University of Michigan. School of education

Variant names

Hide Profile

See the historical sketch in the finding aid for School of Education (University of Michigan) Records.

From the guide to the Michigan School of Education (University of Michigan) publications, 1880-[ongoing], 1923-1995, (Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan)

University Elementary, Junior High, and High School administered under auspices of University of Michigan School of Education.

From the description of School of Education (University of Michigan) schools records, 1920-1969. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34419259

Demonstration schools operated by the University of Michigan School of Education.

University High School opened in 1924 followed by University Elementary School in 1930. In 1955 they were combined as University Schools before closing in 1969.

From the description of School of Education (University of Michigan) schools records, 1920-1975 (bulk 1930-1960). (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 79896023

Demonstration schools operated by the University of Michigan School of Education.

University High School opened in 1924 followed by University Elementary School in 1930. In 1955 they were combined as University Schools before closing in 1969.

From the description of School of Education (University of Michigan) schools photographs series. 1935-1959. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 43859116

Although many of the University of Michigan's graduates pursued careers in teaching, it wasn't until 1874 that the university began awarding teacher's diplomas and added structure to courses in "pedagogics." Increased interest in the courses and repeated lobbying by President James B. Angell resulted in the establishment of the Chair of the Science and Art of Teaching, within the Literary College, in 1879. It was the first permanent chair of education in an American university or college. William H. Payne, a former principal and superintendent, was appointed to fill this newly established position. Under Payne the curriculum began to evolve from courses on school supervision to include the history and theory of education. Payne resigned in 1887 and was succeeded by Burke Aaron Hinsdale who had previously served as president of Hiram College and as superintendent of schools in Cleveland, Ohio. During Hinsdale's tenure the state legislature authorized the university to begin teacher certification by awarding teaching certificates as legal qualification to teach in any of the state's public schools. The teacher's diploma continued to awarded but lacked the legal clout of the new certificate.

In 1899 a second professor, Allen S. Whitney, was appointed. The addition of a second professor helped to substantially expand the university's educational program. Whitney was also in charge of inspecting high schools as part of the developing accreditation program which had begun in 1870. When Hinsdale died unexpectedly in 1900, the university succeeded in enticing William H. Payne to return to Michigan. Payne's second stint was brief as his health rapidly failed and many of the administrative responsibilities fell to Whitney. In 1907 Whitney became chairman of what was renamed as the Department of Education.

Whitney began his new role by visiting several leading universities to study their teacher training programs. His findings were outlined in a report and noted that while Michigan had taken the lead in establishing a chair in education, it had fallen behind its peers in further developing education. Several universities now had schools or colleges of education and were well equipped to provide practice teaching and observation facilities. The University of Chicago, influenced by John Dewey, a faculty member at the University of Michigan from 1884 to 1894, was operating an exemplary model school. In 1911 a contract was signed with the Ann Arbor Board of Education to allow for observation in the local schools. The arrangement was not entirely satisfactory and the department continued to press for a model school of its own. While lobbying for a model school the department continued to ask for additional faculty and improved classroom and administrative facilities.

In 1919, responding to repeated requests, the state legislature authorized an appropriation to build and equip a model school. As planning for the model school got underway the Board of Regents passed a resolution establishing a School of Education effective July 1, 1921. The resolution elevated teacher training and placed education on a par with other professional schools and colleges on campus. The transition between department and school was eased by Whitney's appointment first as acting dean and finally as permanent dean. The new School of Education was organized into seven instructional units: History and Principles of Education; Educational Administration and Supervision; Educational Psychology, Mental Measurements and Statistics; Special Subjects; Vocational Education and Guidance; Physical Education, Athletics and School Health; and Public Health Nursing. Each of the seven units had its own chairman and committee.

In the fall of 1924 University High School opened as a demonstration school, the first of a proposed three-part building plan. In 1927 appropriations were made for a model elementary school which opened its doors in 1930. Due to the Great Depression, the proposed third building intended to house administrative offices and classrooms was never realized.

Allen Whitney resigned as dean in 1929 and an executive committee consisting of James Edmonson, George Myers, and Raleigh Schorling administered the School until Edmonson was appointed as the School's second dean later that year. By the time Whitney retired education had grown from a one member department to an independent school with 60 faculty members offering 150 courses. Edmonson who had previously served as inspector of high schools beginning in 1914, presided over an era of tremendous educational research made possible by the completion of the University Elementary School in 1930. Publication of The School of Education Bulletin also began in this era providing alumni and educators with news and articles written by the faculty. Willard C. Olson, who was appointed director of research in child development in 1929, instituted the systematic collection of data for longitudinal developmental studies, benefitting valuable research in education as well as several other disciplines. Many groundbreaking studies would be published from these data.

