Brent, Joseph Lancaster, 1826-1905

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Joseph Lancaster Brent (1826-1905) was born in Maryland, studied law and became an attorney in Louisiana, and moved to San Francisco in 1851 before he finally settled in Los Angeles. Twice elected to the California State Legislature (1856-60), he was also a Los Angeles city councilman (1851-52), city attorney (1852-54), and superintendent of schools (1853-54). After the outbreak of the United States Civil War, he served under John Bankhead Magruder in 1862 in the Peninsular Campaign and then was assigned to Richard Taylor's district of Western Louisisana. In mid-February of 1863 he led an expedition up the Mississippi River that resulted in the capture of the Union ironlclad "Indianola." The following year he was appointed brigadier general and commanded Brent's Cavalry Brigade until the end of the conflict. After the war he practiced law in Maryland until he married Frances Rosella, daughter of Louisiana sugar planter and U.S. Congressman Duncan Farrar Kenner, and he managed his father-in-law's sugar plantations in Ascension Parish, Louisiana. He returned to Baltimore in 1889 and spent the last years of his life practicing law and writing essays about foreign affairs and the United States economy and a book of Civil War memoirs.

From the description of Papers of Joseph Lancaster Brent, 1850-1939. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228721071

Confederate army officer.

From the description of Papers of Joseph Lancaster Brent, 1863. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71060383

Born in Maryland, Brent studied law at Georgetown College, practiced in the Attakapas region of Louisiana, and then moved to Los Angeles, California in 1850, where he served two terms in the state legislature. In 1861 he joined the Confederate Army as a major, serving under Gen. John Magruder in the Peninsula, Wilderness and Richmond campaigns. He then served in Louisiana under Gen. Richard Taylor, attaining the rank of chief of artillery and ordnance.

In 1864 he was promoted to brigadier general of the cavalry and participated in the fighting in western Louisiana. After the war, he practiced law in Baltimore until his marriage to Rosella Kenner, the daughter of the prominent Louisiana planter and politician Duncan Kenner, in 1870.

He returned to Louisiana to administer her father's plantations (Hermitage, Houmas, Ashland, Oakland, Roseland, Fashion, Bowdon, and Tensas) until Kenner's death in 1887. He returned to Baltimore, where he practiced law and participated in state government. Joseph and Rosella Kenner Brent had a daughter, Miss Nanine Brent, and son, Duncan Kenner Brent.

From the description of Joseph L. Brent papers, 1869-1940 (bulk 1869-1904, 1926-1940). (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 244204444

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Arthur M. Ellis Collection of Photographic Negatives, 1849-1923, bulk 1880s-1890s The Huntington Library
referencedIn Alderman, Edwin Anderson, 1861-1931,. Barringer family papers [manuscript] 1717-1959. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Benjamin Davis Wilson Collection, 1836-1941, 1847-1894 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
creatorOf Wilson, Benjamin Davis, 1811-1878. Collection of Benjamin Davis Wilson, 1836-1941 (bulk 1847-1894). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Brent, Joseph Lancaster, 1826-1905. [Draft of a speech on the Monroe doctrine, 1901] / J.L. Brent. California State University, Sacramento
referencedIn Ellis, Arthur M. (Arthur McDonald), 1875-1932,. Arthur M. Ellis Photographic Negative Collection [graphic], 1849-1923, (bulk 1880s-1890s) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Brent, Rosella Kenner, 1849-1928. Rosella Kenner Brent papers, 1902-1915. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Brent, Joseph Lancaster, 1826-1905. [Draft of a paper on the American economy and foreign affairs, 1895] / J.L. Brent. California State University, Sacramento
creatorOf Brent, Joseph Lancaster, 1826-1905. Joseph L. Brent papers, 1869-1940 (bulk 1869-1904, 1926-1940). Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Brent, Rosella Kenner, 1849-1928. Rosella Kenner Brent papers, 1902-1915. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Brent, Joseph Lancaster, 1826-1905. Papers of Joseph Lancaster Brent, 1863. Library of Congress
creatorOf Brent, Joseph Lancaster, 1826-1905. Papers of Joseph Lancaster Brent, 1850-1939. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Brent, Joseph Lancaster, 1826-1905. [Draft of a speech on American foreign policy, 1898] / J.L. Brent. California State University, Sacramento
creatorOf Banning Company. Records of the Banning Company, 1859-1948. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Banning Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Brent family. family
associatedWith Brent, Nanine Marie. person
associatedWith Brent, Rosella Kenner. person
associatedWith Brent, Rosella Kenner, 1849-1928. person
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. District of Western Louisiana. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. Louisiana Cavalry. Brent's Brigade (1864-1865) corporateBody
associatedWith Del Valle, Ignacio. person
associatedWith Ellis, Arthur M. (Arthur McDonald), 1875-1932, person
associatedWith Hancock, Winfield Scott, 1824-1886. person
associatedWith Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Indianola (Ironclad) corporateBody
associatedWith Indianola (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Kenner family. family
associatedWith Lugo, Francisco. person
associatedWith Lugo, Menito. person
associatedWith Magruder, John Bankhead, 1807-1871. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Carter Littlepage, 1817-1888. person
associatedWith Taylor, Richard, 1826-1879. person
associatedWith Wilson, Benjamin Davis, 1811-1878. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mississippi River
California
California--Los Angeles
Louisiana
Louisiana--Ascension Parish
United States
United States
California
United States
Bowdon Plantation (La.)
California
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Louisiana
California
United States
Oakland Plantation (La.)
Subject
International relations
Monroe doctrine
Lawyers--Archives
Sugar trade--History--19th century--Sources
Peninsular Campaign, 1862
Seven Days' Battles, Va., 1862
Sugar growing
Plantations
Red River Expedition, 1864
Legislators--Archives
Occupation
Army officers, Confederate
Activity

Person

Birth 1826-11-30

Death 1905-11-27

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