Harriman, Florence Jaffray, 1870-1967

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Diplomat, political activist, and author. Born Florence Jaffray Hurst; died 1967.

From the description of Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman papers, 1857-1982 (bulk 1910-1960). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980111

Florence Jaffray Hurst was born in New York City; in 1889 she married J. Borden Harriman. She managed the New York State Reformatory for Women (1906-1918), was the only woman member of the Federal Industrial Relations Commission (1913-1916), organized a Red Cross motor corps in France and chaired the Committee on Women in Industry for the Council on National Defense during World War I, cofounded the Women's National Democratic Club (1922), and served as United States Minister to Norway (1934-1941). For additional biographical information see Notable American Women: The Modern Period (1980) and Harriman's early memoir, From Pinafores to Politics (1923).

From the description of Papers, 1940-1941. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007386

Biographical Note

  • 1870, July 21: Born, New York, N.Y.
  • 1880 - 1888 : Educated in Mrs. Lockwood's private classes, New York, N.Y.
  • 1889: Married J. Borden Harriman (died, 1914)
  • 1903 - 1916 : President, Colony Club, New York, N.Y.
  • 1906 - 1918 : Member, Board of Managers of New York State Reformatory for Women at Bedford, New York, N.Y.
  • 1912: Active in the presidential campaign for Woodrow Wilson
  • 1913 - 1916 : Member, U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations
  • 1917 - 1918 : Organized the American Red Cross Women's Motor Corps of the District of Columbia and directed the Women's Motor Corps in France.
  • 1922: Founder and first president, Woman's National Democratic Club, Washington, D.C.
  • 1923: Published From Pinafores to Politics. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
  • 1937 - 1941 : Minister to Norway
  • 1940: With the German invasion of Norway; fled to Sweden and arranged for the safety of other Americans and the Norwegian royal family.
  • 1941: Published Mission to the North. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott
  • 1967, Aug. 31: Died, Washington, D. C.

From the guide to the Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman Papers, 1857-1982, (bulk 1910-1960), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Dorothy Whitney Straight Elmhirst papers, 1887-1978, 1887-1926 (bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Elmhirst, Dorothy Whitney Straight, 1887-1968. Dorothy Whitney Straight Elmhirst papers, 1887-1978, 1887-1926 (bulk). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Haines, Lynn, 1876-1929. Lynn Haines papers, 1909-1931. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Florence (Daisy) Jaffray Harriman letter and clippings MSS. 0634., 1941; 1963 University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama
creatorOf Harriman, Florence Jaffray, 1870-1967. Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman papers, 1857-1982 (bulk 1910-1960). Library of Congress
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, n.d., 1907-1941 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Harriman, Florence Jaffray, 1870-1967. Papers, 1940-1941. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman Papers, 1857-1982, (bulk 1910-1960) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Katie Louchheim Papers, 1906-1991, (bulk 1942-1968) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Alexander Woollcott correspondence, ca. 1856-1943 (inclusive), 1920-1943 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Louchheim, Katie, 1903-. Katie Louchheim papers, 1906-1991 (bulk 1942-1968). Library of Congress
referencedIn Reilly, Caroline I. Series VIII of the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1907-1941 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Red Cross. Women's Motor Corps. corporateBody
correspondedWith Baruch, Bernard M. (Bernard Mannes), 1870-1965 person
correspondedWith Berlin, Irving, 1888-1989 person
associatedWith Caroline I. Reilly person
correspondedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
correspondedWith Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974 person
associatedWith Elmhirst, Dorothy Payne Whitney Straight. person
associatedWith Elmhirst, Dorothy Whitney Straight, 1887-1968. person
associatedWith Haines, Lynn, 1876-1929. person
correspondedWith Hayes, Helen, 1900-1993 person
correspondedWith Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955 person
correspondedWith Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952 person
correspondedWith Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963 person
associatedWith League of Nations. corporateBody
correspondedWith Louchheim, Katie, 1903- person
correspondedWith MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982 person
correspondedWith Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959 person
correspondedWith McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1863-1941 person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
correspondedWith Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989 person
correspondedWith Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948 person
associatedWith Raemaekers, Louis, 1869-1956. person
associatedWith Reilly, Caroline I. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
correspondedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith United States. Commission on Industrial Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Defense Advisory Commission. Committee on Women in Industry. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
correspondedWith Willkie, Wendell L. (Wendell Lewis), 1892-1944 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Edith Bolling Galt, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Woman's National Democratic Club (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Woollcott, Alexander, 1887-1943 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Norway
France
Norway
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Norway
United States
Subject
Diplomatic and consular service
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Home rule
Home rule
Industrial relations
Industrial relations
Peace
Presidents
Presidents
Social problems
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918
Women
Women in the labor movement
Occupation
Authors
Diplomats
Labor leaders
Activity

Person

Birth 1870-07-21

Death 1967-08-31

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