During Edmonson's tenure extension and consulting services were offered throughout the state largely in response to the social needs caused by the Depression. Greater emphasis was placed on vocational education and adult and community education. The School of Education also worked with the state prison in Jackson and cooperated with the University Hospital School as well as the Fresh Air Camp for emotionally troubled children. World War II and the postwar period prompted many changes within the School. Changing perceptions of teaching as a profession led to teacher shortages and expanded extension activities. In 1948 the Board of Regents created the Bureau of School Services which absorbed the work of several different units, including the high school accreditation program which had grown to 625 schools. Other changes included the establishment of a program in adult and community education in 1949 and a program in higher education in 1950. Guidance and counseling was also elevated to program status in 1952.

In 1952 Edmonson began his retirement furlough and was succeeded as dean by Willard C. Olson, who had been director of child development research. Olson's tenure corresponded with an era of unprecedented growth in student enrollment, faculty size, and external funding. The increased size of the school required an overhaul of its structure. An assistant dean was appointed in 1955 and the administrations of University Elementary School and University High School were combined into one entity, University School. The entire School of Education was given a new structure in 1956 when separate graduate and undergraduate units were created. That same year the Center for the Study of Higher Education was created through a major grant from the Carnegie Corporation. The space race and Cold War era made education a matter of national importance prompting the National Defense Education Act in 1958 which pumped money into education and research.

By the early 1960s University School was supplying less than 20% of the required placements for student teachers and under 50% of the observational experiences for methods classes. With a student to teacher ratio nearly half that of the Ann Arbor Public Schools it was no longer cost effective to operate University School and decisions were made to begin closing the high school grades. When an external review committee headed by Alvin Eurich turned in its controversial and critical report in 1969 the final decision to close University School was made final and the elementary grades were closed in 1970.

Olson retired as dean in 1970 and was replaced by Wilbur Cohen, an architect of Social Security and Secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare under Lyndon B. Johnson. The old University School facilities were renovated and turned into classrooms and offices for the School of Education. The School, which had grown to 14 program areas was organized into four divisions: Teacher Education; Behavioral and Social Foundations; Educational Specialists; and Higher, Occupational and Continuing Education. Cohen made urban education a central theme and teacher training was expanded to include the inner city. The federally sponsored race desegregation assistance center, Program for Educational Opportunity was established in 1970 and housed in the renovated School of Education. By the mid 1970s the need for teachers was declining and Cohen and the School had to address what was now a surplus of teachers in the face of dwindling federal and state funding. When Cohen retired in 1978, both enrollment and faculty had each declined by a third from the time he had assumed office.

When Joan S. Stark became dean in 1978 much of her task was to refocus the School in response to several issues raised by the teacher surplus and mounting national criticism of education. Diminishing budgets limited new faculty hiring and led to the removal of over 50 underutilized courses and the elimination of the undergraduate program in vocational education. As Stark instituted a major program consolidation and reevaluation, a $12 million shortfall in state appropriations for the university's 1981-82 budget was announced. The budget shortfall forced the university into a period of retrenchment. In 1982 Provost Billy E. Frye announced a five-year plan to reallocate resources and balance the budget by reductions of 10% spread across the campus and by selective major reductions from a few units targeted for downsizing and possible elimination.

The three units identified as candidates for major reduction were the School of Education, School of Art, and School of Natural Resources. A review committee was appointed in 1982 and began the task of evaluating the quality and size of the School of Education's programs and the School's relevance to societal needs and the mission of the university. Four public hearings were held in the fall of 1982 in which 86 individuals provided testimony regarding aspects of the School's work. The School supplied 10 volumes of detailed data and more than 200 exhibits. The review committee also interviewed faculty and staff both within and outside of the School as well as deans at four other schools of education.

On March 4, 1983 the review committee submitted its report containing 18 recommendations. Although it recommended the School's continuation, the committee proposed a 40% cut in the School's budget over a five-year period. Public hearings continued in the spring of 1983 and corresponded with the release of a highly publicized national report, A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform which called for wide-ranging educational reforms. Despite the needs called for in the national report and a highly positive reaccreditation during the height of the review, the Regents endorsed the 40% reduction proposal. Several months before the Regent's decision Stark announced that she would not seek a second term as dean. Following an internal search, Carl E. Berger, associate dean for research under Stark, was named dean in 1983 and charged with leading the School through the post-review transition period.

