Elkins, William McIntire, 1882-1947

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Oliver Goldsmith was an Anglo-Irish author best known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766) and his play She Stoops to Conquer (1773). He was most likely born in Pallas, Ireland between 1728 and 1731. He attended Trinity College and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Leyden. From 1754 to 1756 he traveled through Europe and may have obtained a medical degree. It is known that he failed the examination at the College of Surgeons. In 1756 he moved to London and practiced unsuccessfully as a physician. From 1757 he began writing, editing, and proof-reading for various magazines. These magazines included British Magazine, Bee, and Lady's Magazine . From 1760 to 1761 he became a proof-reader and preface-writer for the publisher John Newberry. Newbery is credited with popularizing children's literature, and the Newberry Medal was named in his honor. One of Goldsmith’s better know contributions to Newbery’s magazines was the "Chinese Letters" for Public Ledger . In 1762 he founded the Samuel Johnson's literary club known as The Club, with several other writers. Oliver Goldsmith died from a kidney infection on April 4, 1774.


International Dictionary of Theatre. Gale, vol. 2.

From the guide to the Oliver Goldsmith papers, 1758-1798, (Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Rosenbach Company. Correspondence, 1903-1953. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Elkins, Lisa Norris. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1949, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Amy Lowell correspondence, 1883-1927 (inclusive), 1910-1925 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Reed, Priscilla, 1818-1895. Autograph book kept by Priscilla German Reed, 1837-1860. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
creatorOf Oliver Goldsmith papers, 1758-1798 Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Burney, Charles, 1726-1814 person
associatedWith Carr, John, 1723-1807 person
associatedWith Colman, George, 1732-1794 person
associatedWith Cumberland, Richard, 1631-1718 person
associatedWith Dodsley, James, 1724-1797 person
associatedWith Elkins, Lisa Norris. person
associatedWith Garrick, David, 1717-1779 person
associatedWith Garrick, Eva Marie Violetti, 1724-1822 person
associatedWith Goldsmith, Oliver, 1730? -1774 person
associatedWith Griffin, William, 1766-1830 person
associatedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Langton, Bennet, 1737-1801 person
correspondedWith Lowell, Amy, 1874-1925 person
associatedWith Malone, Edmond, 1741-1812 person
associatedWith Newbery, John, 1713-1767 person
associatedWith Nourse, John, 1762? -1790 person
associatedWith Percy, Thomas, 1729-1811 person
associatedWith Reed, Priscilla, 1818-1895. person
associatedWith Reynolds, Joshua, Sir, 1723-1792 person
associatedWith Rosenbach Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wingrave, Francis person
Place Name Admin Code Country


Birth 1882

Death 1947


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