to America as a soldier in the French & Indian war, ca. 1755; was in the West Indies, 1761-1763; lieut. gov. at Detroit, 1775-1778; went to England, then returned to Quebec as lieut. government, 1782-1785; governor of the Bermudas, 1790-1796; died there, 1796.

From the description of Henry Hamilton papers, 1776-1778. (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 384025648

Hamilton's father was Henry Hamilton (1692-1743), MP for Donegal, County Cork, Ireland. Henry Hamilton was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1734? as the fourth of seven children. He spent his youth in Cork and was commissioned into the 15th Regiment of Foot in the British Army. He earned distinction in the British victories at the battles of Louisburg and Quebec in the French and Indian War.

Hamilton was the British Lieutenant-Governor at Detroit from 1775-1778 and was the man responsible for implementing British Indian policy in the Old Northwest during the American Revolution. He was called the "Hair-Buyer General" by his adversary George Rogers Clark, referring to Hamilton's alleged practice of offering bounties for American scalps, but many historians have since dispelled much of this legend. In August of 1778, Hamilton learned that the Virginians under Colonel George Rogers Clark were descending the Ohio River to invade Illinois country to occupy posts there, including Vincennes on the Wabash River. Hamilton mounted an expedition to counterattack and drive the Virginians from Vincennes. He set out in September and October via the Maumee and Wabash Rivers but by February 1779 Clark retook Vincennes and took Hamilton prisoner. Hamilton was taken by the Americans to Williamsburg, Virginia and held in jail until parole was arranged in October of 1780. He was then taken to New York where he was exchanged for an American prisoner in March of 1781 and he arrived in London in June.

Hamilton was sent back to Quebec from 1782 to 1785 as Lieutenant-Governor and later Deputy-Governor. He was Lieutenant-Governor, then Governor of Bermuda from 1785-1794, and Governor of the Dominica from 1794-1796. In March of 1795, at the age of 61, Hamilton married Elizabeth Lee (25 years old), daughter of Colonel Lee of Banbury, Oxfordshire. They had only one child, Mary Anne Pierpoint Hamilton, who died unmarried on 1871 Dec. 12. Hamilton died in 1796 at Antigua while still holding office.

Hamilton's older brother was Sackville Hamilton, a Privy Councillor and Chief Secretary for Ireland. It was this brother's great-granddaughter, Mrs. Rice, who donated the Hamilton material to Harvard.

From the guide to the Henry Hamilton drawings of North American scenes and Native Americans, ca. 1769-1784., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Hamilton's father was Henry Hamilton (1692-1743), MP for Donegal, County Cork, Ireland. Henry Hamilton was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1734? as the fourth of seven children. He spent his youth in Cork and was commissioned into the 15th Regiment of Foot in the British Army. He earned distinction in the British victories at the battles of Louisburg and Quebec in the French and Indian War.

Hamilton was the British Lieutenant-Governor at Detroit from 1775-1778 and was the man responsible for implementing British Indian policy in the Old Northwest during the American Revolution. He was called the "Hair-Buyer General" by his adversary George Rogers Clark, referring to Hamilton's alleged practice of offering bounties for American scalps, but many historians have since dispelled much of this legend. In August of 1778, Hamilton learned that the Virginians under Colonel George Rogers Clark were descending the Ohio River to invade Illinois country to occupy posts there, including Vincennes on the Wabash River. Hamilton mounted an expedition to counterattack and drive the Virginians from Vincennes. He set out in September and October via the Maumee and Wabash Rivers but by February 1779 Clark retook Vincennes and took Hamilton prisoner. Hamilton was taken by the Americans to Williamsburg, Virginia and held in jail until parole was arranged in October of 1780. He was then taken to New York where he was exchanged for an American prisoner in March of 1781 and he arrived in London in June.

Hamilton was sent back to Quebec from 1782 to 1785 as Lieutenant-Governor and later Deputy-Governor. He was Lieutenant-Governor, then Governor of Bermuda from 1785-1794, and Governor of Dominica from 1794-1796. In March of 1795, at the age of 61, Hamilton married Elizabeth Lee (25 years old), daughter of Colonel Lee of Banbury, Oxfordshire. They had only one child, Mary Anne Pierpoint Hamilton, who died unmarried on 1871 Dec. 12. Hamilton died in 1796 at Antigua while still holding office.

Hamilton's older brother was Sackville Hamilton, a Privy Councillor and Chief Secretary for Ireland. It was this brother's great-granddaughter, Mrs. Rice, who donated the Hamilton material to Harvard.