Berger and a transition team began negotiating plans for reducing and reorganizing the School of Education. The plans called for the reducing the academic staff from 75 to 45 and reducing support staff by 40%. Curriculum and programs were streamlined and doctoral and masters degree specializations were significantly reduced. Educational technology was selected as the overall theme for the School. Berger led the School through the difficult transition period and managed to keep research and reform alive despite the major cutbacks.

With the bulk of the review recommendations complied with, Berger stepped down as dean in 1988. Philip Kearney served as interim dean while a national search was completed resulting in the hiring of Cecil Miskel as the School's seventh dean in 1988. Innovative new programs were launched during Miskel's tenure aimed at providing nontraditional students with alternative routes to teacher preparation. The Master of Arts with Certification program was created to recruit students from diverse backgrounds who already held academic subject degrees. New partnerships and developmental opportunities were also created enlisting the aid of businesses in the state to create and test new models of schooling and educator preparation.

Miskel stepped down as dean in 1998. During his decade as dean many of the losses exacted during the review and its aftermath were gradually restored. The School also received its first endowed chair during this period, the Jean and Charles R. Walgreen Jr. Professorship in Reading and Literacy. Karen Wixson served as interim dean before being named permanent dean effective January 1, 2000.

(Much of the history was drawn from The Science and The Art of Teaching: The 75th Year of the University of Michigan School of Education (University of Michigan, 1997). A copy of this publication is available in the University of Michigan. School of Education Publications subgroup.

Recent information is available on the School of Education's World Wide Web page at the following URL: http://www.soe.umich.edu/

  • 1879 - 1887 : William H. Payne
  • 1888 - 1900 : Burke Aaron Hinsdale
  • 1901 - 1907 : William H. Payne, Chairman
  • 1907 - 1921 : Allen S. Whitney, Chairman
  • 1921 - 1929 : Allen S. Whitney
  • 1929: Executive Committee
  • 1929 - 1952 : James. B. Edmonson
  • 1952 - 1970 : Willard C. Olson
  • 1970 - 1978 : Wilbur J. Cohen
  • 1978 - 1983 : Joan S. Stark
  • 1983 - 1988 : Carl F. Berger
  • 1988: Philip Kearney (Interim)
  • 1988 - 1998 : Cecil Miskel
  • 1998 - 1999 : Karen Wixson (Interim)
  • 2000 - : Karen Wixson
  • 1970 - 1972 : Charles F. Lehmann
  • 1973 - 1979 : Frederick Bertolaet
  • 1979 - 1982 : Carl Berger
  • 1983 - 1987 : Thomas Switzer
  • 1987 - 1990 : Lawrence Berlin & Philip Kearney
  • 1990 - 1992 : Lawrence Berlin & Janet Lawrence
  • 1992 - 1994 : Janet Lawrence & Samuel Meisels
  • 1994 - : Janet Lawrence & Brian Rowan (acting)

