Sanford, Maria Louise, 1836-1920

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Maria Sanford was Professor of Rhetoric and Elocution at the University of Minnesota 1880-1909.

From the description of Maria Sanford papers, 1869-1922. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63301117

Born on December 19, 1836 in Saybrook, Connecticut, Maria Sanford attended the Normal School in New Britain, graduating at the age of 19. After graduation, she taught local children in various Connecticut communities until 1871. Since women were not yet allowed to attend Yale University, a professor of history gave Maria Sanford outlines of college courses so that she could study independently. Her teaching skills were highly regarded, and in 1871 she was offered the position of professor of history at Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania. She is widely considered the first female professor in the United States. Professor Sanford remained at Quaker College for 9 years, until Dr. William W. Folwell, first president of the University of Minnesota, offered her a position at Minnesota in 1880.

She began as an assistant professor of rhetoric and elocution, and in 1881 she was appointed to the rank of professor. Professor Sanford led the rhetoric department from 1881 until her retirement in 1909. In addition to her teaching, she was a highly requested public speaker. Even after her retirement from the University, she continued to travel throughout the United States for public speaking engagements. Professor Sanford spent her entire academic career without the advanced degree she helped so many students attain. In July 1917, at the age of 80, Carleton College awarded her an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree.

At the time of her retirement in 1909, she was asked to give the commencement address, noted as being the first woman to give the address at major university in the United States. The first women's dormitory opened on campus in 1910 and was named for Professor Sanford. On April 19, 1920, Professor Sanford gave the speech "Apostrophe to the Flag" at the opening celebration of the continental congress of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Washington, D.C. She died two days later at the age of 83.

From the guide to the Maria Louisa Sanford papers, 1869-1922, (University of Minnesota Libraries. University Archives [uarc])

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sanford, Maria Louise, 1836-1920. Maria Sanford papers, 1869-1922. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Sanford, Maria Louise, 1836-1920. Maria L. Sanford papers, 1851-1920. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Minnesota Statehood Centennial Commission. Administrative files, 1954-1959, 1983. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Welsh, Herbert, 1851-1941. Correspondence, on the Miles report, 1903. University of Michigan
referencedIn William Watts Folwell Papers, 1856-1929 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
creatorOf Maria Louisa Sanford papers, 1869-1922 University of Minnesota Libraries. University Archives [uarc]
referencedIn Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. Fanny F. Brin papers, 1896-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Frank M. Rarig papers, 1901-1966 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
creatorOf Swenson, Lillian Marvin. Lilliam Marvin Swenson papers, 1894-1940. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Railway Mail Association (U.S.). Women's Auxiliary. St. Paul Branch (Saint Paul, Minn.). Women's auxiliary records, 1898-1964. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Administrative files., 1954-1959, 1983. Minnesota Historical Society
referencedIn Publicity and promotion files., 1954-1958. Minnesota Historical Society
creatorOf Sherman, Valentine C., 1859-1941. Valentine C. Sherman and family papers, 1849-1945. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Minnesota Statehood Centennial Commission. Audio-visual materials, 1958. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Audio-visual materials., 1958. Minnesota Historical Society
creatorOf Longfellow, Levi, 1842-1926. Levi Longfellow papers, 1865-1926. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Coolidge, Jennie, 1866-1933. Jennie Coolidge papers, 1879-1937. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Crosby, Francis M. (Francis Marion), 1830-1910. Francis M. Crosby and family papers, 1851-1954. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lawrence, William Hamilton, 1875-1954. An autobiography, 1952. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Rachie, Elias, 1875-1950. Elias Rachie papers, 1907. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Minnesota Statehood Centennial Commission. Publicity and promotion files, 1956-1959. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Hawley, Augustine Boyer, 1833-1878. Augustine B. Hawley and family papers, 1757-1956. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Benton, Harry Graham, 1878-. Harry G. Benton and family papers, 1862-1894, 1953. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Folwell, William Watts, 1833-1929. William Watts Folwell papers, ca. 1856-1929. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn John Florin Downey papers, 1864-1936 University of Minnesota Libraries. University Archives [uarc]
referencedIn Butner, Anne M. (Anne Maud), 1870-1932. Butner papers, 1900-1912. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Benton, Harry Graham, 1878- person
associatedWith Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. person
associatedWith Butner, Anne M. (Anne Maud), 1870-1932. person
associatedWith Church of Scotland corporateBody
associatedWith Coolidge, Jennie, 1866-1933. person
associatedWith Crosby, Francis M. (Francis Marion), 1830-1910. person
associatedWith Downey, John F. (John Florin), 1846- person
associatedWith Firkins, Ina Ten Eyck 1866-1937 person
associatedWith Folwell, William Bainbridge, 1878-1938 person
associatedWith Folwell, William Watts, 1833-1929. person
associatedWith Hawley, Augustine Boyer, 1833-1878. person
associatedWith Lawrence, William Hamilton, 1875-1954. person
associatedWith Longfellow, Levi, 1842-1926. person
associatedWith Magill, Edward H. (Edward Hicks), 1825-1907. person
associatedWith Maria Sanford Junior High School (Minneapolis, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota Statehood Centennial Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Nelson, Knute, 1843-1923. person
associatedWith Northrop, Cyrus, 1834-1922. person
associatedWith Rachie, Elias, 1875-1950. person
associatedWith Railway Mail Association (U.S.). Women's Auxiliary. St. Paul Branch (Saint Paul, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Rarig, Frank Miller, 1880-1963 person
associatedWith Sherman, Valentine C., 1859-1941. person
associatedWith Swarthmore College. corporateBody
associatedWith Swenson, Lillian Marvin. person
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith University of Minnesota. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Minnesota. Dept. of English corporateBody
associatedWith Welsh, Herbert, 1851-1941. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Minnesota--Minneapolis
Minnesota
United States
Turkey
Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Pennsylvania
Florida
Subject
Education
Rhetoric--Study and teaching
Elocution Study and teaching
Missionaries
Lectures and lecturing
Teachers institutes
Reclamation of land
Civic improvement
Occupation
College teachers--Minnesota
College teachers--Pennsylvania
Function

Person

Birth 1836-12-19

Death 1920-04-21

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SNAC ID: 28378726