From the guide to the Henry Hamilton papers, 1768-1933., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Journal of Governor Henry Hamilton : manuscript, 1780. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Henry Hamilton papers, 1768-1933. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Journal of the British expedition from Detroit to Vincennes and its defeat by George Rogers Clark : manuscript, 1778-1782. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Correspondence, 1793. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers, Germain, George Sackville papers, 1683-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Correspondence and papers of Henry Hamilton : manuscript, undated. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Correspondence and papers of Henry Hamilton : manuscript copy, [17--]. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Henry Hamilton drawings of North American scenes and Native Americans, ca. 1769-1784. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Thomas Jefferson letter to Colonel [Theodorick] Bland [manuscript], 1779 June 8. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter to Theodorick Bland [manuscript] 1779 June 5. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn De Peyster, Arent Schuyler, 1736-1822. Orders, 1778 Oct. 26. Newberry Library
referencedIn Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891,. Draper manuscripts: George Rogers Clark papers, 1756-1891. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Stevens, Wayne Edson, 1892-1959,. Manuscripts and research relating to the fur trade, [undated], 1765-1816, 1926, 1934. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Schieffelin, Jacob, 1757-1835. Jacob Schieffelin papers, 1780-1929. Library of Congress
referencedIn Orr, Robert, 1744-1833. Captain Robert Orr's Account, 1781. Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Henry Hamilton papers, 1768-1933. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Philip Hofer papers concerning the Henry Hamilton collection, 1941-1942. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Reminiscences, 1755-1762 : including the Louisburg and Quebec campaigns, manuscript, 1792. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Henry Hamiton drawings of North American scenes and Native Americans, ca. 1769-1784. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. George Sackville Germain papers, 1683-1785. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn University of Chicago. Library. Special Collections Research Center. Fort Detroit in the Revolutionary War documents, 1776-1782 : manuscript, [ca. 1886]. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Hay, Jehu, d. 1785. Jehu Hay papers, 1764-1767. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Dartmouth, William Legge, Earl of, 1731-1801. William Legge Dartmouth papers, 1766-1775 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, d. 1796. Journal of Governor Henry Hamilton : manuscript copy, 1780. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Hofer, Philip, 1898-1984. Philip Hofer papers concerning the Henry Hamilton collection, 1941-1942. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Hamilton, Henry, 1734-1796. Henry Hamilton papers, 1776-1778. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Alfred Claghorn Potter person
associatedWith Archer Butler Hulbert person
associatedWith B.F. Stevens & Brown, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Caroline Isabella Hamilton Rice person
associatedWith Charles Mclean Andrews person
associatedWith Charles William Eliot. person
associatedWith Clarence Pell person
associatedWith Clark, George Rogers, 1752-1818. person
correspondedWith Compton, Lady Eliza, 16th cent. person
correspondedWith Compton, Lord person
associatedWith Dartmouth, William Legge, Earl of, 1731-1801. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Delany, Mary Granville Pendarves, 1700-1788 person
associatedWith De Peyster, Arent Schuyler, 1736-1822. person
correspondedWith Dorchester, Sir Guy Carleton, 1st baron, 1724-1808 person
associatedWith Edwin Lawrence Godkin person
associatedWith George Parker Winship. person
correspondedWith Hamilton, Mrs., recipient. person
associatedWith Harry Miller Lydenberg person
associatedWith Harvard College Library, corporateBody
correspondedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University Press corporateBody
associatedWith Hay, Jehu, d. 1785 person
correspondedWith Henry Hamilton person
associatedWith Henry S. Culvar person
associatedWith Hofer, Philip, 1898-1984. person
correspondedWith Hotham, Charles. person
associatedWith Indiana Historical Society corporateBody
associatedWith Jacob Piatt Dunn person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jerome Davis Greene person
associatedWith John Clarence Webster person
associatedWith John Lawrence Schieffelin person
associatedWith John Stewart McLennan person
associatedWith Joseph L. Peyser person
associatedWith Kissingua. person
associatedWith Lady Williams Wynn person
correspondedWith Lambert person
associatedWith Lane, William Coolidge, 1859-1931, person
associatedWith Library of Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Macomb, Alexander, 1748-1831. person
associatedWith Macomb, William. person
associatedWith Mary S. Sayers person
associatedWith Orr, Robert, 1744-1833. person
associatedWith Pacane person
associatedWith Pell, Howland, person
correspondedWith Pell, Howland. person
correspondedWith Pitt, John, 2nd earl of Chatham, 1756-1835 person
associatedWith Quooquiandarong. person
associatedWith Quosquiandorong. person
associatedWith Randolph Greenfield Adams person
correspondedWith Rawdon. person
associatedWith R. C. Ballard Thruston. person
associatedWith Reuben T. Durrett Collection on Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Rice, Caroline Isabella Hamilton, person
associatedWith Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. person
associatedWith Sastaretsi. person
associatedWith Schieffelin, Jacob person
associatedWith Schieffelin, Jacob, 1757-1835. person
associatedWith Simcoe, John Graves, 1752-1806. person
associatedWith Stevens, Wayne Edson, 1892-1959, person
associatedWith Tzenoritzé person
associatedWith Tzentoritzi. person
associatedWith United States Consulate (Queenstown, Ireland) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Embassy (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Wawecaughten person
associatedWith Wawiachon person
associatedWith William Dana Orcutt person
associatedWith William Phillips person
associatedWith Worthington Chauncey Ford person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Vincennes (Ind.)
Canada
Northwest, Old
Northwest, Old
Northwest, Old
United States
United States
Northwest, Old
Northwest, Old
Fort Detroit (Detroit, Mich.)
Indiana
United States
Detroit (Mich.)
United States
Northwest, Old
Vincennes (Ind.)
Ottawa River Valley (Québec and Ont.)
Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
Vincennes (Ind.)
Vincennes (Ind.)
Wabash River
Chaudière River Valley (Québec)
Northwest, Old
United States
Louisburg (N.S.)
Northwest, Old
Vincennes (Ind.)
Subject
Clark's expedition to the Illinois, 1778-1779
Ojibwa Indians--Portraits
Lieutenant governors
Wyandot Indians--Portraits
Quebec Campaign, 1759
Manuscripts, American
Miami Indians--Portraits
Ottawa Indians--Portraits
Indians of North America--Pictorial works
Indians of North America--Wars--1775-1783
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1734

Death 1796

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