Sumners, Hatton W. (Hatton William), 1875-1962

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Born in Lincoln County, Tennessee, attorney and democratic politician Hatton William Sumners (1875-1962) was the son of William A. Sumners and Anna Elizabeth Walker. In 1894, he moved with his family to Dallas County, Texas, where he studied law with Dallas attorney Alfred P. Wozencraft. After passing the Texas bar examination three years later, Sumners was elected Dallas County Attorney in 1900, and again in 1904 after losing in 1902. In 1906, he practiced law until he was appointed a congressman in the U. S. House of Representatives in 1912, serving sixteen more terms. From 1932 through 1946, Sumners served as chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary, during which he challenged President Roosevelt’s court-packing plan of 1937, that would allow the president to appoint a new Supreme Court Justice after a sitting judge had reached 70 years of age and did not retire. Sumners retired to Dallas in 1946, serving as Director of the Research in Law and Government of the Southwestern Legal Foundation at Southern Methodist University.

Sources:

Sumners, Hatton William. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed May 2, 2011. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S001072 .

Monroe, Catherine Mary. Sumners, Hatton William. Handbook of Texas Online . Accessed May 2, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsu04 .

Patenaude, Lionel V. Court-Packing Plan of 1937. Handbook of Texas Online . Accessed May 2, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/jzc01 .

From the guide to the Sumners (Hatton William) Papers 81-059., 1935-1938, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Born in Lincoln County, Tennessee, attorney and democratic politician Hatton William Sumners (1875-1962) was the son of William A. Sumners and Anna Elizabeth Walker.

In 1894, he moved with his family to Dallas County, Texas, where he studied law with Dallas attorney Alfred P. Wozencraft. After passing the Texas bar examination three years later, Sumners was elected Dallas County Attorney in 1900, and again in 1904 after losing in 1902. In 1906, he practiced law until he was appointed a congressman in the U. S. House of Representatives in 1912, serving sixteen more terms. From 1932 through 1946, Sumners served as chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary, during which he challenged President Roosevelt's court-packing plan of 1937, that would allow the president to appoint a new Supreme Court Justice after a sitting judge had reached 70 years of age and did not retire. Sumners retired to Dallas in 1946, serving as Director of the Research in Law and Government of the Southwestern Legal Foundation at Southern Methodist University.

From the description of Sumners, Hatton William, Papers, 1935-1938 (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 768421151

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franklin D., Letters, 1933-1945 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Sumners, Hatton William, 1875-1962. Sumners, Hatton William, Papers, 1935-1938 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Rogers, Warren Lee, 1912-1992. Papers of Warren Lee Rogers, 1912-1992. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Inventory of the John R. Anthony Papers TAMU MSS 00042., 1912-1977 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Warren Lee Rogers papers, 1912-1992 Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery
referencedIn Papers, 1888-1964 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Biography -- Sumners, Hatton. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. Letters 66-115; 71-165; 2012-196., 1918, 1933-1945 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Hart, James, 1896-1959. Letters to Professor James Hart from eminent Americans in the fields of politics and political science on governmental policy and problems [manuscript] 1915-1953. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf United States. Temporary National Economic Committee. Subpoenas issued by the Temporary National Economic Committee, 1939. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Sumners (Hatton William) Papers 81-059., 1935-1938 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Ludlow mss., 1898-1948 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anthony, John R. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hart, James, 1896-1959. person
associatedWith Love, Thomas B. person
associatedWith Ludlow, Louis, 1873-1950 person
associatedWith McIntyre, M. H. person
associatedWith McIntyre, M. H. person
associatedWith Pound, Roscoe, 1870-1964 person
correspondedWith Rogers, Warren Lee, 1912-1992. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives. Judiciary Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Temporary National Economic Committee. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Texas
United States
Washington, D. C
Washington, D. C.
Subject
Legislators--United States--History--20th century
Bills, Legislative--United States--History--20th century
Politicians--Texas--History--20th century
Railroads--History--20th century
Bills, legislative--History--20th century
Lawyers--Texas--History--20th century
Railroads--United States--History--20th century
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1875-05-30

Death 1962-04-19

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