From the guide to the School of Education (University of Michigan) records, 1904-2010, 1950-1988, (Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Reeves, Jesse Siddall, 1872-1942. Jesse Siddall Reeves papers, 1853-1942. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Provost and Executive Vice-President for Academic Affairs (University of Michigan) Supplemental Files, 1953-[ongoing] Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Board of Regents (University of Michigan) records, 1817-2011, 1899-1987 (Regents Exhibits) Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf University of Michigan. School of Education. School of Education (University of Michigan) schools photographs series. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Tejada, Irene. Irene Tejada papers, 1928-1998. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Womer, Frank B. Frank B. Womer travel journal, ca. 1964. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan). [Reports and publications not separately cataloged] University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf University of Michigan. School of Education. Staff bulletin, 1929-1970. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Board of Regents. Board of Regents (University of Michigan) records, 1817-[ongoing]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Lehmann, Charles Frederick, 1922-. Charles Frederick Lehmann papers, 1953-1978. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Niehuss, Marvin Lemmon, 1903-2003. Marvin Lemmon Niehuss papers, 1923-1971 (bulk 1941-1968). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Edmonson, James Bartlett, 1882-1954. James B. Edmonson papers, 1915-1960 (bulk 1920-1955). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Phi Delta Kappa. Omega Chapter (University of Michigan). Phi Delta Kappa, Omega Chapter (University of Michigan) records, 1921-1982. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Occupational Education Program (University of Michigan) records, 1949-1980 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan). Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan) records, 1922-1979 (bulk 1967-1972). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf School of Education (University of Michigan) records, 1904-2010, 1950-1988 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Cohen, Wilbur J. (Wilbur Joseph), 1913-1987. Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1967-1987. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Olson, Willard Clifford, 1899-. Willard C. Olson papers, 1920-1973. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Diamond, Thomas, b. 1881. Thomas Diamond papers, 1928-1956 and undated. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Occupational Education Program. Occupational Education Program (University of Michigan) records, 1949-1980. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Programs for Educational Opportunity (University of Michigan) publications, 1973-1996 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn WCBN (Radio station : Ann Arbor, Mich.). University of Michigan assorted publications, circa 1920s-2006 ( bulk 1970s-1990s) University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Bureau of School Services. Bureau of School Services (University of Michigan) records, 1875-1933. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Howard Y. McClusky Papers, 1921-1982 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn University of Michigan. University School. University School (University of Michigan) photographs series. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959. Shirley Wheeler Smith papers, 1881-1959. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Mabel E. Rugen Papers, 1921-1989, 1930-1970 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Rugen, Mabel E., 1902-. Mabel E. Rugen papers, 1921-1989 (bulk 1930-1970). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn David L. Angus Papers, 1956-1999 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Berlin, Lawrence S. Lawrence Berlin papers, 1971-1983. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Lehmann, Charles Frederick, 1922-. Charles Frederick Lehmann papers, 1953-1987. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Angus, David L. David L. Angus papers, 1956-1999. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan assorted publications, ca. 1920-2010, 1970s-1990s Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn University of Michigan. Provost and Executive Vice-President for Academic Affairs. Provost and Executive Vice-President for Academic Affairs (University of Michigan) records, 1947-[ongoing]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf University of Michigan. School of Education. School of Education (University of Michigan) records, 1904-[ongoing]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf University of Michigan. School of Education. School of Education (University of Michigan) schools records, 1920-1969. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Jesse Siddall Reeves Papers, 1853-1942, 1901-1942 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Willard Clifford Olson papers, 1920-1973 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Provost and Executive Vice-President for Academic Affairs (University of Michigan). Staff Files, 1947--[ongoing] Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf University of Michigan. School of Education. Staff bulletin, 1929-1970 [electronic resource]. OCLC Econtent Synchronization Program
referencedIn University School (University of Michigan) records, 1920-1975, 1930-1960 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Davis, Calvin Olin, 1871-1954. Calvin Olin Davis papers, 1913-1941. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Programs for Educational Opportunity (University of Michigan) records, 1969-1996, 1970-1986 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Barritt, Loren. Loren Barritt papers, 1964-2000. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn McClusky, Howard Y. (Howard Yale), 1900-1982. Howard Y. McClusky papers, 1921-1982. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Charles Frederick Lehmann papers, 1953-1987 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Marvin Lemmon Niehuss papers, 1923-1972, 1941-1968 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Niehuss, Marvin Lemmon, 1903-2003. Marvin Lemmon Niehuss papers, 1923-1972 (bulk 1941-1968). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Bureau of School Services. Bureau of School Services (University of Michigan) records, 1871-1992. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Programs for Educational Opportunity. Programs for Educational Opportunity (University of Michigan) records, 1969-1996. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Whitney, Allen Sisson, 1857-1944. Allen Sisson Whitney papers, 1895-1944. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Payne, William Harold, 1836-1907. William H. Payne papers, 1853-1933. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Calvin O. Davis papers, 1910-1941 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1967-1987 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Michigan School of Education (University of Michigan) publications, 1880-[ongoing], 1923-1995 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Crittenden, Albert Robinson, 1867-1933. Albert Robinson Crittenden papers, 1868-1933. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Cohen, Wilbur J. (Wilbur Joseph), 1913-1987. Wilbur Joseph papers, 1967-1987. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Office of Academic Planning and Analysis. Office of Academic Planning and Analysis (University of Michigan) records, 1974-1983. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Women's Education Club (University of Michigan). Women's Education Club (University of Michigan) records, 1925-1933. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Albert Robinson Crittenden papers, 1868-1933 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf University of Michigan. School of Education. School of Education (University of Michigan) schools records, 1920-1975 (bulk 1930-1960). