Trobriand, Régis ˜deœ 1816-1897

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General, U.S. Army.

From the description of Papers, 1866-1869. (State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives). WorldCat record id: 17998750

Philippe Régis Denis de Keredern de Trobriand was born near Tours, France, in 1816, a descendent of a prominent military and social family. After his father's death in 1840, De Trobriand took a position in the French Ministry of the Interior. He made his first trip to the U.S. in 1841 where he married Mary Mason Jones. Between 1841 and 1854 the De Trobriands traveled extensively, living in Venice, Paris, and New York. In 1854 they settled in New York City and he wrote a regular column for Le Courrier des Etats Unis until the outbreak of the Civil War. His literary charm and skill earned him a reputation as an articulate observer of the social, cultural, and political landscape in America. In 1861 De Trobriand became a U.S. citizen. He served in a volunteer regiment in the Civil War and was breveted major general in 1865. In 1866 De Trobriand accepted a commission as colonel in the U.S. Army 31st Infantry. He served at various military posts around the West, including Fort Stevenson in Dakota Territory; Fort Shaw in Montana Territory; Camp Douglas in Utah; and Fort Steele in Wyoming. De Trobriand figured prominently in the infamous Piegan Campaign, including what became known as the Baker Massacre. He retired on 20 Mar. 1879 and died on 15 July 1897 at the age of eighty-one.

From the description of Régis de Trobriand papers, 1869-1870 [microfom]. (Montana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70959234

Philippe Régis Denis de Keredern de Trobriand was born near Tours, France, June 4, 1816, a descendent of a prominent military and social family. De Trobriand received a law degree from Poitiers in 1837 and was admitted to the bar, although he never practiced law. After his father's death in 1840, De Trobriand took a position in the French Ministry of the Interior. He made his first trip to the United States in 1841 and was cordially received by New York society. He married Mary Mason Jones, daughter of the president of the Chemical Bank of New York, in Paris in 1841. Between 1841 and 1854 the De Trobriands travelled extensively, living in Venice, Paris, and New York. In 1854 they settled in New York City and he wrote a regular column for Le Courrier des Etats Unis until the outbreak of the Civil War. His literary charm and skill earned him a reputation as an articulate observer of the social, cultural, and political landscape in America.

In 1861 De Trobriand became a citizen of the United States and joined the Lafayette Guard (55th New York Volunteers). He served with distinction during the Civil War and was breveted major general in 1865, becoming the only Frenchman other than Lafayette to hold that rank in the army of the United States. In 1866 General de Trobriand mustered out of volunteer service, but later that year accepted a commission as colonel in the U.S. Army 31st Infantry. In 1867 Colonel de Trobriand was appointed commander of the Middle District in the Department of Dakota, commanding the tiny post of Fort Stevenson in Dakota Territory.

In May 1869 he transferred to command the Montana District, headquartered at Fort Shaw, Montana Territory. Colonel de Trobriand figured prominently in the infamous Piegan Campaign, which included the murder of Malcolm Clark and what became known as the Baker Massacre.

After leaving Montana, Colonel de Trobriand was stationed at Camp Douglas, Utah, and Fort Steele, Wyoming. He then served at New Orleans until March 20, 1879, when he retired. After his retirement, he spent his summers in Paris and Bayport, Long Island, and his winters in New Orleans. He died on July 15, 1897, at the age of eighty-one.

From the description of Regis De Trobriand Papers 1869-1871 (Montana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 234080914

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Trobriand, Régis de, 1816-1897. Regis De Trobriand Papers 1869-1871 Montana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Trobriand, Régis de, 1816-1897. Papers, 1866-1869. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
creatorOf Rachel, 1821?-1858. Autograph letter signed : New York, to the Baron [sic] de Trobriand, 1855 Nov. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf United States. War Dept. Selected items relating to Philippe Regis de Trobriand, 1862-1897 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Trobriand, Régis de, 1816-1897. Heures ecouleés, 1835-1849. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Trobriand, Régis de, 1816-1897. Philippe Régis Denis de Keredern de Trobriand Collection, ca. 1867. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
creatorOf Warner, Charles Dudley, 1829-1900. Letter to General [de Trobriand]. Boston, MA. 1885 Apr. 24. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Papers of the Buxton, Lea, and Marshall families, 1855-1965 University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bristow, Benjamin Helm, 1832-1896. Benjamin Helm Bristow : miscellaneous papers, 1832-1896. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Trobriand, Régis de, 1816-1897. Heures ecouleés, 1835-1849. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Trobriand, Régis de, 1816-1897. Régis de Trobriand papers, 1869-1870 [microfom]. Montana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bristow, Benjamin Helm, 1832-1896. person
correspondedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
correspondedWith Post, Albert Kintzing, 1843-1872 person
correspondedWith Post, Marie Caroline, 1845-1926 person
associatedWith Rachel, 1821?-1858. person
correspondedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. 31st. Infantry. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Dept. of Dakota. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the Potomac. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Warner, Charles Dudley, 1829-1900. person
associatedWith Will, George F. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Montana
Fort Steele (Wyo.)
Fort Douglas (Utah)
Fort Shaw (Mont.)
United States
Fort Douglas (Utah)
West (U.S.)
Fort Shaw (Mont. : Fort)
Fort Stevenson (N.D.)
Fort Fred Steele (Wyo. : Fort)
Subject
Indians of North America--Encyclopedias
French poetry
Siouan languages
French Americans
Piegan Indians
Indians of North America--Dictionaries
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1816-06-04

Death 1897-07-15

Americans

French,

English

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