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Fred S. Dunham papers, 1903-1970 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Irene Tejada papers, 1928-1998, 1950-1970 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn James B. Edmonson papers, 1915-1960, 1920-1955 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Provost and Executive Vice-President for Academic Affairs (University of Michigan) central files, 1947-2010 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Murtland, Cleo, 1873-1965. Cleo Murtland correspondence, 1917-1919 and 1938-1942. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Dunham, Fred Sylvester, 1881-1979. Fred S. Dunham papers, 1903-1970. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Lawrence S. Berlin papers, 1971-1983 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Olmsted, Martha. Martha Olmsted papers, ca. 1972-1976. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Olson, Willard C. (Willard Clifford), 1899-1978. Willard C. Olson papers, 1924-1973. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Papers, 1957-1993 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Loren Barritt papers, 1963-2000 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn William Harold Payne papers, 1853-1933 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Martha Louise Kinsey Olmsted papers, 1972-1976 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan) Records, 1922-1979, 1967-1972 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Moehlman, Arthur B. (Arthur Bernard), 1889-1952. Arthur B. Moehlman papers, 1933-1952. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Bureau of School Services (University of Michigan) records, 1871-1992 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Shirley Wheeler Smith Papers, 1881-1959 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf University of Michigan. School of Education. Records, 1904-[ongoing]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Psychiatric Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Angus, David L. person
associatedWith Angus, David L. person
associatedWith Ann Arbor Public Schools. corporateBody
associatedWith Barritt, Loren. person
associatedWith Berger, Carl F. person
associatedWith Berger, Carl F. person
associatedWith Berlin, Lawrence S. person
associatedWith Berlin, Lawrence S. person
associatedWith Bertolaet, Frederick W. person
associatedWith Bertolaet. Frederick W. person
associatedWith Cohen, Wilbur J. (Wilbur Joseph), 1913-1987. person
associatedWith Crittenden, Albert Robinson, 1867-1933. person
associatedWith Davis, Calvin Olin, 1871- person
associatedWith Davis, Calvin Olin, 1871-1954. person
associatedWith Detroit Public Schools. corporateBody
associatedWith Diamond, Thomas, b. 1881. person
associatedWith Dunham, Fred Sylvester. person
associatedWith Dunham, Fred Sylvester, 1881-1979. person
associatedWith Edmonson, James Bartlett, 1882-1954. person
associatedWith ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Personnel Services. corporateBody
associatedWith Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Fresh Air Camp (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Lehmann, Charles Frederick, 1922- person
correspondedWith Margaret Dunkle person
associatedWith McClusky, Howard Y. (Howard Yale), 1900-1982. person
associatedWith Moehlman, Arthur B. (Arthur Bernard), 1889-1952. person
associatedWith Murtland, Cleo, 1873-1965. person
associatedWith National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning. corporateBody
associatedWith Niehuss, Marvin Lemmon, 1903-2003. person
associatedWith Olmsted, Martha. person
associatedWith Olmsted, Martha Louise Kinsey person
associatedWith Olson, Willard C. (Willard Clifford), 1899-1978. person
associatedWith Payne, William Harold, 1836-1907. person
associatedWith Phi Delta Kappa. corporateBody
associatedWith Phi Delta Kappa. Omega Chapter (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Phi Kappa Phi. University of Michigan chapter. corporateBody
associatedWith Pi Lambda Theta. Xi chapter (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Reeves, Jesse Siddall, 1872-1942. person
associatedWith Rugen, Mabel E. person
associatedWith Rugen, Mabel E., 1902- person
associatedWith Shaw College (Detroit, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw College (Detroit, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959. person
associatedWith Stark, Joan S. person
associatedWith Tejada, Irene. person
associatedWith University Elementary School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University Elementary School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University Elementary School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University Elementary School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University Elementary School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University Elementary School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University High School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University High School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University High School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University High School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University High School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University High School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University Junior High School (Ann Arbor, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Board of Regents. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Bureau of Accreditation and School Improvement Studies. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Bureau of Educational Reference and Research. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Bureau of School Services corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Bureau of School Services. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Bureau of School Services. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Center for the Study of Higher and Postsecondary Education. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Center for the Study of Higher Education. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Occupational Education Program. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Office of Academic Planning and Analysis. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Program in Adult and Continuing Education. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Programs for Educational Opportunity. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Provost and Executive Vice-President for Academic Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Provost and Executive Vice-President for Academic Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Section of Speech and Hearing Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Section of Speech and Hearing Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Summer Session. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. University School. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. University School. corporateBody
associatedWith Whitney, Allen Sisson, 1857-1944. person
associatedWith Women's Education Club (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Womer, Frank B. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Michigan--Flint
Michigan--Ann Arbor
United States
Michigan--Ann Arbor
Michigan--Flint
Michigan
Subject
Physical education and training
Psychiatry
Schools
Vocational education
Schools--Michigan--Flint
Elementary school teaching
Schools--Michigan
Teachers--Certification--Michigan
Education, Elementary--Activity programs
Teachers
Juvenile delinquency--Michigan
Education--United States
Juvenile delinquency
Children
Vocational education--Michigan
Physical education and training--Michigan
Teacher certification
Education
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6449pnn

Ark ID: w6449pnn

SNAC ID: 37625074